After delivering SQL Training, I realized that there is a need to write a blog which talks about Installing SQL Server 2005 cluster on Virtual Environment. Many DBA wants to see how Cluster looks like and they don't have capability to buy/see actual cluster.
There is an easy solution to the problem by using Virtual Server 2005.
I will try to be as descriptive as possible. In case something is not clear, please provide feedback.
You also have to download Microsoft Virtual Server (http://technet.microsoft.com/hi-in/bb738033(en-us).aspx)
You also need to download ISO image for SQL Server 2005 evaluation edition (http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=6931fa7f-c094-49a2-a050-2d07993566ec&DisplayLang=en)
You should also have virtual hard disk of operating system. (Download available http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=77f24c9d-b4b8-4f73-99e3-c66f80e415b6&DisplayLang=en)
Above link has three files to download. You have to download all files. Once you download content from above link, you need to extract to a folder in local machine using WIN2K3R2EESP2.part1.exe. I extracted in (E:\Virtual Server)
Above link has three files to download. You have to download all files. Once you download content from above link, you need to extract to a folder in local machine using
. I extracted in (E:\Virtual Server)
Please refer the readme file in above folder after you download.
NOTE: THIS SETUP WILL WORK ONLY FOR 30 days(depends on Read Me)
One you extracted the files, make three copies of virtual hard disk. One for Domain Controller, second for node1 and third for node2. I have created files as below:
Once you have downloaded and installed Virtual Server you should see new menu item in Programs.
Now, we will configure the Virtual Servers. First we need to Create Virtual Machine so that we have three separate virtual servers available. Make sure you set the Search Path at below screen.
On Left Side Menu choose Virtual Server > Server Properties > Search Path
below is the screen shot of "MyDC" setting. Information which I filled in is
Click on Create.
Now, Go to Master Status and try to "Turn ON" the domain controller (I know its not yet a DC but in next step we are going to make it)
One you log in to MyDC, rename the machine to MyDC (by right click on My Computer > Properties) You need to restart the computer after renaming.
Next step is to run "dcpromo" command to make this machine as domain controller. Start>Run>dcpromo
Accept all settings as default, below are few which you need to modify.
During setup if it asks for windows installation CD, please point it to C:\WindowsInstallationFiles\I386 folder. Also, when prompted, please provide IP address as 18.104.22.168. You will be prompted to restart the machine.
When you can logon screen after reboot, "Log on to" should have MyCluster selected.
Now we have one machine ready which will act as domain controller for our cluster setup.
You are now having one Domain Controller in your Virtual Network. Now, lets add two member servers in the domain. As we did earlier, we have to add rest two vhd to server. Below screen shot is for Node2.
After configuration on Virtual Servers, follow below steps
1. Rename the nodes to MyNode1 and MyNode2 (still in Workgroup).
My Computer > Right Click > Properties > Computer Name
Then Restart MyNode1 and MyNode2
2. Disable the Firewall on all three machines.
Control Panel > Windows Firewall
Select "Off" from the UI.
3. Change the IP address of machines.
MyNode1 - 22.214.171.124 (DNS Server 126.96.36.199)
MyNode2 - 188.8.131.52 (DNS Server 184.108.40.206)
4. Join the machine to domain (MyCluster.com) Below screen shot.
This finishes setup of one domain controller and two member servers.
Now we have to make MyNode1 and MyNode2 as single cluster.
lets move on to Part 2
Hi Pech Matine,
You just need one computer. We are using Virtual server to simulate three machines with in one machine.
If I need one computer , Do I need to use Virtual PC or not ? because If we don't need Virtual PC how can we setup windows server 2003 on other PC ?
Can you tell me how to create virtual hard disk of operating system ? because I can't download from internet cause the speed of my internet so slow.
You need to use Virtual Server software which is free download from Microsoft website
Hi Seng Solong,
Its available on internet. Not sure how can i help you in slow connection case.
1- Does the virtual hard disk of operating system can run on Windows 2003 SP 2?
2- How can I Rename the nodes to MyNode1 and MyNode2 ? because I have only one OS and run one computer.
Basically, we are using Virtualization technology here. This means that you can host multiple machines on just one hardware based operating system. MyNode1 and MyNode2 are two virtual machines hosted on your laptop/desktop. MyNode1 and MyNode2 would be used VHD (virtual hard disks) which are files located on your base machine.
In technical terms, "host" is the machine running virtual machines and "guest" is the machines which is running inside "host"
Hope this helps.
Can you show all IP address of all node (MyDC,MyNode1,MyNode2)?
I don't under stand this step :
How can I rename the my computer name to MyNode1 and MyNode2 ? because after I finish Create Member Servers (MyNode1 and MyNode2) then I go to right-click on my computer and see that :
My Computer Name : MyDC.MyCluster.com
Not sure if I understood your question correctly... Below are IP Addresses...
MyDC - 220.127.116.11
MyNode1 - 18.104.22.168
MyNode2 - 22.214.171.124
DCPromo need to be run on one of the virtual servers and 2nd virtual server and 3rd virtual server would join the domain.
Can you detail the step when I take 2nd and 3rd Virtual Server join the domain ? Because you said we need only one computer it can create cluster sql.
you need to refer my earlier reply about virtual server. let me try to explain again.
you need to install virtual server 2005 on your machine and create three virtual machine. In my whole series I never suggested to make any change to physical OS. MyNode1, MyNode2 and MyDC are virtual machines hosted on physical hardware.
please feel free to reply back if you need more clarity.
Sorry, Now I need to clearly with you again. This is my step will build the first cluster sqlserver :
1- Is it I need 3 Computers ?
2- Do I need to install Virtual Server on each machine (3 computers) ?
3- What OS for MyNode1 and MyNode2 (Window 2003 server or it can Windows XP) ?
Much Thank for your support.
Please note that this whole blogs series is to help you in getting your hands dirty before playing with production.
Below are the answers
1. No, you need only one computer
2. No, only one computer needed for whole blog series.
3. Windows 2003 is used on virtual machines.
If you are creating a true cluster for production then you need real storage (SAN), real hardware computers.