While creating the new administration stack in IIS 7, we were looking into the different ways users could manipulate the server configuration as well as the new runtime information available in IIS 7 (Internally we call this RSCA-Runtime State and Control API) from managed code, and we realized we needed to provide a simpler and more straight forward API that developers could consume from managed code. Microsoft.Web.Administration is the answer to this problem. This API is designed to be simple to code against in an “intellisense-driven” sort of way. At the root level a class called ServerManager exposes all the functionality you will need.

To show the power and simplicity of this API, let’s look at some samples below. To try this samples just create a new Console Application in Visual Studio and add a reference to Microsoft.Web.Administration.dll that can be found at IIS directory (%WinDir%\System32\InetSrv).
Please note that the following code is based on Windows Vista Beta 2 code and will likely change for the release candidate versions of Windows Vista since we have planned several enhancements to simplify the API and expose more features into it.
The following picture shows the main objects (excluding Configuration related classes).
 
Microsoft.Web.Administration
Creating a Site
 
ServerManager iisManager = new ServerManager();
iisManager.Sites.Add("NewSite""http""*:8080:""d:\\MySite");
iisManager.Update();
This basically creates an instance of the ServerManager class and uses the Add method in the Sites collection to create a new site named "NewSite" listening at port 8080 using http protocol and content files are at d:\MySite.
One thing to note is that calling Update is a requirement since that is the moment when we persist the changes to the configuration store.
After running this code you have now a site that you can browse using http://localhost:8080

Adding an Application to a site
ServerManager iisManager = new ServerManager();
iisManager.Sites["NewSite"].Applications.Add("/Sales""d:\\MyApp");
iisManager.Update();


This sample uses the Sites collection Indexer to get NewSite site and uses the Applications collection to add a new http://localhost:8080/Sales application.

Creating a Virtual Directory
ServerManager iisManager = new ServerManager();
Application app iisManager.Sites["NewSite"].Applications["/Sales"];
app.VirtualDirectories.Add("/VDir""d:\\MyVDir");
iisManager.Update();


Runtime State and Control

Now, moving on to the new Runtime state and control information we also expose in this objects information about their current state as well as the ability to modify them. For example, we expose the list of W3WP processes running (Worker processes) and what I think is really cool, we even expose the list of requests currently running. Stopping a Web Site
ServerManager iisManager = new ServerManager();
iisManager.Sites["NewSite"].Stop();

Recyciling an Application Pool
ServerManager iisManager = new ServerManager();
iisManager.ApplicationPools["DefaultAppPool"].Recycle();

Getting the list of executing requests
ServerManager iisManager = new ServerManager();
foreach
(WorkerProcess w3wp in iisManager.WorkerProcesses) {
    Console.WriteLine(
"W3WP ({0})", w3wp.ProcessId);
            
    foreach 
(Request request in w3wp.GetRequests(0)) {
        Console.WriteLine(
"{0} - {1},{2},{3}",
                    request.Url,
                    request.ClientIPAddr,
                    request.TimeElapsed,
                    request.TimeInState)
;
    
}
}
Another big thing on this API is the ability to edit the “.config” files using a simple API, this includes the ability of modifying the main applicationHost.config file from IIS, web.config files from asp.net as well as machine.config and other config files (such as administration.config). However I will talk about them in a future post.