I just wanted to make sure you did not miss this article describing a mechanism to pause asynchronous processing. Just like the article state that this came out of a problem encountered in the UI World I think this is something I would not expect to see a lot outside the UI world. But it could be used for processing items in a work-flow at different priorities; i.e. pausing less important work in favor of more important work.
And when you're done reading about the PauseToken you should definitely read this one with some common problems people encounter.