Build a Hybrid App for Windows Phone 8 using appMobi

Build a Hybrid App for Windows Phone 8 using appMobi

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Via Davedev.net

 

appmobi_logo_highres HTML5

If you’re a web developer focused on HTML5 like me then chances are you’ve looked into how to port your web apps to one of the App Marketplaces out there.  I recently sat down with appMobi’s Developer Evangelist, Andrew Smith, to chat about how Web Developers can create Hybrid Apps which run on iOS, Android and Windows.  Due to the popularity of that interview I’ve asked Andrew to guest post here on how you can get started!

Via Andrew…

Smartphones running mobile apps are spreading quickly, just like Websites did in the 90’s. However, in order to have your software in the mobile app stores developers need to create native apps written in the programming language of the particular operating system. Rather than writing the same application over and over so your app can run on all smartphones, wouldn’t it be great if your current Web developers could build your application once but allow you to deploy it to a variety of devices? Perhaps appMobi is the answer.

What is a Hybrid Mobile App?

The key to creating a mobile app that is written once but runs anywhere is the concept of the hybrid mobile app. These apps are called “hybrid” apps because they are native apps that are coded using the exact same technologies that power the World Wide Web.

Native applications are written specifically for a particular operating system of the device it is meant to run on. That would be xCode/Objective C for iOS, Eclipse/Java for Android, and Visual C# or Visual Basic for Windows Phone 8. There is no native universal programming language for all device platforms.

appmobi-xdkOn the other hand, mobile Web apps are server-side apps that run within a smartphone’s Web browser. They use Web technologies such as HTML5, JavaScript, and CSS3. However, these applications are not available from the smartphones’ app stores since they are downloaded from the Web.

 

 

Hybrid apps are a marriage of these two technologies. Like a native app a hybrid app runs natively on the device and are distributed through the smartphones’ distinctive app stores. However, these apps are coded using Web technologies rendered locally on the device so it does not require an Internet connection. Furthermore a Web to native abstraction layer gives the hybrid app access to device capabilities that are not accessible to mobile Web applications such as the accelerometer, contacts database, and camera.

Web Developers Can Use appMobi to Create Hybrid Apps

Using appMobi, you can create apps using Web technologies that you are already familiar with. The appMobi XDK tool can be used as a simulator to test how your app will look on a variety of devices and interact with the device’s native features such as the camera and accelerometer using the appMobi JavaScript API.

 

 

Then using the appMobi XDK you can see how your application would look on a variety of devices. Once you like the app on the emulator, load it on an actual smartphone using the appMobi “test anywhere” feature. Use this tool to create a project “bundle”, a folder including all the HTML, JavaScript, CSS, image, video, audio, and other supporting Web technology files that will be built into the native apps.

Create Your Project Bundle

Building a hybrid native app is just like building a mobile Web app, except that the code is built into a binary at the end for submission to the appropriate application stores. Using the appMobi appHub build system, your project bundle – all the files used to create the application including HTML, JavaScript, images, videos, CSS – is automatically compiled into a binary for you. No need to buy a Mac and learn XCode to create iOS apps. Don’t bother installing Eclipse and learning Java programming techniques to create an Android app. The appMobi appHub build system does all that for you.

Platform_Devices_Windows 

 

With the advent of Windows Phone 8, the appMobi appHub will soon include the capability of creating a native application for a Windows smartphone as well. Meanwhile, you can follow these easy steps to create your very own Windows Phone 8 application using the free tools Microsoft has provided.

 

Decide what you want your app to do, and build it using the tools you are already familiar with. Consider using the appMobi XDK to test any calls to the appMobi JavaScript Bridge API, or see how your bundle will appear on a variety of devices.

 

 

Build For Windows Phone 8

Once you have an app project bundle finished, it is time to build it for Windows Phone 8. To build an appMobi application as a hybrid Windows Phone 8 app, you’ll need to install Visual Studio Express 2012 for Windows Phone on a Windows 8 PRO computer. The Windows 8 PRO operating system is key since The Windows Phone 8 emulator relies on Windows 8 Professional, so be sure you have the appropriate operating system before getting started.

 

 

 

 

 

First create a Windows Phone 8 project in Visual Studio. Start Visual Studio for Windows Phone and select New and then Project. On the New Project setup screen, create a Windows Phone App using Visual C#. Supply a name for the project and select OK. This will create your new project.

Project

 

Select the Windows Phone 8 operating system. Click OK to continue.

 

WP8

Once you have a project prepared, you will want to install one of appMobi’s Windows Phone 8 templates from NuGet to transform your empty new project into an appMobi application project. To install one of the appMobi templates visit:

http://nuget.org/packages?q=appMobi

Consider trying one of the specialized templates another time, but just for the purposes of creating a Windows Phone 8 build you’ll want to stick with a simple template. Select the appMobi Windows Phone 8 Hello World template.

HTML5 Hello World

 

Click on the template and find the install command. Copy the Install-Package command to your clipboard. Do not include the PM> prompt portion.

NuGet

 

Return to Visual Studio and open the Package Manager window by selecting View > Other Windows > Package Manager Console. Paste the Install-Package command on your clipboard into the Package Manager Console and press the Enter key.

PM Console

 

After successfully installing the package, you will note that the Solution Explorer window updates to include an “html” folder and other specific “appMobiPage” files. You will also notice that a readme.txt file is displayed in the VS edit window. This file contains information about the contents of the template, and how to use it. Continue with those instructions, or follow the next few steps here.

To bind the project to the appMobi template selected, you will need to modify the WMAppManifext.xml file loaded at project creation. This file can be found in the Properties directory. In the editor window for the WMAppManifest.xml file, you will need to update the Navigation Page field value.

Nav Page

 

Change the Navigation Page value to “AppMobiPage.xaml” and then save the file.

 

appMobi Page

 

Now you’ll want to import the appMobi project bundle into your newly created project. Copy all the files in the bundle with the exception of the files in the “_appMobi” directory. Paste all those files into the “html” directory of your Visual Studio project in the Solution Explorer.

Once your project bundle is in position, you’ll need to identify which files you want included in the build. Make sure to reference all the files you use for your project bundle in AppMobiWebSource.xml.

appmobi source

 

At this point, you are now ready to start developing and debugging your application in the Windows Phone 8 environment. Use the WP8 emulator within Visual Studio to aid with device debugging.

For More Information

So you want to get started? Head to the Chrome Web Store to grab the XDK, and download Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 for Windows Phone 8.  

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  • Thanks for posting this... very helpful.

  • Hi,

    First off good article in terms of ease of understanding but it didn't worked.

    I followed this article to convert my existing AppMobi project which works fine for ios and android, into

    windows phone 8 App, but didn't worked. Its giving me some unhandled string format exception right after I am calling

    $.ajax() to get json.

    Some one suggested me to use WinJS.xhr but I dont see many examples on web for that.

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