How often does authorization occur?

Authorization is typically scoped to either messages or sessions. When authorization is scoped to messages, then an authorization request occurs each time a message is sent. When authorization is scoped to sessions, then an authorization request occurs at the start of the session and all of the messages that are transmitted on the session share the authorization outcome. The exact timing of the authorization request can vary depending on whether authorization happens when open is called on the channel or when send is called on the channel for the first time.

You can only have authorization scoped to sessions if you have a sessionful channel that incorporates session-based security. TCP is an example of a transport channel that is sessionful and supports session-based security through SSL. Message security is an example of a layered channel that is sessionful and supports session-based security through conversation mechanisms. There are many other channels that are either secure or sessionful but don't have session-based security.

Next time: Sharing Contracts Across Services