Rick Minerich (@rickasaurus) of Bayard Rock has implemented an F# Type Provider for MATLAB (TM). A GitHub home page for the project is also available. He would like people familiar with F# and/or MATLAB to use the type provider and give him feedback on it! My understanding is that you can use an evaluation copy of MATLAB to do this if you don't have one already. The project is open source on GitHub and actively seeking contributors.
The aim is to enable similar interoperability as that achieved by the F# Type Provider for R, which allows access to thousands of R statistical packages directly from F#. This project is also open source and you are encouraged to contribute to it. You can see a sample of the F# Type Provider for R in the blog post Visualize WorldBank data with R and F# Type Providers.