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July, 2011 - Education - Site Home - MSDN Blogs
The Australian Education Blog
Ray Fleming's take on what's interesting in Education IT in Australia

July, 2011

  • Education

    The 5 factors which affect school performance


    imageAs I mentioned on Friday, I’m currently reading “School performance in Australia: results from analyses of school effectiveness”, a research report published in 2004.

    When the report starts to take a look at the comparisons between secondary schools, using the main data sets that they have available for school-level analysis, there are five factors which they isolate as being key ones. In the statistical analysis, they call these the ‘control variables’, but they key message is that these are the five things external which have a big impact on the attainment of students. If you remove the influence of these from school-level analysis, you can then analyse the difference in performance between secondary schools more effectively.

    The 5 factors which affect school performance

    1. Previous student attainment (through GAT scores)
    2. Socio Economic Status of the student intake
    3. School size, based on number of students
    4. Rural/Urban location
    5. School sector - Public, Private or Catholic

    Why are these the key underlying 5 factors which affect school performance?

    1. Previous student attainment (in Victoria they use GAT scores to measure this)
      This is used to ensure that you are measuring the ‘value added’ to students’ performance, not just their final achievement
    2. Socio Economic Status of the student intake
      This is used to remove bias from a school being in a particular area which may affect it’s student intake. For example, if a school is located in an area with a higher proportion of social housing, statistically the students are likely to be less engaged with education (eg higher absence rates), with less well educated parents.
    3. School size, based on number of students
      OECD research quoted in the report shows that as school size falls below 1,000 students, average student attainment falls too
    4. Rural/Urban location
      Research shows that this is an important influencer of school performance within Australia
    5. School sector - Public, Private or Catholic
      When you don’t take this factor into account, then the analysis of school performance tends to show schools grouping into three bands, representing the different sectors.

    By taking these factors into account when looking at school performance, you are able to get a better idea of how each school is performing compared to other schools, and a better idea of the ‘value added’ to individual students. (You can read much more about this from page 28 of the report. You’ll also see on Page 29, that they used a different set of factors for primary schools, which included density of indigenous students and transient families).

    The question I have in my mind now is:

    If you are a school leader in Australia, do you have the right performance data available, in your analysis systems, to allow for these 5 key factors? Do the reports that you receive help you to allow for these factors?

    Learn MoreRead the full 'School Performance in Australia' report


    NB I know that there will be readers who will see this as an over-simplification of the analysis. My aim isn’t to reinterpret it, but simply to share what I’m understanding as I’m reading it. And I’m sure you’ll correct me if I’m wrong - either by adding a comment below or hitting the ‘Email Blog Author’ link at the top right.

  • Education

    Ten of the best - SharePoint University websites


    After the list of school websites built on SharePoint from earlier in the week, here’s another handy (and subjective!) list of Ten University SharePoint websites. These websites are all public facing, and by building them on SharePoint, it means the universities can manage the content in exactly the same way as they manage their other resources - and use SharePoint’s workflow to manage the publishing process. But enough of the SharePoint Content Management story - let’s get down to the pictures:

    Click on any of the images to link to the live website

    1. Northern State University, USA
      Northern State University website

    2. Saïd Business School – University of Oxford, UK 
      Saïd Business School – University of Oxford

    3. Coventry University, UK 
      Coventry University

    4. University College London Hospitals, UK 
      University College London Hospitals

    5. Harvard Business School Executive Education, USA 
      Harvard Business School Executive Education

    6. Furman University, USA 
      Furman University

    7. University of Wales, Newport, UK
      University of Wales

    8. The University of Colorado Denver Business School, USA 
      University of Colorado

    9. Chalmers University, Sweden
      Chalmers University

    10. Washington University in St. Louis - Olin Business School, USA

    Learn MoreDownload the PowerPoint versions of Top 10 University SharePoint websites

  • Education

    Ten of the best - SharePoint School websites


    A colleague asked me to recommend some school websites built on SharePoint, that they could share with others. After I’d finished it for him, I thought I’d pop it into a PowerPoint for others - and then go further by popping up a quick blog post too. Here’s my take on 10 School SharePoint websites that are worth looking at for design ideas and inspiration - or simply because you want to nudge another colleague towards seeing that SharePoint beauty can start at skin deep.

    Click on any of them to link to the live website

    1. Twynham School Sixth Form, Christchurch, UK

    2. John Paul College, Queensland, Australia

    3. Victoria Department of Education’s FUSE site

    4. West Hatch High School, Essex, UK

    5. Hale School, Western Australia

    6. Wootton Bassett School, Wiltshire, UK

    7. Brigidine College, New South Wales, Australia

    8. Brookfields Specialist SEN School, Berkshire, UK

    9. Florida Virtual School, USA

    10. Twynham School Sixth Form, Christchurch, Dorset

      Note: The reason I listed this twice isn’t me cheating - I simply wanted to make sure that you saw their amazing interactive curriculum pages, and I know you’d kick yourself if you hadn’t seen it at No.1

    Learn MoreDownload the PowerPoint version of Top 10 School SharePoint websites

  • Education

    What factors influence school performance in Australia?


    imageI am halfway through reading “School performance in Australia: results from analyses of school effectiveness”, a research report published in 2004. It looked at the performance of Victorian schools, as part of the Shared Future project. Although the report dates from 2004, almost all of the data and findings are still absolutely relevant today.

    As I’ve been reading it, I’ve been looking for snippets of information that would be relevant and useful for a leader/teacher in an individual school. Here’s some of those:

    • Teachers who are more satisfied with their jobs produce better results (Page x)
    • Where teachers rely more often on traditional teaching methods the results are lower (Page x)
    • High performing schools adopt policies facilitating student engagement…such as extra-curricular programmes and student support (Page xi)
    • There is no relationship between school expenditure and school performance - although there’s a note that later analysis showed there may be ‘some positive effect’ (Page 6)
    • Smaller schools perform worse in international reading tests (Page 12)

    So, if you want to raise standards in your school, the data says that having more satisfied teachers, with innovative teaching practice, and extra-curriculum programmes will make a difference. And that is even more critical to do if you are from a small school.

    The other thing that surprised me is that students’ socio-economic status has a direct link to school absence (Page 20), which is interesting, but perhaps something that individual school leaders can do much about directly?

    The Executive Summary has a list of key findings which are interesting at a system level, but probably less useful to an individual school seeking to improve learning (mainly because they are factors which they have little control over), but here they are, for completeness:

    • Performance in schools is strongly linked to student background
    • Australian students are highly segregated along social and academic lines
    • Segregation of students tends to intensify between-school differences in student outcomes
    • Schools differ in effectiveness
    • Effective schools are found in both the government and non-government sectors
    • Some schools consistently perform well
    • Effectiveness extends beyond cognitive outcomes
    • Some school factors help raise performance

    Learn MoreRead the full 'School Performance in Australia' report

  • Education

    International students in Higher Education in Australia


    There are three big sources of revenue for Australian universities - Australian students, international students and research. The balance between all of these revenue sources is interdependent:

    • Funding from students typically subsidises research work
    • Universities charge international students up to three times as much as Australian students (which can be used to subsidise research and local students)
    • Numbers of Australian students are limited by government targets and funding limits (although that changes next year)

    When you’re dealing with universities, it’s good to know what’s going on with each of these funding streams. About 22% of revenue comes from research grants, and a further 18% comes from international students (although in some universities, this can be up to 30%) - that’s over $4 billion.

    Deloitte have just finished a report, paid for by Universities Australia (the body representing 39 Australian universities) which looks at the effects of changes in international student numbers. Of course, it may not be entirely unbiased - with education being a major export (third largest) for Australia, there’s an agenda here about ensuring the government support increasing international students. But it does contain some interesting reference points:

    • In 2010 there was a slowing in the growth in international students, following tighter visa rules, the stronger Australian dollar, attacks on international students and more international competition for students.
    • The forecast for 2011 is a fall in new international students of 23%, resulting in a drop of 3.2% in overall international students
    • Further ahead, 2012 is forecast to be another weak year, and then growth returns after 2012
    • The impact of all of this is a reduction in revenue for universities of half a billion dollars a year

    Learn MoreRead the full Deloitte Report ‘Broader implications from a downturn in international students

    Read ‘Lost international student enrolments may cost Australia billions’ on The Conversation

  • Education

    Energy efficient university data centres in Australia


    Reading last week’s Campus Review, there’s an article about the cost of energy, the impact on Australian universities and the fact that computing is a large element of their university electricity usage:


    Power bills to force an IT re-think

    If electricity prices surge post-carbon tax, universities could face huge extra cost burdens because computing is a prime suspect when it comes to sucking up power.


    The article quoted some statistics - like 7.1% of electricity consumption in Australia is by computers - and then went on to say that up to half of universities’ power bills might be for IT. This is because of the large fleets of computers on campus, and their associated datacentres. The other statistic that caught my eye was that the average Australian university data centre has a PUE (Power Usage Effectiveness) rating of 1.9 - which means that for nearly every $1 spent on running the servers, there’s another $1 spent on electricity that’s ‘lost’ - in cooling, inefficient energy design, lighting etc.

    The lower the PUE, the more effective data centre is (a PUE of 1.5 means you’re only ‘wasting’ an additional 50 cents for every $1 of computer power). So, if we’re building data centres in the Cloud to run services like Windows Azure, how can anybody afford to keep them running?

    Inside a datacenter

    We have a team, called Microsoft Global Foundation Services, who have the job of building clouds. Or at least, building ‘the Cloud’ – they design, build, run and support our global data centres which are at the hub of all of our cloud services. Our nearest datacentre to Australia is in Singapore. I don’t know about the Singapore one, but the Chicago one is 65,000 square metres - about 10 football fields.

    Obviously, at the rate we’re building these data centres, and the huge cost involved, there’s a constant journey to work out how to make the data centres increasingly efficient – especially because of their energy usage, which is a huge part of the cost of running a data centre.

    Now, some of the lessons we’ve learnt aren’t things you can apply in your university server rooms easily (like cleaning the roof and painting it white, which reduces cooling cost), and playing around with the wall positioning to improve air flow. Having said they aren’t things you could easily do, that’s probably wrong - you could paint the roof white if you could cost justify it?

    However, some of the things that have been learnt could be of use to you, and help you to reduce your carbon emissions and running costs – like making a trade-off in processor performance to achieve the most efficient Performance per Watt per dollar (which is one reflection of the true cost of providing a server service). We’ve also made adjustments to the temperature servers are cooled to – and switching to using more free air cooling to replace air conditioning. And we’ve even experimented by operating servers outside under a tent. The Microsoft data centres were quoted as already hitting a PUE of 1.22 in 2008.

    Front Cover - Download the Energy efficient datacentres reportThe good news is that as we do this work, we publish it in a consumable format. If you’re interested in how to help reduce your server running costs, or in what we’re doing when we’re building massive data centres, then I can recommend “A Holistic Approach to Energy Efficiency in Datacentres” from the Microsoft Global Foundation Services team.

    There is also a lot of detail about different projects going on to look at energy efficient computing, within data centres and elsewhere, on our website. Some of the research up there is around Cloud Computing futures, data centre monitoring and optimisation, reducing disk energy consumption, universal parallel computing and power aware developer tools.

    And finally, if your interest knows no boundaries, then you might be interested in the MS Datacenters blog, which tells the story of how we’ve grown our data centres around the world over the last few years, and shares some more of the lessons we’ve learnt.

    Hopefully, there are some lessons which will help you to deliver more energy efficiency - and save money - in an Australian university data centre.

  • Education

    How to make a beautiful school SharePoint site


    Last week ago I shared my list of “10 of the best school websites on Sharepoint”. And the opinion around the office was that the Twynham School Sixth Form website was the most astonishing one (in fact, half a dozen times I was asked by Microsoft colleagues “Are you sure that was done in SharePoint?”).

    My colleague, Ben Nunney, who’s an ex-teacher, paid it a massive compliment when he said on Twitter “I know I'm too old to go back to school, but if I could I'd go here - PURELY based on their amazing website

    Mike Herrity from Twynham School talks on his SharePoint in Education blog about all of the things that they’re doing with ICT in his school, and it makes a useful resource if you’re thinking of doing some SharePoint work yourself.

    Twynham School's VI Form website

    He also wrote a series of short articles about how they have created the Sixth Form site, which were published on his blog. The series actually walks through the whole process, and describes the challenges (including the need to convince the Leadership Team in the school that you can make a good looking site in SharePoint).

    If you are in any way involved in using SharePoint in a school, I think it is a must read series, either for you, or for whoever is providing/developing your SharePoint.

    How to build a SharePoint website for a school

    Learn More icon

    The whole series, and a lot of extra detail, is also available in the Twynham School Learning Gateway 2007-2010 ebook

  • Education

    Get the Education blog on your Windows Phone 7


    imageI have to admit, I thought my days of programming were behind me. But thanks to AppMakr and the Windows Phone 7 App Hub, I’m reliving the heady days of my first job (whilst in Sixth Form) of being a programmer. And I’ve created a free app that gives you this Education blog on your Windows Phone 7, along with the live feed of the worldwide Microsoft Education case studies, and direct access to the official press release news stream we provide for journalists.

    It’s my first app for 20 years, and was published on the Windows Phone 7 Marketplace on Friday night. The experience of creating the app was pretty smooth - mainly because I was aiming to bring together a series of existing RSS feeds. In fact, the most time consuming part was creating all of the graphics needed - the WP7 tiles in 3 sizes, the splash screen, a header graphic, and the screen shots needed for the marketplace. But once they were all in place, it was pretty seamless.

    If you’ve got a Windows Phone, then hopefully this makes keeping in touch with education blog news easier - as well as connecting you to the education case studies that are published on the worldwide Microsoft Case Studies website.


    To get the free app on your phone, you can either use this link [Australian Education Partner Blog] or search for ‘Education Blog’ in the Marketplace on your Windows Phone.

  • Education

    Sink your teeth into the Private Cloud at Tech Ed Australia



    At the end of August, we’re holding the Microsoft Australian Partner Conference (APC) and the Australian Tech·Ed Conference. They are both key ways to keep up to date with what’s going on today, and what’s coming up - APC is perfect for non-technical staff whereas Tech·Ed is the perfect geek fest.

    There will be a big focus on the Private Cloud at Tech·Ed this year, as well as some of the product launches just around the corner - such as the new version of SQL Server.

    Private Cloud at Tech·Ed 2011

    As the demand for technical professionals who understand Private Cloud, including cloud implementation and development grows, it’s important to stay on top of the latest advancements – and nothing equips you to do this like Tech·Ed 2011.

    A recent Gartner report identified Microsoft as a leader in the Virtualisation market, and at Tech·Ed 2011, you’ll learn Microsoft’s overall Virtualisation strategy, key strengths and where the future is headed.

    imageHowever, Virtualisation is just the start on the journey to Cloud Computing. Tech·Ed will help you to discover how Microsoft offers the simplest path to building a Private Cloud, using the infrastructure you are already familiar with.

    You could also walk away from Tech·Ed 2011 with new industry certifications in Virtualisation – the key skills you need to help your organisation and your customers build a Private Cloud and to help yourself, by increasing your professional value.

    Last year Tech·Ed sold out – so I’d recommend that you don’t delay.


    * Academic customers get a special ticket price of $1,680 inc GST - more about this on the Tech·Ed site
  • Education

    The value of the Microsoft Australia Partner Conference for education partners


    APC Logo

    I’ve mentioned the Australian Partner Conference before, but it’s now less than a month away (it runs for three days in the Gold Coast from 23 - 25 August 2011). If you haven’t yet booked your place (or if you have and want to make the best of it), then here are some additional thoughts on specific opportunities for our partners in the Education market.

    Meet key members of the Microsoft Australia team

    During the three days, you’ll be able to meet up with some of the key individuals that work in our Education business, including our brand new Microsoft Australia Education Director. It will be possible to arrange meetings with them - just drop me an email to let me know you’d like to schedule a time

    imageGeorge Stavrakakis is the Microsoft Australia Education Director, having replaced Craig Foster at the beginning of July (Craig moved up to become Microsoft Australia’s Enterprise and Partner Director). George has overall responsibility for all of our education business and programmes, including both our sales team and our educational programmes such as the Partners in Learning initiative.
    imageMark Kenny is our National Sales manager for our large education customers - including all of our state education business (with each of the 8 key states) for 6,752 schools and 60 TAFEs within the government sector, and the university sector. Of course, Mark doesn’t do this all himself - his team covers individual states, plus a team that cover the 42 universities nationally.
    Ken RankinsKen Rankins is our National Sales manager for all 2,815 private and Catholic schools. His team work with the larger schools individually, as well as with the peak bodies for the Catholic schools.

    Sessions in the 2011 APC Agenda for Education partners

    As well as the general sessions, there are two specific sessions covering the education market in depth, on Thursday 25 August.

    Quick Wins in the $3BN Education IT market in Australia

    Education is a deep user of technology, with a huge installed base, and a large investment plan for technology-supported learning. In this session, we will hear from education customers about their investment priorities. We’ll also map Microsoft’s products and solutions into this, to see where the revenue, profitability and services effectiveness potential is. We’ll also look at case studies to forecast future market opportunities within the Australian market.
    11AM - Thursday 25 August

    From desktop to Cloud – the changing face of your future education business

    Analysts highlight education as one of the early adopters of Cloud services, and the Australian market is leading the changes worldwide. We’ll look at the changes of ICT use in education – at the desktop, on students’ devices and in the infrastructure. What does that mean for you? And what is the impact upon your revenue, profitability and sales model? This session will help you to understand how it affects your business, and what opportunities it opens.
    12PM - Thursday 25 August

    When you book your APC places on the registration site, you’ll be able to reserve these sessions, so that you can plan the rest of your schedule around them. For the full APC agenda, download the full detail of the APC 2011 Track Sessions here.

    APC Logo

    Find out more on the rest of the APC 2011 agenda, and how to register

    Don’t forget if you’re a Gold or Silver Competency Partner, then you get your first ticket free, saving you up to $1,496.

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