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The 5 factors which affect school performance

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The 5 factors which affect school performance

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imageAs I mentioned on Friday, I’m currently reading “School performance in Australia: results from analyses of school effectiveness”, a research report published in 2004.

When the report starts to take a look at the comparisons between secondary schools, using the main data sets that they have available for school-level analysis, there are five factors which they isolate as being key ones. In the statistical analysis, they call these the ‘control variables’, but they key message is that these are the five things external which have a big impact on the attainment of students. If you remove the influence of these from school-level analysis, you can then analyse the difference in performance between secondary schools more effectively.

The 5 factors which affect school performance

  1. Previous student attainment (through GAT scores)
  2. Socio Economic Status of the student intake
  3. School size, based on number of students
  4. Rural/Urban location
  5. School sector - Public, Private or Catholic

Why are these the key underlying 5 factors which affect school performance?

  1. Previous student attainment (in Victoria they use GAT scores to measure this)
    This is used to ensure that you are measuring the ‘value added’ to students’ performance, not just their final achievement
  2. Socio Economic Status of the student intake
    This is used to remove bias from a school being in a particular area which may affect it’s student intake. For example, if a school is located in an area with a higher proportion of social housing, statistically the students are likely to be less engaged with education (eg higher absence rates), with less well educated parents.
  3. School size, based on number of students
    OECD research quoted in the report shows that as school size falls below 1,000 students, average student attainment falls too
  4. Rural/Urban location
    Research shows that this is an important influencer of school performance within Australia
  5. School sector - Public, Private or Catholic
    When you don’t take this factor into account, then the analysis of school performance tends to show schools grouping into three bands, representing the different sectors.

By taking these factors into account when looking at school performance, you are able to get a better idea of how each school is performing compared to other schools, and a better idea of the ‘value added’ to individual students. (You can read much more about this from page 28 of the report. You’ll also see on Page 29, that they used a different set of factors for primary schools, which included density of indigenous students and transient families).

The question I have in my mind now is:

If you are a school leader in Australia, do you have the right performance data available, in your analysis systems, to allow for these 5 key factors? Do the reports that you receive help you to allow for these factors?

Learn MoreRead the full 'School Performance in Australia' report


NB I know that there will be readers who will see this as an over-simplification of the analysis. My aim isn’t to reinterpret it, but simply to share what I’m understanding as I’m reading it. And I’m sure you’ll correct me if I’m wrong - either by adding a comment below or hitting the ‘Email Blog Author’ link at the top right.

  • lack of cooperation between parents and  teachers

  • most learning particularly for primary school children occurs at home and school is just there to fill the gap between 9-3 when parents have to work. Perhaps we should focus of improving patents educational skills or at least give them the concept of supporting their childres education rather than throwing billions of schools Did your analysis includes students inate learning needs/motivation?

  • envirmental factor

  • Yes this are among the factors but there are:- teacher related factors and school adminstrators factors

  • lack of self confidence

  • teachers practices of instruction is also one of the contributory factor

  • lack of instructors of academic college

  • its worthy to say that even the nature oft the leaner matters alot

  • Students motivation might be a factor, although teacher willingness plays an important role; teacher willingness could be affected by teacher remuneration and the general socio-economy.

  • lack of cooperation between parents and teachers in most of the RURAL areas

  • socio-economic status affects children's performance in schools. many rural talents do not get proper ex-poser to modern development of the society.

  • peer pressure may also affect the school environment of a student

  • economic status can really affects the  students performance in schools.

  • Lack of self confidence and poverty also affects

    religious beliefs

  • yes,it is true because many people are lack of education but there people to interested also.

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