Controlling Selection with CSS user-select


Windows Internet Explorer Engineering Team Blog

Controlling Selection with CSS user-select

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IE10 Platform Preview 4 includes support for a new CSS property, -ms-user-select, which makes it easier for Web developers to control exactly what text can be selected on their Web sites. If you were to watch me all day at my workstation, you would notice that as I read on the computer, I select text. I’m not the only one who reads like this; selecting text on the Internet is important in many other scenarios.

Consider a typical news Web site. Most pages will include a news article, the contents of which the user needs to be able to select because they read by selecting text or because they want to share the content. Also on the news Web page there are some menus and links to other parts of the site. Users likely don’t need to select these items. Using -ms-user-select, the Web developer can specify that text selection is allowed in the news article but not allowed in the menus.

The IE Test Drive site includes an example that does this.

Screen shot of the user-select Test Drive demo showing one possible markup pattern of -ms-user-select.

Setting -ms-user-select:none on the entire page and then setting -ms-user-select:element on the element containing the blog post allows only the contents of the blog post to be selected. -ms-user-select:element is a new property first introduced by IE which we think could be useful in many situations. Setting -ms-user-select:element means that the user can select the text of that element, however, the selection will be constrained to the bounds of the element. People who want to select the contents of a news article probably don’t want to select the footer elements just past the article. Setting -ms-user-select:element makes it easy for users to just select the contents of the article without having to worry about getting the mouse placement exactly correct.

-ms-user-select accepts four values:

  • text – the text is selectable
  • element – the text is selectable, constrained to the bounds of the element
  • none – the text is not selectable
  • auto – if the element contains editable text such as an input element or contenteditable element, the text is selectable. Otherwise selection is determined by the parent node’s value.

auto is the default value for -ms-user-select.

A developer can turn off text selection by setting -ms-user-select to none. In IE, when text is set to -ms-user-select:none, the user will not be able to start a selection within that block of text. However, if the user started selecting text on a different area of the page, the selection would continue into any area of the page including areas where -ms-user-select is none. In Firefox, if the developer sets –moz-user-select:none then selections can’t start in that area and also can’t be included in any other selection. In Webkit, setting –webkit-user-select:none will make it appear as if that the text is not included in the selection, however if you copy and paste the content, you will see that the content is included in the selection.

user-select was originally proposed in the User Interface for CSS3 module; this module has since been superseded by CSS3 Basic User Interface Module, yet it does not define the property. Both Mozilla and Webkit support their own prefixed versions of this property. However, as discussed above, there are some differences in the implementations.

Play around with the examples on the IE Test Drive site and let us know what you think.

—Sharon Newman, Program Manager, Internet Explorer

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