Creating Files through BlobBuilder

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Creating Files through BlobBuilder

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As Web sites transition more and more into Web applications, working with files in meaningful ways is becoming increasingly important. Starting with Platform Preview 2, IE10 includes support for the File API, enabling developers to read and slice files on the client. Platform Preview 4 adds support for BlobBuilder, a way for developers to create new files. IE10 also has two new methods that allow the user to save blobs to their computer, enabling great end-to-end experiences when working with client-resident data.

Over on the IE Test Drive, we have a fun piano demo showing off BlobBuilder and File API capabilities. When you press notes on the piano, the site constructs two files: an mp3 music file and an SVG file of the musical score. You can see how the size of both files change each time you press a note. Press the play button to listen to your song, or download either the music file or the SVG score file by pressing the links just above the piano keys. In the rest of this blog post I’ll go through how the demo works, focusing on the capabilities of BlobBuilder and File API.

Screen shot of the BlobBuilder piano-playing Test Drive demo.

BlobBuilder Capabilities

BlobBuilder, like the name implies, is a way to build blobs on the client. The main method to do this is append. The append function accepts three data types:

  • Blob objects
  • Plain text
  • Array Buffers

The piano demo creates the mp3 file by appending blobs together, using one blob for each note. The demo creates the SVG file of the musical score by appending text that contains the SVG source.

getBlob is another method available on the BlobBuilder object which returns a blob object containing all the items previously appended. Here is a very simple example that uses BlobBuilder to create a text file:

// The BlobBuilder constructor is prefixed in all browsers.

// Use MSBlobBuilder in IE, MozBlobBuilder in Firefox, and WebKitBlobBuilder in WebKit-based browsers.

var bb = new MSBlobBuilder();

 

bb.append("Hello World!");

var blob1 = bb.getBlob("text/plain");

One thing to note about the getBlob method is that when you call getBlob in IE10 and Firefox, it will clear out the contents of the BlobBuilder object, so the next time you call append it will be as if you were appending into a new BlobBuilder object. WebKit does not currently clear out the contents of the BlobBuilder after calling getBlob. Consider this example:

var bb = new MSBlobBuilder();

bb.append("Hello World!");

var blob1 = bb.getBlob("text/plain");

bb.append("BlobBuilder is great");

var blob2 = bb.getBlob("text/plain");

In all browsers, blob1 will contain the text “Hello World!”. However, blob2 will be different. In IE10 and Firefox, blob2 will contain the text “BlobBuilder is great” while in WebKit-based browsers it will contain the text “Hello World!BlobBuilder is great”. This discrepancy is still under discussion in the Web Applications working group.

Getting Blobs via XHR

The File API makes it easy to access files selected by the user, something I demonstrated in the Magnetic Poetry demo. This is great when you want to incorporate the users own data into your site. However, in the piano demo, I needed the note files to be built into the demo. When you want to work with blobs but you want to supply the data, you can use XHR.

New to IE10 is the XHR responseType property. The responseType property supports four values: blob, array buffer, text, and document. In the piano demo’s initialization method - getBlobs() - you’ll see the following:

var req = new XMLHttpRequest();

var url = 'PianoNotes/AllNotes2.mp3';

req.open('GET', url, false);

req.responseType = "blob";

req.onload = function () { /* ... */ };

req.send(null);

One thing you may notice is that the demo only makes a single XHR request. It only downloads one file which contains all the notes used in the demo. However, when you press a key in the demo, only a single note plays and the site appends only a single note to the mp3 file. To make that work, after downloading the file containing all the notes, the site slices the file using the File API slice method and extracts 24 individual notes. This is a great performance savings versus having to download 24 individual files.

Creating the Music File

Once I have a blob for each note in the demo, creating the mp3 file is easy. Each time you press a key I call:

musicBlobBuilder.append(noteBlob);

In order to update the file size, I get the blob and then get the file size.

var musicBlob = musicBlobBuilder.getBlob("audio/mp3");

// display musicBlob.size

Lastly because I know that the BlobBuilder object was cleared out when I called getBlob I just append the blob back in:

musicBlobBuilder.append(musicBlob);

Creating the SVG File

Each time you press a key in the demo, you see a note added to the musical score. The musical score is drawn by a single SVG element contained within a div with an id of “scoreContainer.” Each time you press a key, script runs which adds a note to the SVG element and then the SVG file is created by appending the source:

svgBlobBuilder.append(document.getElementById("scoreContainer").innerHTML);

var svgBlob = svgBlobBuilder.getBlob("image/svg+xml");

// display svgBlob.size

In this case, I don’t refill the svgBlobBuilder because I want to start with a clean slate the next time the user presses a key.

Saving Files to Disk

The last part of the demo is saving the files to disk. When you press the “Music File” and “Musical Score File” links on top of the piano keys you will be able to save the file though an experience that feels just like downloading a file:

Notification Bar shown in IE10 in response to a call to msOpenOrSaveBlog().

Note that the notification bar is not available in the Platform Previews. Instead, a save dialog is presented.

Each link calls either saveSong() or saveSheetMusic(). Looking into each of these methods will reveal that they use the msSaveOrOpenBlob function:

window.navigator.msSaveOrOpenBlob(svgBlob, "MusicScore.svg");

msSaveOrOpenBlob and msSaveBlob are two methods available in IE10 which let sites ask the user to save a blob to their computer.

Calling msSaveOrOpenBlob will provide an option on the notification bar to open the file in addition to saving or canceling. Calling msSaveBlob only provides the option to save the file or cancel. Though these functions are not yet included in any standard, we believe they are extremely useful for writing end to end scenarios with blob data and hope that they might become a standard at some point.

Creating the Piano demo was a fun experience and I’m excited to see how you will use BlobBuilder. Let us know what you think!

—Sharon Newman, Program Manager, Internet Explorer

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