While investigating a crash during a suite run I found the stack walk included the destructor for a CComAutoCriticalSection. This is a fairly reliable class so I immediately suspected my code. I did a couple of quick checks for a double free and didn't find any. Then I looked a little closer at CComAutoCriticalSection and spotted that it doesn't redefine the standard copy and operator= constructor.
This is a red flag for any class that implements RAII. C++ will automatically define a copy/operator= for your clasess which will amount to a memcpy. This means copies of two objects will be managing the same resource. Once the second one is destroyed it will result in a double free and hopefully a crash.
I walked the hierarchy and discovered that none of the base classes redefined these methods either. After that it only took a few minutes to discover the bug. I attempt to pass the object by reference but instead ended up passing it by value.
To ensure I didn't miss any other cases of this, I added the following definition to my code base and moved all instances of CComAutoCriticalSection to point to this version.
class SafeCriticalSection : public CComAutoCriticalSection
SafeCriticalSection& operator=(const SafeCriticalSection&);