In older SharePoint versions this column was linked to the document. Since SharePoint 2010 this has been removed but unfortunately not the description for the column.

image

The Icon will still be shown as before but the click on the Icon will not open the file anymore. This behavior with SharePoint 2010 is by design. Removing the wrong text in the description is addressed for all the languages we offer for SharePoint 2010.

http://blogs.msdn.com/b/sharepoint/archive/2010/05/13/language-offerings-for-sharepoint-2010-products.aspx

Updated 31/Dec/2010

I found the following KB article and it explained a way how to get that functionality back.

2457975    SharePoint 2010: Clicking the icon in Type column is highlighting the item instead of launching the document
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-US;2457975