If you haven’t noticed, assemblies in .Net framework 2.0 have a new name attribute ProcessorArchitecture. The attribute is exposed in AssemblyName class as a property ProcessorArchitecture.
If you pay a little
more attention, you will notice that the output of gacutil.exe is
different from what Assembly.FullName says.
C:\>gacutil -l system
Microsoft (R) .NET Global Assembly Cache Utility. Version 2.0.50908.00
Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
The Global Assembly Cache contains the following assemblies:
system, Version=18.104.22.168, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089, pro
Number of items = 1
FullName: System, Version=22.214.171.124, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
Specifically, Assembly.FullName does not give you the processorArchitecture!!!
Now here is the big question: WHY?
In fact, we have made
the change to include processorArchitecture in Assembly.FullName. When
we checked in the change, it caused a massive regression. We fixed all
the breaks. But because of the scale of the break it caused, we backed
out the change, and took it to DDCC (DDCC stands for Developer Division
Compatibility Council. It is a council to review every breaking change
in Visual Studio, including .Net framework and CLR). The proposal is
rejected by DDCC, fearing it will break many applications. We tried a
few other not-so-breaking ways to introduce processorArchitecture to
the display name, but none of them is satisfactory. So we have arrived
at the current state: Assembly.FullName gives you an assembly’s display
name without processorArchitecture.
The problems we have seen with the change to include processorArchitecture in Assembly.FullName are:
I am sure people will find other problems if we had included processorArchitecture in Assembly.FullName.
But this leaves us a huge void --- There is no managed way to get the full display name of an assembly.
It is not a pleasant world. But we have to accept that.
Now if you really want to get the full display name of an assembly, you have to resort to unmanaged fusion API.
Assuming you use my Sample Managed GAC API Wrappers, you can use the following code snippet to achieve that:
String GetFullDisplayName(Assembly asm)
AssemblyName asmName = asm.GetName();
IAssemblyName fusionName = null;
int hr = 0;
// v1.0\v1.1 assembly, nothing to do here.
if (asmName.ProcessorArchitecture == ProcessorArchitecture.None)
hr = Utils.CreateAssemblyNameObject(
if (hr >= 0)
IntPtr pa = Marshal.AllocCoTaskMem(4);
hr = fusionName.SetProperty(ASM_NAME_ARCHITECTURE, pa, 4);
if (hr >=0 )
StringBuilder sDisplayName = new StringBuilder(1024);
int iLen = 1024;
hr = fusionAsmName.GetDisplayName(sDisplayName, ref iLen, (int)AssemblyNameDisplayFlags.ALL);
if (hr >= 0 )
if (hr < 0)
ASM_NAME_ARCHITECTURE is defined in fusion.h, which is part of .Net framework 2.0 SDK.