Last time we looked at the why Navigation Node Type was a key local property for terms in a term set used for navigation. That enables us to now talk about details of other managed navigation related properties for a term. I want to go into some detail on these properties as appropriate and will preface each set with a screen shot of the relevant section in the term store management tool.
Term-Driven Pages Tab w/ Navigation Node Type of Simple Link or Header
As we approach the Term-Driven Pages tab a basic understanding of cross site collection publishing (XSP) goes a very long way. That begins here with the third property. There is an overview that includes Cross Site Publishing here.
Term-Driven Pages Tab w/ Navigation Node Type of Term-Driven Pages with Friendly URL
And there you have it. Not all properties are as interpretable at first because they are based on a unique feature set for the reuse of content from different sites in the current site (XSP) with a navigation experience that can be modified easily through the term store or is designed to represent information architecture as opposed to site structure (which or may not have been representative but regardless is now largely permanent). These properties are probably just Catalog-Item target settings.
Navigation related term properties tend to be local and not shared because if tagging sets are used to build portions of multiple navigation terms sets through simple reuse or pinning then these properties being shared would brutally limit flexibility for the navigation of all except one of the webs (the one in which they are correct versus all others who share the values then that may or may be desired different).