Kirk Evans is a Microsoft Architect for the Azure Center of Excellence.
Introduction to SharePoint and Azure IaaS
Building SharePoint Apps with Windows Azure Platform as a Service
SharePoint Solutions and Architectures on Windows Azure Infrastructure Services
Understanding Authentication and Permissions with Apps for SharePoint and Office
No, we didn't directly port Mod-Rewrite to IIS7. But there is a great implementation of a URL rewriter module on IIS7 that will even let you import rewriting rules from Apache's Mode-Rewrite!
For more information, check out Bill's post on the URLRewrite Module.