You’re the hero, blasting your way through a hostile battlefield, dispatching villains right and left. You feel the power as you control your well-armed, sculpted character through the game. But there is always the nagging feeling: that avatar doesn’t really look like me. Wouldn’t it be great if you could create a fully animated 3D game character that was a recognizable version of yourself? Well, with the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and Fuse from Mixamo, you can do just that—no prior knowledge of 3D modelling required. In almost no time, you’ll have a fully armed, animated version of you, ready to insert into selected games and game engines.
The magic begins with the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor. You simply pose in front of the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor while its 1080p high-resolution camera captures six images of you: four of your body in static poses, and two of your face. With its enhanced depth sensing—up to three times greater than the original Kinect for Windows sensor—and its improved facial and body tracking, the v2 sensor captures your body in incredible, 3D detail. It tracks 25 joint positions and, with a mesh of 2,000 points, a wealth of facial detail.
You begin creating your personal 3D avatar by posing in front of the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor.
Once you have captured your image with the Kinect sensor, you simply upload it to Body Snap or a similar scanning software program, which will render it as a 3D model. This model is ready for download into an .obj file format designed for Fuse import requirements, which takes place in Body Hub, which, like Body Snap, is a product of Body Labs.
In Body Hub, your 3D model is prepared for download as an .obj file.
Next, you upload the 3D model to Fuse, where you can take advantage of more 280 “blendshapes” that you can push and pull, sculpting your 3D avatar as much as you want. You can also change your hairstyle and your coloring, as well as choose from a large assortment of clothing.
With your model imported to Fuse, you can customize its shape, hair style, and coloring.
The customization process also gives you an extensive array of wardrobe choices.
Once you’ve customized your newly scanned image, you export it to Mixamo, where it gets automatically rigged and animated. The process is so simple that it seems almost unreal. Rigging prepares your static 3D model for animation by inserting a 3D skeleton and binding it to the skin of your avatar. Normally, you would need to be a highly skilled technical director to accomplish this, but with Maximo, any gamer can rig a character. Now you’re ready to save and export your animated self into Garry’s Mod and Team Fortress 2—which are just the first two games that have community-made workflows for Fuse-created characters. Support for exporting directly from Fuse to other popular "modding" games is on the Fuse development roadmap.
On the left is a customized 3D avatar created from the scans of the gamer on the right.
The beauty of this system is not only its simplicity, but also its speed and relatively low cost. Within just minutes, you can create a fully rigged and animated 3D character. The Kinect for Windows v2 sensor costs just US$199 in the Microsoft Store, and Body Snap from Body Labs is free to download. Fuse can be purchased through Steam for $99, and includes two free auto-rigs per week.
In Mixamo, your avatar really comes to life, as auto-rigging makes it fully animated.
The speed and low cost of this system make it appealing to professional game developers and designers, too, especially since workflows exist for Unity, UDK, Unreal Engine, Source Engine, and Source Filmmaker.
Rigged and ready for action, your personal 3D avatar can be added to games and game engines, as in this shot from a game being developed with Unity.
The folks at Mixamo are committed to making character creation as easy and accessible as possible. “Mixamo’s mission is to make 3D content creation accessible for everyone, and this is another step in that direction,” says Stefano Corazza, CEO of Mixamo. “Kinect for Windows v2 and Fuse make it easier than ever for gamers and game developers to put their likeness into a game. In minutes, the 3D version of you can be running around in a 3D scene.”
And here's the payoff—the gamer plays the 3D avatar of himself. Now that’s putting yourself in the action!
The expertise and equipment required for 3D modeling have long thwarted players and developers who want to add more characters to games, but Kinect for Windows v2 plus Fuse is poised to break down this barrier. Soon, you can thrill to an animated version of you fulfilling your gaming desires, be it holding off alien hordes or building a virtual community. It’s just one more example of how Kinect for Windows technology and partnerships are enhancing entertainment and creativity.
Kinect for Windows Team
This past weekend, we were delighted to host a Kinect for Windows v2 hackathon on the Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington. We saw some very cool, extremely ambitious projects. We were also joined by some special guests: Christian Schaller and Hannes Hofman of Metrilus came from Germany to share their finger tracking library with participants, and Adrian Ferrier, Mitch Altman, and Aaron Bryden came to show the progress they’ve made on their New York Hackathon project, lightspeed.And the winners are…
Three other projects were recognized by the judges. Each team received a Kinect for Windows v2 sensor.
Other projects presented
Thanks again to everyone who came to the event in Redmond this past weekend! It was great to meet new people and to see innovative ideas put into action.
I hope to see you at another event in the future!
Ben Lower, Developer Community Manager, Kinect for Windows
With the launch of the Kinect for Windows v2 public preview, we want to ensure that developers have access to the SDK so that you can start writing Kinect-based applications. As you may be aware, the Kinect for Windows SDK 2.0 public preview will run only on Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 64-bit systems. If you have a Windows 8 PC that meets the minimum requirements, you’re ready to go.
For our Macintosh developers, this may be bittersweet news, but we’re here to help. There are two options available for developers who have an Intel-based Mac: (1) install Windows to the Mac’s hard drive, or (2) install Windows to an external USB 3.0 drive. Many Mac users are aware of the first option, but the second is less well known.
First, you need to ensure that your hardware meets the minimum requirements for Kinect for Windows v2.
Due to the requirements for full USB 3.0 bandwidth and GPU Shader Model 5 (DirectX 11), virtualization products such as VMWare Fusion, Parallels Desktop, or Oracle VirtualBox are not supported. If you’re not sure what hardware you have, you can find out on these Apple websites:
Installing Windows on the internal hard drive of your Intel-based Macintosh
We’re going to focus on getting Windows 8.1 installed, since this is typically the stumbling block. (If you need help installing Visual Studio or other applications on Windows, you can find resources online.)
Apple has provided a great option called Boot Camp. This tool will download the drivers for Windows, set up bootable media for installation, and guide you through the partitioning process. Please refer to Apple’s website on using this option:
Alternative to installing Windows on your primary drive
Boot Camp requires Windows to be installed on your internal hard drive. This might be impractical or impossible for a variety of reasons, including lack of available free space, technical failures during setup, or personal preferences.
An alternative is to install Windows to an external drive using Windows To Go, a feature of Windows 8 and 8.1 Enterprise. (Learn more about this feature in Windows 8.1 Enterprise.)
In the section, Hardware considerations for Windows To Go, on Windows To Go: Feature Overview, you can find a list of recommended USB 3.0 drives. These drives have additional security features that you may want to review with your systems administrators, to ensure you are in compliance with your company’s security policies.
Getting started with Windows To Go
You will need to log in as the administrator. Start the Windows to Go tool, press Win-Q to start the search, and enter Windows To Go:
Launch the Windows To Go application from the list. From the main application window, you will see a list of the attached drives that you can use with the tool. As shown below, you may be alerted of USB 3.0 drives that are not Windows To Go certified. You can still use the drive but understand that it might not work or could have an impact on performance. If you are using a non-certified USB 3.0 drive, you will have do your own testing to ensure it meets your needs. (Note: while not officially supported by Microsoft, we have used the Western Digital My Passport Ultra 500 GB and 1 TB drives at some of our developer hackathons to get people using Macs up and running with our dev tools on Windows.)
Select the drive you wish to use and click Next. If you have not already done so, insert the Windows 8.1 Enterprise CD at this time. If you have the .ISO, you can double-click the icon or right-click and select Mount to use it as a virtual drive.
If you do not see an image in the list, click the Add search location button and browse your system to find the DVD drive or mounted CD partition:
It should now appear in the list, and you can select it and click Next.
If you need or wish to use BitLocker, you can enable that now. We will Skip this.
The confirmation screen will summarize the selections you have made. This is your last chance to ensure that you are using the correct drive. Please avail yourself of this opportunity, as the Windows To Go installation process will reformat the drive and you will not be able to recover any data that is currently on the drive. Once you have confirmed that you are using the correct drive, click Create to continue.
Once the creation step is complete, you are ready to reboot the system. But first, you’ll need to download the drivers necessary for running Windows on Macintosh hardware from the Apple support page, as, by default, Windows setup does not include these drivers.
I recommend that you create an Extras folder on your drive and copy the files you’ll need. As shown below, I downloaded and extracted the Boot Camp drivers in this folder, since this will be the first thing I’ll need after logging in for the first time.
Disconnect the hard drive from the Windows computer and connect it to your Mac. Be sure that you are using the USB 3.0 connection if you have both USB 2 and USB 3.0 hardware ports. Once the drive is connected, boot or restart your system while holding down the option key. (Learn more about these startup key shortcuts for Intel-based Macs.)
During the initial setup, you will be asked to enter your product key, enter some default settings, and create an account. If your system has to reboot at any time, repeat the previous step to ensure that you return to the USB 3.0 workspace. Once you have successfully logged in for the first time, install the Boot Camp driver and any other applications you wish to use. Then you’ll have a fully operational Windows environment you can use for your Kinect for Windows development.
Carmine Sirignano Developer Support Escalation Engineer Kinect for Windows
Ah, the college library: a place of studious reflection and solipsistic quietude—and these days, a whole lot more. On many campuses today, parts of the library have become centers of interactive, multimedia experiences. And perhaps no school has taken this aspect of the modern library further than Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia. Serving more than 100,000 students—some 12,000 on campus and more than 90,000 online—Liberty University has established itself as a leader in digital education. Their commitment to using technology to engage and connect with students is front and center in the university’s Jerry Falwell Library, a $50 million, state-of-the-art facility that opened to rave reviews in January 2014.
Upon entering the library, visitors are greeted by an enormous visual display—a media wall measuring 24 feet by 11 feet, composed of 198 interactive tiles that are controlled by three Kinect for Windows sensors. The wall displays animated visualizations of photos submitted, via social media, by Liberty students and staff. The sensors enable library visitors to use gestures to grab the photos and reveal details about what’s being depicted.
The media wall thus provides a current snapshot of life at Liberty University—not just on campus but around the world, since most of the school’s students are distance learners. Tim Siegel, systems librarian at Liberty, feels that the wall helps students realize they are part of a bigger picture by “showing the impact that Liberty is having.”
In order to meet the challenge of providing interaction across the entire width of the wall, Liberty teamed up with InfoStrat, a Kinect for Windows partner located in Washington, D.C., to develop the visualizations and create a custom service that enables the simultaneous use of multiple Kinect for Windows sensors. The sensors are critical to engaging students in this experience and demonstrating Liberty’s technical leadership. Marcy Pride, dean of the library, praises the Kinect feature for the way it draws students in, noting that it “positions us nicely as a twenty-first-century library that uses the technology to engage students, to allow them to have a sense of control, and to give them the opportunity to be creative and innovative.”
The Falwell Library installation isn’t the first university media wall, but it’s certainly one of the most technologically advanced. The staff surveyed other university installations but wanted to do something bigger and better. When they asked InfoStrat how to make a richer media wall experience, the obvious answer was to make it interactive with Kinect for Windows. The payoff was substantial, as Joshua Blake, technical director of InfoStrat’s Advanced Technology Group, describes. “When students first visit the library, they may not know that the video wall is interactive. As they walk through the space, or they see someone else interacting, it’s a bit of a surprise—this huge video wall responds to them, thanks to the Kinect sensors.”
As Blake explains, Kinect for Windows is the key to this interactive experience. The arrangement of the three sensors creates a continuous interactive space in front of the entire video wall. These sensors are connected to a single computer via USB extenders, and a Windows Service processes and combines the data from each sensor.
The media wall visualization is driven by a Unity application, which gets social media and configuration data from a custom web service on a server located elsewhere, and the Kinect interaction data from the local Windows Service through shared memory. The web server ingests the social media posts and images and hosts a management website that allows administrators to moderate posts and remotely configure what is displayed on media wall through the Unity application.
All that technical wizardry makes the media wall work seamlessly for the visitors who stand in front of it, excitedly waving their arms to move images around and gesturing to access additional information. In the process, they become more deeply connected to the university’s worldwide student body and its many outreach programs. Who knew that the library could be such a potent social force?
The Kinect for Windows Team
The Kinect for Windows hackathon in Dallas last weekend, July 18–19, was an amazing event, thanks to the 114 developers and designers who willingly gave up their Friday evening and all day Saturday to explore the potential of the new Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and the SDK 2.0 public preview.
Big thanks to Skip Howard and Computer Visionaries for helping to organize such a great event, to The Dallas Entrepreneur Center for providing the awesome venue, and to local Microsoft evangelists Jason Fox, Nathalie Goh-Livorness, and Anna Lergaard for going above and beyond in collaborating with us in Dallas! The projectsMy team and I left inspired by the creativity and passion that all of the 15 presented projects displayed. We were absolutely blown away by the three winning efforts. The top prize of US$500 and two Kinect for Windows v2 sensors went to the creators of Super Dueling Golem Dudes, a two-versus-two game in which a player’s gestures control moving platforms that help his or her teammate shoot at their opponent. Earning second-place honors—and $250 and a Kinect for Windows v2 sensor—was the team that developed Kinectergarden, an educational app that lets young children explore their environment and learn new words, objects, and skills. The third-place prize of $100 and a Kinect for Windows v2 sensor was snagged by Put Me in Space, a project that allows users to create a photograph of themselves anywhere in (or out) of this world.
More than 100 eager hackers put the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and the SDK 2.0 public previewthrough its paces.
And the winners are…
The other 12 projects presented on Saturday night were:
We have more hackathons scheduled this summer, and we’d love to see you at one of them. Just click the link to register.
Thanks again to all who took the time to join us in Dallas. I got a big jolt of energy from the collected creativity and passion. If you have questions or need help, please use the following resources:
You can also email me at firstname.lastname@example.org if you have other questions or just want to say hi.
I hope to see you at a future event!
Today, we began shipping thousands of Kinect for Windows v2 sensors to developers worldwide. And more sensors will leave the warehouse in coming weeks, as we work to fill orders as quickly as possible. Additionally, Microsoft publicly released a preview version of the Kinect for Windows SDK 2.0 this morning—meaning that developers everywhere can now take advantage of Kinect’s latest enhancements and improved capabilities. The SDK is free of cost and there are no fees for runtime licenses of commercial applications developed with the SDK.
The new sensor can track as many as six complete skeletons and 25 joints per person.
We will be releasing a final version of the SDK 2.0 in a few months, but with so many of you eagerly awaiting access, we wanted to make the SDK available as early as possible. For those of you who were unable to take part in our developer preview program, now you can roll up your sleeves and start developing. And for anyone else out there who has been waiting—well, the wait is over!
The new sensor’s key features include:
With the ability to track new joints for hand tips and thumbs—as well as improved understanding of the soft connective tissue and body positioning—you get more anatomically correct positions for crisp interactions.
In addition to the new sensor’s key features, the Kinect for Windows SDK 2.0 includes:
When the final version of the SDK is available, people will be able to start submitting their apps to the Windows Store, and companies will be able to make their v2 solutions available commercially. We look forward to seeing what everyone does with the new NUI.
The new SDK 2.0 public preview includes Unity support for faster, cost-efficient, and high quality support for cross-platform development, enabling developers to build their apps for the Windows Store using tools they already know.
We’ve already shown you what several partners are working on, including Reflexion Health and Freak n’ Genius. Most recently, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures have developed an interactive experience to help promote their upcoming movie, Planes 2: Fire & Rescue. One of seven experience kiosks will debut in London at the end of the week in time for school holidays. Disney is confident it will receive an enthusiastic reception from users of all ages, creating an engaging experience associated with the Disney brand and, of course, sparking interest in the movie which releases nationwide from August 8. Read more.
We will showcase more partner solutions here in coming months, so stay tuned. In the meantime, order your new sensor, download the SDK 2.0 public preview, and start developing your NUI apps. And please join our Microsoft Virtual Academy to learn from our experts and jump start your development.
On July 15 in a Microsoft Virtual Academy Jump Start session, we will be covering using Kinect for Windows with third-party frameworks. While preparing for the talk, we found that there would be a bit of setup required that we would not have time to cover. So, we are putting together a couple of articles to help as a reference to get your development environment set up and configured.
If you are not familiar with Cinder or openFrameworks, these are popular open-source graphic frameworks focusing on native C++ development. Both are extensible through plug-ins called Blocks and Add-ons respectively and have extensive libraries for handling 2D and 3D graphics applications. The following articles will provide resources and steps needed to start developing a Windows application by using Kinect for Windows.
Carmine SirignanoDeveloper Support Engineer, Kinect for Windows
What’s better than watching your team compete in the World Cup? Perhaps enjoying the game with a refreshing beer, especially if you purchased the brew at a nice discount. Thanks to a Kinect for Windows application, Argentine fans were able to do just that.
The Kinect-based display rewarded Argentine soccer fans with discounts on beer.
The application was created by Kimetric, an Argentine company that specializes in real-time customer analytics. It involved a special World Cup display, which featured a video of renowned Argentine footballer Oscar Ruggeri, placed in the beer aisle at several supermarkets in Buenos Aires. The Kinect for Windows sensor’s camera detected when customers engaged with the display, and at that point, Ruggeri’s video persona asked them if they’re old enough to drink. If the customers answered yes, the system scanned them to see if they did indeed appear to be over the legal drinking age. Then the sensor looked to see if they were wearing an Argentine soccer jersey. The Kinect for Windows sensor could identify whether or not a customer was clad in Argentine soccer attire based on a machine-learning algorithm. More than 50,000 images of different Argentine soccer jerseys and other apparel were used to train the system.
So, what happened if the customer was wearing an Argentine jersey? He or she was rewarded with a discount coupon for the purchase of Quilmes Cristal, a popular Argentine beer. If the Kinect for Windows sensor detected just one jersey-clad customer, the discount was 10 percent. If the sensor detected two such customers, the discount rose to 15 percent, and if there were three or more customers posing in Argentine soccer apparel, the discount jumped to 25 percent. Bringing your soccer-crazy friends with you on a beer run really paid off.If the customer wasn’t wearing an appropriate jersey, he or she still got a shot at scoring a beer bargain. In those cases, Ruggeri asked a couple of questions about Argentine soccer, and customers who answered correctly were rewarded with a 10 percent discount coupon. The display was in stores from early May until the end of June 2014, during which time tens of thousands of lucky customers scored a beer discount. One lucky, randomly chosen customer even received an all-expenses-paid trip to Brazil to attend one of the Argentine team’s matches. Of course, another winner was Quilmes, which saw a healthy increase in beer sales during the promotion. All and all, a win for everyone: soccer fans, beer lovers, Quilmes, and Kimetric.
The Kinect for Windows team recently traveled to New York City for a terrific hackathon. In partnership with NUI Central, we had the pleasure of sponsoring a 27-hour event, June 21–22, focused on creating innovative applications and experiences using the forthcoming Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and SDK 2.0.
The event drew more than 100 participants, from as far away as the Czech Republic and Dubai. You will find a summary of the teams and projects below; we were blown away by what we saw. We were also impressed by the tremendous interest in the experimental near-field firmware that we brought. This firmware turns the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor into a near-field device that can be used at close range (from 10cm to 1m).
Lots of participants told us they wanted to get their hands on this near-field firmware. Others said how pleased they were just to have access to our engineering team. In fact, there was so much interest and energy at this event that we have set up some additional ones this summer. We would love to see you at one of our upcoming in-person events, or to have you join us online for our virtual training event on Tuesday, July 15. Please see the in-person event information below.
Upcoming in-person events
All of these events will be attended by members of the Kinect for Windows engineering team and will feature prizes, food, and, best of all, access to Kinect for Windows v2 sensors (including experimental near-field).
July 18–19, 2014: Dallas Entrepreneur Center (Dallas, TX, United States)
Computer Visionaries is hosting; we are sponsoring. It’s going to be so hot outside that you’ll want to be hunkered down inside at our event.
July 26–27, 2014: Microsoft Headquarters (Redmond, WA, United States)
This event will be here on our main campus. We will have our engineers out in full force to support this event.
August 8–10, 2014: Kitchener Studio Space (Kitchener, ON, Canada)
We are sponsoring Deep Realities and hosting a weekend hackathon in the Waterloo Region.
New York City hackathon summary
New York City hackathon participants
As noted earlier, this event was hosted by our partner, NUI Central, in Manhattan (New York). The top three teams were:
First place: lightspeed. Their application, called K4B, used a Kinect for Windows v2 sensor to scan large ceiling spaces in order to map HVAC and electrical details so that renovators can get accurate, detailed as-built measurements.
First-place winners, team lightspeed
Second place: adabiits. Their application, Thing T. Thing, included a robotic hand that waves when someone walks by and can be controlled by using finger tracking.
Second-place winners, team adabiits
Third place: Body Labs. Their application, ScanAdHoc, combined multiple Kinect for Windows v2 sensors wirelessly over WebSockets, enabling accurate 3D body scans to be used for fitting clothes.
Third-place winners, Body Labs
Other teams that presented projects:
Kinect for Windows MVP András Velvárt helps team adabiits.
Hannes Hofman and Chris Schaller from Metrilus brought their finger-tracking library to the event.
Congratulations to all the participants, whose creativity highlighted the immense possibilities in the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and SDK. If you haven’t pre-ordered the v2 sensor yet, there is still time, but don’t wait too long.
Ben Lower, Kinect for Windows developer community manager Contact Ben on Twitter at @benlower
The following blog post was guest authored by Ana Isabel Zorrilla, project manager at EIC BBK-Dravet Syndrome Foundation, a Spanish nonprofit organization dedicated to the treatment and cure of Dravet syndrome and related disorders.
Imagine what it’s like to go for weeks on end without a decent night’s sleep. For Julian Isla of Madrid, Spain, this scenario requires no imagining. He has lived it, spending night after sleepless night lying awake, listening for the telltale signs that his child is having a seizure. You see, Julian’s son, Sergio, suffers from Dravet syndrome, a severe form of epilepsy. Children with Dravet syndrome experience frequent seizures; from an average of one crisis per week in the mildest cases, to one or more a day—or even multiple seizures per hour—in the most severe instances. These attacks occur more frequently while a child sleeps, so parents often struggle to stay awake seven nights a week, prepared to give their child emergency medical treatment in the event of a prolonged seizure.
When he was born, Sergio was a healthy baby. The seizures began when he was four months old, and he was diagnosed as having Dravet syndrome after experiencing several long-lasting seizures and multiple admissions to the pediatric intensive care unit. After receiving his son’s diagnosis five years ago, Julian connected with other Dravet families, and together they explored the idea of creating an organization to promote research on the condition. They got in touch with the Dravet Syndrome Foundation (DSF) in the United States, and out of that connection, the Spanish Delegation of the DSF was born. Julian serves as the executive chairman of the Spanish Delegation, which has nine employees, including me. Our organization is involved in multiple research projects, including a search for new drugs that can treat Dravet syndrome.
Technology has been pivotal for our group; this year, for example, we conducted the world’s first genetic tests for Dravet syndrome, using state-of-the-art technologies. Today, children with Dravet syndrome are being diagnosed by a new generation of genetic tests running on Microsoft Azure that the Spanish Delegation pioneered. Our group’s technological bent is hardly surprising given Julian’s background: with a degree in computer science and some 20 years of professional experience in the IT sector, he currently works for Microsoft in Madrid, where he manages a team of software consultants.
As soon as Julian heard about Kinect for Windows, he began exploring the use of the technology to help Dravet families. He was aware of the technology’s potential for medical applications, thanks to interactions with colleagues in the Microsoft Madrid offices. About the same time, the Spanish Delegation created EIC BBK, a development center focused on e-health applications. Julian proposed that the center investigate the use of Kinect for Windows to monitor Dravet children while they slept. With the Kinect sensor serving as a sentinel, Julian thought the beleaguered parents might get some much needed sleep themselves.
The use of monitors to detect seizures is not groundbreaking: there have been multiple studies and projects on seizure monitor systems. What is new and exciting is the Kinect sensor’s exquisite sensitivity, the result of its multisensory inputs. “With a color camera, an infrared detector, and an array of microphones, the Kinect sensor can detect physical movement and acoustical changes with tremendous accuracy,” says Julian. He adds, “The affordability of the Kinect sensor is another huge advantage.”
By the end of 2013, EIC BBK had started the “Night Seizure Monitor” project, a research initiative that uses Kinect for Windows. This project’s aim is to track the child’s movements while sleeping. When the Kinect sensor detects movements that follow a seizure pattern, an alarm warns parents that their child might be having a seizure. This solution provides dual benefits: when a seizure is detected, the monitor system ensures that the child gets medication right away to reduce the length and intensity of the episode. And when no seizures occur, the monitor enhances family’s quality of life, because parents are able to enjoy a restful sleep.
At the outset, developers programmed the Kinect sensor to be able to detect the movements of a child even if he or she was in a darkened room and lying under a blanket or comforter, above. Then, they added the ability to spot seizures that begin with abrupt movements or loud vocalizations, below.
Using data collected by its color camera and depth sensor, Kinect for Windows detects seizures by comparing changes in the child’s body position between two sequential frames. If these changes are frequent, the seizure alarm sounds. In addition, the sensor’s microphone plays a role in recognizing the seizures, as the system has been programmed to respond to the shouts that typically accompany the onset of a Dravet seizure. The Kinect-based solution can process this sound and calculate the child’s location in the room.
As participants in the Kinect for Windows Developer Preview program, our developers here at EIC BBK have been testing a preview version of the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and SDK since December 2013, exploring the technology’s potential to improve upon the existing Night Seizure Monitor research. They are especially pleased with the v2 sensor’s infrared capabilities—which provide an even higher quality image—and its wider field of vision and greater depth range. These enhanced features should make the Night Seizure Monitor even more valuable.
Moreover, the developers are eagerly awaiting the general availability of the Kinect for Windows v2 sensor and SDK, which promise enhanced discrimination of facial expressions. The developers believe the enhanced face tracking capability will help the monitor detect those seizures that do not present limb shaking but rather are manifested by movements of the eyes and mouth.
The Night Seizure Monitor initiative is a great example of how needs can promote creativity. Julian had a problem at home, and rather than accepting it as unavoidable, he decided to seek out a solution.
It also shows the power of teamwork: Julian has received enormous support from colleagues at Microsoft; right now a dozen of them are helping our organization as volunteers.
Finally, it demonstrates how technology can empower people. Julian sums up the experience eloquently, observing that “When you have a child with special needs, everything seems filled with problems. You feel impotent. I’ve had the privilege of using technology for a project that will, we believe, improve the lives of many young patients and provide a sense of control to their families. I feel proud to work for a company whose technology can make such a difference in people’s lives.”
While the Night Seizure Monitor is still a development project, we hope to have a fully functional prototype available for testing with Dravet Foundation families by the end of 2014. After that, our goal is to make the monitor available to Dravet families around the world. But as wonderful as this development will be, it is but a way station in the Dravet Syndrome Foundation’s ultimate mission: to find a cure for this disorder. Despite the difficulty of this quest, DSF supporters, volunteers, and workers are laboring tirelessly to achieve it. We call it our “moonshot,” taking inspiration from US President John Kennedy’s audacious mission to send a manned mission to the moon. Our moonshot represents the dream of parents who will never give up.
Ana Isabel Zorrilla, project manager, EIC-BBK– Dravet Syndrome Foundation