• Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Kinect for Windows at Convergence of Style and Technology for New York Fashion Week


    Kinect for Windows powers a new technology that virtually models the hottest styles in Bloomingdale’s during Fashion Week.This year, Kinect for Windows gives Fashion Week in New York a high-tech boost by offering a new way to model the latest styles at retail. Swivel, a virtual dressing room that is featured at Bloomingdale's, helps you quickly see what clothes look like on you—without the drudgery of trying on multiple garments in the changing room.

    Twenty Bloomingdale's stores across the United States are featuring Swivel this week— including outlets in Atlanta, Chicago, Miami, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. This Kinect for Windows application was developed by FaceCake Marketing Technologies, Inc.

    Also featured at Bloomingdale's during Fashion Week is a virtual version of a Microsoft Research project called The Printing Dress. This remarkable melding of fashion and technology is on display at Bloomingdale's 59th Street location in New York. The Printing Dress enables the wearer of the virtual dress to display messages via a projector inside the dress by typing on keys that are inlaid on the bodice. Normally, you wouldn't be able to try on such a fragile runway garment, but the Kinect-enabled technology makes it possible to see how haute couture looks on you.

    Bloomingdale's has made early and ongoing investments in deploying Kinect for Windows gesture-based experiences at retail stores: they featured another Kinect for Windows solution last March at their Century City store in Los Angeles, just six weeks after the launch of the technology. That solution by Bodymetrics uses shoppers’ body measurements to help them find the best fitting jeans. The Bodymetrics body mapping technology is currently being used at the Bloomingdale’s store in Palo Alto, California.

    "Merging fashion with technology is not just a current trend, but the wave of the future," said Bloomingdale's Senior Vice President of Marketing Frank Berman. "We recognize the melding of the two here at Bloomingdale's, and value our partnership with companies like Microsoft to bring exciting animation to our stores and website to enhance the experience for our shoppers."

    Here's how Swivel works: the Kinect for Windows sensor detects your body and displays an image of you on the screen. Kinect provides both the customer's skeleton frame and 3-D depth data to the Swivel sizing and product display applications. Wave your hand to select a new outfit, and it is nearly instantly fitted to your form. Next, you can turn around and view the clothing from different angles. Finally, you can snap a picture of you dressed in your favorite ensemble and—by using a secure tablet—share it with friends over social networks.

    The Printing Dress, a remarkable melding of fashion and technology, on display at Bloomingdale's in New York.Since Bloomingdale’s piloted the Swivel application last May, FaceCake has enhanced detection and identification so that the camera tracks the shopper (instead of forcing the shopper to move further for the camera) and improved detection of different-sized people so that it can display more accurately how the garment would look if fitted to the customer.

    Swivel and Bodymetrics are only two examples of Kinect for Windows unleashing new experiences in fashion and retail. Others include:

    • One of the participants in the recent Microsoft Accelerator for Kinect program, Styku, LLC, has also developed virtual fitting room software and body scanner technology powered by Kinect for Windows. 
    • Mattel brought to life Barbie: The Dream Closet that makes it possible for anyone to try on clothes from 50 years of Barbie's wardrobe. 
    • Kimetric , another Kinect Accelerator participant, uses Kinect for Windows sensors strategically placed throughout a store to gather useful data, helping a retailer to better understand consumer behavior.

    With this recent wave of retail experiences powered by Kinect for Windows, we are starting to get a glimpse into the ways technology innovators and retailers will reimagine and transform the way we shop with new Kinect-enabled tools.

    Kinect for Windows Team

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  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Mysteries of Kinect for Windows Face Tracking output explained


    Since the release of Kinect for Windows version 1.5, developers have been able to use the Face Tracking software development kit (SDK) to create applications that can track human faces in real time. Figure 1, an illustration from the Face Tracking documentation, displays 87 of the points used to track the face. Thirteen points are not illustrated here—more on those points later.

    Figure 1: Tracked Points
    Figure 1: Tracked points

    You have questions...

    Based on feedback we received via comments and forum posts, it is clear there is some confusion regarding the face tracking points and the data values found when using the SDK sample code. The managed sample, FaceTrackingBasics-WPF, demonstrates how to visualize mesh data by displaying a 3D model representation on top of the color camera image.

    MeshModel - Copy
    Figure 2: Screenshot from FaceTrackingBasics-WPF

    By exploring this sample source code, you will find a set of helper functions under the Microsoft.Kinect.Toolkit.FaceTracking project, in particular GetProjected3DShape(). What many have found was the function returned a collection where the length of the array was 121 values. Additionally, some have also found an enum list, called “FeaturePoint”, that includes 70 items.

    We have answers...

    As you can see, we have two main sets of numbers that don't seem to add up. This is because these are two sets of values that are provided by the SDK:

    1. 3D Shape Points (mesh representation of the face): 121
    2. Tracked Points: 87 + 13

    The 3D Shape Points (121 of them) are the mesh vertices that make a 3D face model based on the Candide-3 wireframe.

    Figure 3: image from http://www.icg.isy.liu.se/candide/img/candide3_rot128.gif
    Figure 3: Wireframe of the Candide-3 model http://www.icg.isy.liu.se/candide/img/candide3_rot128.gif

    These vertices are morphed by the FaceTracking APIs to align with the face. The GetProjected3DShape method returns the vertices as an array of  Vector3DF[]. These values can be enumerated by name using the "FeaturePoint" list. For example, TopSkull, LeftCornerMouth, or OuterTopRightPupil. Figure 4 shows these values superimposed on top of the color frame. 

    Figure 4: Feature Point index mapped on mesh model

    To get the 100 tracked points mentioned above, we need to dive more deeply into the APIs. The managed APIs, provide an FtInterop.cs file that defines an interface, IFTResult, which contains a Get2DShapePoints function. FtInterop is a wrapper for the native library that exposes its functionality to managed languages. Users of the unmanaged C++ API may have already seen this and figured it out. Get2DShapePoints is the function that will provide the 100 tracked points.

    If we have a look at the function, it doesn’t seem to be useful to a managed code developer:

    // STDMETHOD(Get2DShapePoints)(THIS_ FT_VECTOR2D** ppPoints, UINT* pPointCount) PURE;
    void Get2DShapePoints(out IntPtr pointsPtr, out uint pointCount);

    To get a better idea of how you can get a collection of points from IntPtr, we need to dive into the unmanaged function:

    /// <summary>
    /// Returns 2D (X,Y) coordinates of the key points on the aligned face in video frame coordinates.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="ppPoints">Array of 2D points (as FT_VECTOR2D).</param>
    /// <param name="pPointCount">Number of elements in ppPoints.</param>
    /// <returns>If the method succeeds, the return value is S_OK. If the method fails, the return value can be E_POINTER.</returns>
    STDMETHOD(Get2DShapePoints)(THIS_ FT_VECTOR2D** ppPoints, UINT* pPointCount) PURE; 

    The function will give us a pointer to the FT_VECTOR2D array. To consume the data from the pointer, we have to create a new function for use with managed code.

    The managed code

    First, you need to create an array to contain the data that is copied to managed memory. Since FT_VECTOR2D is an unmanaged structure, to marshal the data to the managed wrapper, we must have an equivalent data type to match. The managed version of this structure is PointF (structure that uses floats for x and y).

    Now that we have a data type, we need to convert IntPtr to PointF[]. Searching the code, we see that the FaceTrackFrame class wraps the IFTResult object. This also contains the GetProjected3DShape() function we used before, so this is a good candidate to add a new function, GetShapePoints. It will look something like this:

    // populates an array for the ShapePoints
    public void GetShapePoints(ref Vector2DF[] vector2DF)
         // get the 2D tracked shapes
         IntPtr ptBuffer = IntPtr.Zero;
         uint ptCount = 0;
         this.faceTrackingResultPtr.Get2DShapePoints(out ptBuffer, out ptCount);
         if (ptCount == 0)
    vector2DF = null;
         // create a managed array to hold the values
         if (vector2DF == null || (vector2DF != null && vector2DF.Length != ptCount))
             vector2DF = new Vector2DF[ptCount];

         ulong sizeInBytes = (ulong)Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(Vector2DF));
         for (ulong i = 0; i < ptCount; i++)
             vector2DF[i] = (Vector2DF)Marshal.PtrToStructure((IntPtr)((ulong)ptBuffer + (i * sizeInBytes)), typeof(Vector2DF));

    To ensure we are using the data correctly, we refer to the documentation on Get2DShapePoints:

    IFTResult::Get2DShapePoints Method gets the (x,y) coordinates of the key points on the aligned face in video frame coordinates.

    The PointF values represent the mapped values on the color image. Since we know it matches the color frame, there is no need to do apply mapping. You can call the function to get the data, which should align to the color image coordinates.

    The sample code

    The modified version of FaceTrackingBasics-WPF is available in the sample code that can be downloaded from CodePlex. It has been modified to allow you to display the feature points (by name or by index value) and toggle the mesh drawing. Because of the way WPF renders, the performance can suffer on machines with lower end graphics cards. I recommend that you only enable these one at a time. If your UI becomes unresponsive, you can block the sensor with your hand to prevent FaceTracking data capturing. Since the application will not detect any face tracked data, it will not render any points, giving you the opportunity to reset the features you enabled by using the UI controls.

    Figure 5: ShapePoints mapped around the face

    As you can see in Figure 5, the additional 13 points are the center of the eyes, the tip of the nose, and the areas above the eyebrows on the forehead. Once you enable a feature and tracking begins, you can zoom into the center and see the values more clearly.

    A summary of the changes:


    • UI changes to enable slider and draw selections



    • Added a Grid control – used for the UI elements
    • Modified the constructor to initialize grid
    • Modified the OnAllFrameReady event
      • For any tracked skeletons, create a canvas and add to the grid. Use that as the parent to put the label controls

    public partial class FaceTrackingViewer : UserControl, IDisposable
         private Grid grid;

         public FaceTrackingViewer()

             // add grid to the layout
             this.grid = new Grid();
             this.grid.Background = Brushes.Transparent;
             this.Content = this.grid;

         private void OnAllFramesReady(object sender, AllFramesReadyEventArgs allFramesReadyEventArgs)
             // We want keep a record of any skeleton, tracked or untracked.
             if (!this.trackedSkeletons.ContainsKey(skeleton.TrackingId))
                 // create a new canvas for each tracker
                 Canvas canvas = new Canvas();
                 canvas.Background = Brushes.Transparent;
                 this.grid.Children.Add( canvas );
                 this.trackedSkeletons.Add(skeleton.TrackingId, new SkeletonFaceTracker(canvas));

    SkeletonFaceTracker class changes:

    • New property: DrawFraceMesh, DrawShapePoints, DrawFeaturePoint, featurePoints, lastDrawFeaturePoints, shapePoints, labelControls, Canvas
    • New functions: FindTextControl UpdateTextControls, RemoveAllFromCanvas, SetShapePointsLocations, SetFeaturePointsLocations
    • Added the constructor to keep track of the parent control
    • Changed the DrawFaceModel function to draw based on what data was selected
    • Updated the OnFrameReady event to recalculate the positions based for the drawn elements
      • If DrawShapePoints is selected, then we call our new function

    private class SkeletonFaceTracker : IDisposable
        // properties to toggle rendering 3D mesh, shape points and feature points
        public bool DrawFaceMesh { get; set; }
        public bool DrawShapePoints { get; set; }
        public DrawFeaturePoint DrawFeaturePoints { get; set; }

        // defined array for the feature points
        private Array featurePoints;
        private DrawFeaturePoint lastDrawFeaturePoints;

        // array for Points to be used in shape points rendering
        private PointF[] shapePoints;

        // map to hold the label controls for the overlay
        private Dictionary<string, Label> labelControls;

        // canvas control for new text rendering
        private Canvas Canvas;

        // canvas is passed in for every instance
        public SkeletonFaceTracker(Canvas canvas)
            this.Canvas = canvas;

        public void DrawFaceModel(DrawingContext drawingContext)
            // only draw if selected
            if (this.DrawFaceMesh && this.facePoints != null)

        internal void OnFrameReady(KinectSensor kinectSensor, ColorImageFormat colorImageFormat, byte[] colorImage, DepthImageFormat depthImageFormat, short[] depthImage, Skeleton skeletonOfInterest)
            if (this.lastFaceTrackSucceeded)
                if (this.DrawFaceMesh || this.DrawFeaturePoints != DrawFeaturePoint.None)
                    this.facePoints = frame.GetProjected3DShape();

                // get the shape points array
                if (this.DrawShapePoints)
                    this.shapePoints = frame.GetShapePoints();

            // draw/remove the components


    Pulling it all together...

    As we have seen, there are two types of data points that are available from the Face Tracking SDK:

    • Shape Points: data used to track the face
    • Mesh Data: vertices of the 3D model from the GetProjected3DShape() function
    • FeaturePoints: named vertices on the 3D model that play a significant role in face tracking

    To get the shape point data, we have to extend the current managed wrapper with a new function that will handle the interop with the native API.

    Carmine Sirignano
    Developer Support Escalation Engineer
    Kinect for Windows

    Additional resources


  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Monsters Come to Life with Kinect for Windows


    A demon dog robot under constructionIt all started with a couple of kids and a remarkable idea, which eventually spawned two terrifying demon dogs and their master. This concept is transforming the haunt industry and could eventually change how theme parks and other entertainment businesses approach animated mechanical electronics (animatronics).
    Here's the behind-the-scenes story of how this all came to be:

    The boys, 6-year-old Mark and 10-year-old Jack, fell in love with Travel Channel's Making Monsters, a TV program that chronicles the creation of lifelike animatronic creatures. After seeing their dad's work with Kinect for Windows at the Minneapolis-based Microsoft Technology Center, they connected the dots and dreamed up the concept: wouldn't it be awesome if Dad could use his expertise with the Kinect for Windows motion sensor to make better and scarier monsters?

    So “Dad”—Microsoft developer and technical architect Todd Van Nurden—sent an email to Distortions Unlimited in Greeley, Colorado, offering praise of their work sculpting monsters out of clay and adjustable metal armatures. He also threw in his boys' suggestion on how they might take things to the next level with Kinect for Windows: Imagine how much cooler and more realistic these monsters could be if they had the ability to see you, hear you, anticipate your behavior, and respond to it. Imagine what it means to this industry now that monster makers can take advantage of the Kinect for Windows gesture and voice capabilities.

    Two months passed. Then one day, Todd received a voice mail message from Distortions CEO Ed Edmunds expressing interest. The result: nine months of off-and-on work, culminating with the debut of a Making Monsters episode detailing the project on Travel Channel earlier today, October 21 (check local listings for show times, including repeat airings). The full demonic installation can also be experienced firsthand at The 13th Floor haunted house in Denver, Colorado, now through November 10.

    To get things started, Distortions sent Van Nurden maquettes—scale models about one-quarter of the final size—to build prototypes of two demon dogs and their demon master. Van Nurden worked with Parker, a company that specializes in robotics, to develop movement by using random path manipulation that is more fluid than your typical robot and also is reactive and only loosely scripted. The maquettes were wired to Kinect for Windows with skeletal tracking, audio tracking, and voice control functionality as a proof of concept to suggest a menu of possible options.

    Distortions was impressed. "Ed saw everything it could do and said, 'I want all of them. We need to blow this out’," recalled Van Nurden.

    Todd Van Nurden prepares to install the Kinect for Windows sensor in the demon's belt 
    Todd Van Nurden prepares to install the Kinect for Windows sensor in the demon's belt

    The full-sized dogs are four feet high, while the demon master stands nearly 14 feet. A Kinect for Windows sensor connected to a ruggedized Lenovo M92 workstation is embedded in the demon's belt and, after interpreting tracking data, sends commands to control itself and the dogs via wired Ethernet. Custom software, built by using the Kinect for Windows SDK, provides the operators with a drag-and-drop interface for laying out character placement and other configurable settings. It also provides a top-down view for the attraction's operator, displaying where the guests are and how the creatures are tracking them.

    "We used a less common approach to processing the data as we leveraged the Reactive Extensions for .NET to basically set up push-based Linq subscriptions," Van Nurden revealed. "The drag-and-drop features enable the operator to control the place-space configuration, as well as when certain behaviors begin. We used most of the Kinect for Windows SDK managed API with the exception of raw depth data."

    The dogs are programmed to react very differently if approached by an adult (which might elicit a bark or growl) versus a child (which could prompt a fast pant or soft whimper). Scratching behind a hound's ears provokes a "happy dog" response—assuming you can overcome your fear and get close enough to actually touch one! Each action or mood includes its own set of kinesthetic actions and vocal cues. The sensor quietly tracks groups of people, alternating between a loose tracking algorithm that can calculate relative height quickly when figures are further away and full skeletal tracking when someone approaches a dog or demon, requiring more detailed data to drive the beasts' reactions.

    The end product was so delightfully scary that Van Nurden had to reassure his own sons when they were faced with a life-sized working model of one of the dogs. "I programmed him, he's not going to hurt you," he comforted them.

    Fortunately, it is possible to become the demons' master. If you perform a secret voice and movement sequence, they will actually bow to you.

    Lisa Tanzer, executive producer for Making Monsters, has been following creature creation for two years while shooting the show at Distortions Unlimited. She was impressed by how much more effective the Kinect for Windows interactivity is than the traditional looped audio and fully scripted movements of regular animatronics: "Making the monsters themselves is the same process—you take clay, sculpt it over an armature, mold it, paint it, all the same steps," she said. "The thing that made this project Distortions did for 13th Floor so incredible and fascinating was the Kinect for Windows technology.”

    "It can be really scary," Tanzer reported. "The dogs and demon creature key into people and actually track them around the room. The dog turns, looks at you and whimpers; you go 'Oh, wow, is this thing going to get me?' It's just like a human actor latching on to somebody in a haunted house but there's no human, only this incredible technology.”

    "Incorporating Kinect for Windows into monster making is very new to the haunt industry," she added. "In terms of the entertainment industry, it's a huge deal. I think it's a really cool illustration of where things are going."

    Kinect for Windows team

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  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    nsquared releases three new Kinect for Windows-based applications


    The following blog post was guest authored by Celeste Humphrey, business development consultant at nsquared, and Dr. Neil Roodyn, director of nsquared.

    A company that is passionate about learning, technology, and creating awesome user experiences, nsquared has developed three new applications that take advantage of Kinect for Windows to provide users with interactive, natural user interface experiences. nsquared is located in Sydney, Australia.

    At nsquared, we believe that vision-based interaction is the future of computing. The excitement we see in the technology industry regarding touch and tablet computing is a harbinger of the changes that are coming as smarter computer vision systems evolve.

    Kinect for Windows has provided us with the tools to create some truly amazing products for education, hospitality, and events.

    Education: nsquared sky spelling

    We are excited to announce nsquared sky spelling, our first Kinect for Windows-based educational game. This new application, aimed at children aged 4 to 12, makes it fun for children to learn to spell in an interactive and collaborative environment. Each child selects a character or vehicle, such as a dragon, a biplane, or a butterfly, and then flies as that character through the sky to capture letters that complete the spelling of various words. The skeleton recognition capabilities of the Kinect for Windows sensor and software development kit (SDK) track the movement of the children as they stretch out their arms as wings to navigate their character through hoops alongside their wingman (another player). The color camera in the Kinect for Windows sensor allows each child to add their photo, thereby personalizing their experience.

    nsquared sky spelling
    nsquared sky spelling

    Hospitality: nsquared hotel kiosk

    The nsquared hotel kiosk augments the concierge function in a hotel by providing guidance to hotel guests through an intuitive, interactive experience. Guests can browse through images and videos of activities, explore locations on a map, and find out what's happening with a live event calendar. It also provides live weather updates and has customizable themes. The nsquared hotel kiosk uses the new gestures supported in the Kinect for Windows SDK 1.7, enabling users to use a “grip” gesture to drag content across the screen and a “push” gesture to select content. With its fun user interface, this informative kiosk provides guests an interactive alternative to the old brochure rack.

    Kinect for Windows technology enables nsquared to provide an interactive kiosk experience for less than half the price of a similar sized touchscreen (see note).

    nsquared hotel kiosk
    nsquared hotel kiosk

    Events: nsquared media viewer

    The new nsquared media viewer application is a great way to explore interactive content in almost any environment. Designed for building lobbies, experience centers, events, and corporate locations, the nsquared media viewer enables you to display images and video by category in a stylish, customizable carousel. Easy to use, anyone can walk up and start browsing in seconds.

    In addition to taking advantage of key features of the Kinect for Windows sensor and SDK, nsquared media viewer utilizes Windows Azure,  allowing clients to view reports about the usage of the screen and the content displayed.

    nsquared media viewer
    nsquared media viewer

    Kinect for Windows technology has made it possible for nsquared to create applications that allow people to interact with content in amazing new ways, helping us take a step towards our collective future of richer vision-based computing systems.

    Celeste Humphrey, business development consultant, and
    Dr. Neil Roodyn, director, nsquared

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    Note: Based on the price of 65-inch touch overlay at approximately US$900 compared to the cost of a Kinect for Windows sensor at approximately US$250. For integrated touch solutions, the price can be far higher.
    Back to blog...

  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Updated preview SDK now available


    Today, we are releasing an updated version of the Kinect for Windows SDK 2.0 public preview. This new SDK includes more than 200 improvements to the core SDK. Most notably, this release delivers the much sought after Kinect Fusion tool kit, which provides higher resolution camera tracking and performance. The updated SDK also includes substantial improvements in the tooling, specifically around Visual Gesture Builder (VGB) and Kinect Studio, and it offers 10 new samples (such as Discrete Gestures Basics, Face, and HD Face Basics) to get you coding faster. All of this adds up to a substantially more stable, more feature-rich product that lets you to get serious about finalizing your applications for commercial deployment and, later this year, for availability in the Windows Store.

    The SDK is free and there will be no fees for runtime licenses of commercial applications developed with the SDK.

    If you’ve already downloaded the public preview, please be sure to take advantage of today’s updates. And for developers who haven’t used Kinect for Windows v2 yet, there’s no better time to get started!

    The Kinect for Windows Team

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  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Using Kinect Background Removal with Multiple Users


    Introduction: Background Removal in Kinect for Windows

    The 1.8 release of the Kinect for Windows Developer Toolkit includes a component for isolating a user from the background of the scene. The component is called the BackgroundRemovedColorStream. This capability has many possible uses, such as simulating chroma-key or “green-screen” replacement of the background – without needing to use an actual green screen; compositing a person’s image into a virtual environment; or simply blurring out the background, so that video conference participants can’t see how messy your office really is.


    To use this feature in an application, you create the BackgroundRemovedColorStream, and then feed it each incoming color, depth, and skeleton frame when they are delivered by your Kinect for Windows sensor. You also specify which user you want to isolate, using their skeleton tracking ID. The BackgroundRemovedColorStream produces a sequence of color frames, in BGRA (blue/green/red/alpha) format. These frames are identical in content to the original color frames from the sensor, except that the alpha channel is used to distinguish foreground pixels from background pixels. Pixels that the background removal algorithm considers part of the background will have an alpha value of 0 (fully transparent), while foreground pixels will have their alpha at 255 (fully opaque). The foreground region is given a smoother edge by using intermediate alpha values (between 0 and 255) for a “feathering” effect. This image format makes it easy to combine the background-removed frames with other images in your application.

    As a developer, you get the choice of which user you want in the foreground. The BackgroundRemovalBasics-WPF sample has some simple logic that selects the user nearest the sensor, and then continues to track the same user until they are no longer visible in the scene.

    private void ChooseSkeleton()
        var isTrackedSkeltonVisible = false;
        var nearestDistance = float.MaxValue;
        var nearestSkeleton = 0;
        foreach (var skel in this.skeletons)
            if (null == skel)
            if (skel.TrackingState != SkeletonTrackingState.Tracked)
            if (skel.TrackingId == this.currentlyTrackedSkeletonId)
                isTrackedSkeltonVisible = true;
            if (skel.Position.Z < nearestDistance)
                nearestDistance = skel.Position.Z;
                nearestSkeleton = skel.TrackingId;
        if (!isTrackedSkeltonVisible && nearestSkeleton != 0)
            this.currentlyTrackedSkeletonId = nearestSkeleton;

    Wait, only one person?

    If you wanted to select more than one person from the scene to appear in the foreground, it would seem that you’re out of luck, because the BackgroundRemovedColorStream’s SetTrackedPlayer method accepts only one tracking ID. But you can work around this limitation by running two separate instances of the stream, and sending each one a different tracking ID. Each of these streams will produce a separate color image, containing one of the users. These images can then be combined into a single image, or used separately, depending on your application’s needs.

    Wait, only two people?

    In the most straightforward implementation of the multiple stream approach, you’d be limited to tracking just two people, due to an inherent limitation in the skeleton tracking capability of Kinect for Windows. Only two skeletons at a time can be tracked with full joint-level fidelity. The joint positions are required by the background removal implementation in order to perform its job accurately.

    However, there is an additional trick we can apply, to escape the two-skeleton limit. This trick relies on an assumption that the people in the scene will not be moving at extremely high velocities (generally a safe bet). If a particular skeleton is not fully tracked for a frame or two, we can instead reuse the most recent frame in which that skeleton actually was fully tracked. Since the skeleton tracking API lets us choose which two skeletons to track at full fidelity, we can choose a different pair of skeletons each frame, cycling through up to six skeletons we wish to track, over three successive frames.

    Each additional instance of BackgroundRemovedColor stream will place increased demands on CPU and memory. Depending on your own application’s needs and your hardware configuration, you may need to dial back the number of simultaneous users you can process in this way.

    Wait, only six people?

    Demanding, aren’t we? Sorry, the Kinect for Windows skeleton stream can monitor at most six people simultaneously (two at full fidelity, and four at lower fidelity). This is a hard limit.

    Introducing a multi-user background removal sample

    We’ve created a new sample application, called BackgroundRemovalMultiUser-WPF, to demonstrate how to use the technique described above to perform background removal on up to six people. We started with the code from the BackgroundRemovalBasics-WPF sample, and changed it to support multiple streams, one per user. The output from each stream is then overlaid on the backdrop image.


    Factoring the code: TrackableUser

    The largest change to the original sample was refactoring the application code that interacts the BackgroundRemovedColorStream, so that we can have multiple copies of it running simultaneously. This code, in the new sample, resides in a new class named TrackableUser. Let’s take a brief tour of the interesting parts of this class.

    The application can instruct TrackableUser to track a specific user by setting the TrackingId property appropriately.

    public int TrackingId
            return this.trackingId;
            if (value != this.trackingId)
                if (null != this.backgroundRemovedColorStream)
                    if (InvalidTrackingId != value)
                        this.Timestamp = DateTime.UtcNow;
                        // Hide the last frame that was received for this user.
                        this.imageControl.Visibility = Visibility.Hidden;      
                        this.Timestamp = DateTime.MinValue;
                this.trackingId = value;

    The Timestamp property indicates when the TrackingId was most recently set to a valid value. We’ll see later how this property is used by the sample application’s user-selection logic.

    public DateTime Timestamp { get; private set; }

    Whenever the application is notified that the default Kinect sensor has changed (at startup time, or when the hardware is plugged in or unplugged), it passes this information along to each TrackableUser by calling OnKinectSensorChanged. The TrackableUser, in turn, sets up or tears down its BackgroundRemovedColorStream accordingly.

    public void OnKinectSensorChanged(KinectSensor oldSensor, KinectSensor newSensor)
        if (null != oldSensor)
            // Remove sensor frame event handler.
            oldSensor.AllFramesReady -= this.SensorAllFramesReady;
            // Tear down the BackgroundRemovedColorStream for this user.
            this.backgroundRemovedColorStream.BackgroundRemovedFrameReady -=
            this.backgroundRemovedColorStream = null;
            this.TrackingId = InvalidTrackingId;
        this.sensor = newSensor;
        if (null != newSensor)
            // Setup a new BackgroundRemovedColorStream for this user.
            this.backgroundRemovedColorStream = new BackgroundRemovedColorStream(newSensor);
            this.backgroundRemovedColorStream.BackgroundRemovedFrameReady +=
            // Add an event handler to be called when there is new frame data from the sensor.
            newSensor.AllFramesReady += this.SensorAllFramesReady;

    Each time the Kinect sensor produces a matched set of depth, color, and skeleton frames, we forward each frame’s data along to the BackgroundRemovedColorStream.

    private void SensorAllFramesReady(object sender, AllFramesReadyEventArgs e)
            if (this.IsTracked)
                using (var depthFrame = e.OpenDepthImageFrame())
                    if (null != depthFrame)
                         // Process depth data for background removal.
                using (var colorFrame = e.OpenColorImageFrame())      
                    if (null != colorFrame)      
                        // Process color data for background removal.
                using (var skeletonFrame = e.OpenSkeletonFrame())
                    if (null != skeletonFrame)
                        // Save skeleton frame data for subsequent processing.
                        // Locate the most recent data in which this user was fully tracked.
                        bool isUserPresent = UpdateTrackedSkeletonsArray();
                        // If we have an array in which this user is fully tracked,
                        // process the skeleton data for background removal.
                        if (isUserPresent && null != this.skeletonsTracked)

    The UpdateTrackedSkeletonsArray method implements the logic to reuse skeleton data from an older frame when the newest frame contains the user’s skeleton, but not in a fully-tracked state. It also informs the caller whether the user with the requested tracking ID is still present in the scene.

    private bool UpdateTrackedSkeletonsArray()
        // Determine if this user is still present in the scene.
        bool isUserPresent = false;
        foreach (var skeleton in this.skeletonsNew)
            if (skeleton.TrackingId == this.TrackingId)
                isUserPresent = true;
                if (skeleton.TrackingState == SkeletonTrackingState.Tracked)
                    // User is fully tracked: save the new array of skeletons,
                    // and recycle the old saved array for reuse next time.
                    var temp = this.skeletonsTracked;
                    this.skeletonsTracked = this.skeletonsNew;
                    this.skeletonsNew = temp;
        if (!isUserPresent)
            // User has disappeared; stop trying to track.
            this.TrackingId = TrackableUser.InvalidTrackingId;
        return isUserPresent;

    Whenever the BackgroundRemovedColorStream produces a frame, we copy its BGRA data to the bitmap that is the underlying Source for an Image element in the MainWindow. This causes the updated frame to appear within the application’s window, overlaid on the background image.

    private void BackgroundRemovedFrameReadyHandler(
        object sender,
        BackgroundRemovedColorFrameReadyEventArgs e)
        using (var backgroundRemovedFrame = e.OpenBackgroundRemovedColorFrame())
             if (null != backgroundRemovedFrame && this.IsTracked)
                 int width = backgroundRemovedFrame.Width;
                 int height = backgroundRemovedFrame.Height;
                 WriteableBitmap foregroundBitmap =
                    this.imageControl.Source as WriteableBitmap;
                // If necessary, allocate new bitmap. Set it as the source of the Image
                // control.
                if (null == foregroundBitmap ||
                    foregroundBitmap.PixelWidth != width ||
                    foregroundBitmap.PixelHeight != height)
                    foregroundBitmap = new WriteableBitmap(
                    this.imageControl.Source = foregroundBitmap;
                // Write the pixel data into our bitmap.
                    new Int32Rect(0, 0, width, height),
                    width * sizeof(uint),
                // A frame has been delivered; ensure that it is visible.
                this.imageControl.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;

    Limiting the number of users to track

    As mentioned earlier, the maximum number of trackable users may have a practical limit, depending on your hardware. To specify the limit, we define a constant in the MainWindow class:

    private const int MaxUsers = 6;

    You can modify this constant to have any value from 2 to 6. (Values larger than 6 are not useful, as Kinect for Windows does not track more than 6 users.)

    Selecting users to track: The User View

    We want to provide a convenient way to choose which users will be tracked for background removal. To do this, we present a view of the detected users in a small inset. By clicking on the users displayed in this inset, we can select which of those users are associated with our TrackableUser objects, causing them to be included in the foreground.


    We update the user view each time a depth frame is received by the sample’s main window.

    private void UpdateUserView(DepthImageFrame depthFrame)
        // Store the depth data.
        // Write the per-user colors into the user view bitmap, one pixel at a time.
            uint* userViewBits = (uint*)this.userViewBitmap.BackBuffer;
            fixed (uint* userColors = &this.userColors[0])
                // Walk through each pixel in the depth data.
                fixed (DepthImagePixel* depthData = &this.depthData[0])      
                    DepthImagePixel* depthPixel = depthData;
                    DepthImagePixel* depthPixelEnd = depthPixel + this.depthData.Length;
                    while (depthPixel < depthPixelEnd)
                        // Lookup a pixel color based on the player index.
                        // Store the color in the user view bitmap's buffer.
                        *(userViewBits++) = *(userColors + (depthPixel++)->PlayerIndex);
        this.userViewBitmap.AddDirtyRect(new Int32Rect(0, 0, width, height));

    This code fills the user view bitmap with solid-colored regions representing each of the detected users, as distinguished by the value of the PlayerIndex field at each pixel in the depth frame.

    The main window responds to a mouse click within the user view by locating the corresponding pixel in the most recent depth frame, and using its PlayerIndex to look up the user’s TrackingId in the most recent skeleton data. The TrackingID is passed along to the ToggleUserTracking method, which will attempt to toggle the tracking of that TrackingID between the tracked and untracked states.

    private void UserViewMouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        // Determine which pixel in the depth image was clicked.
        Point p = e.GetPosition(this.UserView);
        int depthX =
            (int)(p.X * this.userViewBitmap.PixelWidth / this.UserView.ActualWidth);
        int depthY =
            (int)(p.Y * this.userViewBitmap.PixelHeight / this.UserView.ActualHeight);
        int pixelIndex = (depthY * this.userViewBitmap.PixelWidth) + depthX;
        if (pixelIndex >= 0 && pixelIndex < this.depthData.Length)
            // Find the player index in the depth image. If non-zero, toggle background
            // removal for the corresponding user.
            short playerIndex = this.depthData[pixelIndex].PlayerIndex;
            if (playerIndex > 0)
                // playerIndex is 1-based, skeletons array is 0-based, so subtract 1.
                this.ToggleUserTracking(this.skeletons[playerIndex - 1].TrackingId);

    Picking which users will be tracked

    When MaxUsers is less than 6, we need some logic to handle a click on an untracked user, and we are already tracking the maximum number of users. We choose to stop tracking the user who was tracked earliest (based on timestamp), and start tracking the newly chosen user immediately. This logic is implemented in ToggleUserTracking.

    private void ToggleUserTracking(int trackingId)
        if (TrackableUser.InvalidTrackingId != trackingId)
            DateTime minTimestamp = DateTime.MaxValue;
            TrackableUser trackedUser = null;
            TrackableUser staleUser = null;
            // Attempt to find a TrackableUser with a matching TrackingId.
            foreach (var user in this.trackableUsers)
                if (user.TrackingId == trackingId)
                    // Yes, this TrackableUser has a matching TrackingId.
                    trackedUser = user;
                // Find the "stale" user (the trackable user with the earliest timestamp).
                if (user.Timestamp < minTimestamp)
                    staleUser = user;
                    minTimestamp = user.Timestamp;
            if (null != trackedUser)
                // User is being tracked: toggle to not tracked.
                trackedUser.TrackingId = TrackableUser.InvalidTrackingId;
                // User is not currently being tracked: start tracking, by reusing
                // the "stale" trackable user.
                staleUser.TrackingId = trackingId;

    Once we’ve determined which users will be tracked by the TrackableUser objects, we need to ensure that those users are being targeted for tracking by the skeleton stream on a regular basis (at least once every three frames). UpdateChosenSkeletons implements this using a round-robin scheme.

    private void UpdateChosenSkeletons()
        KinectSensor sensor = this.sensorChooser.Kinect;
        if (null != sensor)
            // Choose which of the users will be tracked in the next frame.
            int trackedUserCount = 0;
            for (int i = 0; i < MaxUsers && trackedUserCount < this.trackingIds.Length; ++i)
                // Get the trackable user for consideration.
                var trackableUser = this.trackableUsers[this.nextUserIndex];
                if (trackableUser.IsTracked)
                    // If this user is currently being tracked, copy its TrackingId to the
                    // array of chosen users.
                    this.trackingIds[trackedUserCount++] = trackableUser.TrackingId;
                // Update the index for the next user to be considered.
                this.nextUserIndex = (this.nextUserIndex + 1) % MaxUsers;
            // Fill any unused slots with InvalidTrackingId.
            for (int i = trackedUserCount; i < this.trackingIds.Length; ++i)
                this.trackingIds[i] = TrackableUser.InvalidTrackingId;
            // Pass the chosen tracking IDs to the skeleton stream.
            sensor.SkeletonStream.ChooseSkeletons(this.trackingIds[0], this.trackingIds[1]);

    Combining multiple foreground images

    Now that we can have multiple instances of TrackableUser, each producing a background-removed image of a user, we need to combine those images on-screen. We do this by creating multiple overlapping Image elements (one per trackable user), each parented by the MaskedColorImages element, which itself is a sibling of the Backdrop element. Wherever the background has been removed from each image, the backdrop image will show through.

    As each image is created, we associate it with its own TrackableUser.

    public MainWindow()
        // Create one Image control per trackable user.
        for (int i = 0; i < MaxUsers; ++i)
            Image image = new Image();
            this.trackableUsers[i] = new TrackableUser(image);

    To capture and save a snapshot of the current composited image, we create two VisualBrush objects, one for the Backdrop, and one for MaskedColorImages. We draw rectangles with each of these brushes, into a bitmap, and then write the bitmap to a file.

    private void ButtonScreenshotClick(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        var dv = new DrawingVisual();
        using (var dc = dv.RenderOpen())
            // Render the backdrop.
            var backdropBrush = new VisualBrush(Backdrop);      
                new Rect(new Point(), new Size(colorWidth, colorHeight)));
            // Render the foreground.
            var colorBrush = new VisualBrush(MaskedColorImages);      
                new Rect(new Point(), new Size(colorWidth, colorHeight)));


    While the BackgroundRemovedColorStream is limited to tracking only one user at a time, the new BackgroundRemovalMultiUser-WPF sample demonstrates that you can run multiple stream instances to track up to six users simultaneously. When using this technique, you should consider – and measure – the increased resource demands (CPU and memory) that the additional background removal streams will have, and determine for yourself how many streams your configuration can handle.

    We hope that this sample opens up new possibilities for using background removal in your own applications.

    John Elsbree
    Principal Software Development Engineer
    Kinect for Windows

  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Inside the Kinect for Windows SDK Update with Peter Zatloukal and Bob Heddle


    Now that the updated Kinect for Windows SDK  is available for download, Engineering Manager Peter Zatloukal and Group Program Manager Bob Heddle sat down to discuss what this significant update means to developers.

    Bob Heddle demonstrates the new infrared functionality in the Kinect for Windows SDK 
    Bob Heddle demonstrates the new infrared functionality in the Kinect for Windows SDK.

    Why should developers care about this update to the Kinect for Windows Software Development Kit (SDK)?

    Bob: Because they can do more stuff and then deploy that stuff on multiple operating systems!

    Peter: In general, developers will like the Kinect for Windows SDK because it gives them what I believe is the best tool out there for building applications with gesture and voice.

    In the SDK update, you can do more things than you could before, there’s more documentation, plus there’s a specific sample called Basic Interactions that’s a follow-on to our Human Interface Guidelines (HIG). Human Interface Guidelines are a big investment of ours, and will continue to be. First we gave businesses and developers the HIG in May, and now we have this first sample, demonstrating an implementation of the HIG. With it, the Physical Interaction Zone (PhIZ) is exposed. The PhIZ is a component that maps a motion range to the screen size, allowing users to comfortably control the cursor on the screen.

    This sample is a bit hidden in the toolkit browser, but everyone should check it out. It embodies best practices that we described in the HIG and is can be re-purposed by developers easily and quickly.

    Bob: First we had the HIG, now we have this first sample. And it’s only going to get better. There will be more to come in the future.

    Why upgrade?

    Bob: There’s no downside to upgrading, so everyone should do it today! There are no breaking changes; it’s fully compatible with previous releases of the SDK, it gives you better operating support reach, there are a lot of new features, and it supports distribution in more countries with localized setup and license agreements. And, of course, China is now part of the equation.

    Peter: There are four basic reasons to use the Kinect for Windows SDK and to upgrade to the most recent version:

    • More sensor data are exposed in this release.
    • It’s easier to use than ever (more samples, more documentation).
    • There’s more operating system and tool support (including Windows 8, virtual machine support, Microsoft Visual Studio 2012, and Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5).
    • It supports distribution in more geographical locations. 

    What are your top three favorite features in the latest release of the SDK and why?

    Peter: If I must limit myself to three, then I’d say the HIG sample (Basic Interactions) is probably my favorite new thing. Secondly, there’s so much more documentation for developers. And last but not least…infrared! I’ve been dying for infrared since the beginning. What do you expect? I’m a developer. Now I can see in the dark!

    Bob: My three would be extended-range depth data, color camera settings, and Windows 8 support. Why wouldn’t you want to have the ability to develop for Windows 8? And by giving access to the depth data, we’re giving developers the ability to see beyond 4 meters. Sure, the data out at that range isn’t always pretty, but we’ve taken the guardrails off—we’re letting you go off-roading. Go for it!

    New extended-range depth data now provides details beyond 4 meters. These images show the difference between depth data gathered from previous SDKs (left) versus the updated SDK (right). 
    New extended-range depth data now provides details beyond 4 meters. These images show the difference between depth data gathered from previous SDKs (left) versus the updated SDK (right).

    Peter: Oh yeah, and regarding camera settings, in case it isn’t obvious: this is for those people who want to tune their apps specifically to known environments.

    What's it like working together?

    Peter: Bob is one of the most technically capable program managers (PMs) I have had the privilege of working with.

    Bob: We have worked together for so long—over a decade and in three different companies—so there is a natural trust in each other and our abilities. When you are lucky to have that, you don’t have to spend energy and time figuring out how to work together. Instead, you can focus on getting things done. This leaves us more time to really think about the customer rather than the division of labor.

    Peter: My team is organized by the areas of technical affinity. I have developers focused on:

    • SDK runtime
    • Computer vision/machine learning
    • Drivers and low-level subsystems
    • Audio
    • Samples and tools

    Bob: We have a unique approach to the way we organize our teams: I take a very scenario-driven approach, while Peter takes a technically focused approach. My team is organized into PMs who look holistically across what end users need, versus what commercial customers need, versus what developers need.

    Peter: We organize this way intentionally and we believe it’s a best practice that allows us to iterate quickly and successfully!

    What was the process you and your teams went through to determine what this SDK release would include, and who is this SDK for?

    Bob: This SDK is for every Kinect for Windows developer and anyone who wants to develop with voice and gesture. Seriously, if you’re already using a previous version, there is really no reason not to upgrade. You might have noticed that we gave developers a first version of the SDK in February, then a significant update in May, and now this release. We have designed Kinect for Windows around rapid updates to the SDK; as we roll out new functionality, we test our backwards compatibility very thoroughly, and we ensure no breaking changes.

    We are wholeheartedly dedicated to Kinect for Windows. And we’re invested in continuing to release updated iterations of the SDK rapidly for our business and developer customers. I hope the community recognizes that we’re making the SDK easier and easier to use over time and are really listening to their feedback.

    Peter Zatloukal, Engineering Manager
    Bob Heddle, Group Program Manager
    Kinect for Windows

    Related Links

  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    FIRST Teams to Use Kinect for Windows to Control Robots


    Getting technology to do what you want can be challenging. Imagine building a remote-controlled robot in 6 weeks, from pre-defined parts, which can perform various tasks in a competitive environment. That’s the challenge presented to 2,500 teams of students who will be participating in the FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Robotics Competition.

    The worldwide competition, open to students in grades 9-12, kicks off this morning with a NASA-televised event, including pre-recorded opening remarks from Presidents Clinton and G.W. Bush, Dean Kamen, founder of FIRST and inventor of the Segway, and Alex Kipman, General Manager, Hardware Incubation, Xbox.

    Last year, several FIRST teams experimented with the Kinect natural user interface capabilities to control their robots. The difference this year is the Kinect hardware and software will be included in the parts kits teams receive to build their robots. Teams will be able to control their robots not only with joy sticks, but gestures and possibly spoken commands.

    The first part of the competition is the autonomous period, in which robot can only be controlled by sensor input and commands. This is when the depth and speech capabilities of Kinect will prove extremely useful.

     To help teams understand how to incorporate Kinect technologies into the design of their robot controls for the 2012 competition, workshops are being held around the country. Students will be using C# or C++ to program the drive stations of their robots to recognize and respond to gestures and poses.

    In addition, Microsoft Stores across the country are teaming up with FIRST robotics teams to provide Kinect tools, technical support, and assistance.

    While winning teams get bragging rights, all participants gain real-world experience by working with professional engineers to build their team’s robot, using sophisticated hardware and software, such as the Kinect for Windows SDK. Team members also gain design, programming, project management, and strategic thinking experience. Last but not least, over $15 million of college scholarships will be awarded throughout the competition.

    “The ability to utilize Kinect technologies and capabilities to transform the way people interact with computers already has sparked the imagination of thousands of developers, students, and researchers from around the world,” notes FIRST founder Dean Kamen. “We look forward to seeing how FIRST students utilize Kinect in the design and manipulation of their robots, and are grateful to Microsoft for participating in the competition as well as offering their support and donating thousands of Kinect sensors.”

    This morning’s kick-off of the 2012 FIRST Robotics Competition was a highly anticipated day. Approximately 2,500 teams worldwide were given a kit of 600-700 discrete parts including a Kinect sensor and the Kinect for Windows software development kit (SDK), along with the details and rules for this year’s game, Rebound Rumble. Learn how Kinect for Windows will play a role in this year’s game by watching the game animation.

    Kinect for Windows team

  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Enabling retailers to drive business in new, innovative ways


    It is essential for retailers to find ways to attract and connect with customers—and to stand out from the competition. To help them do so, the industry is grappling with how to build interactive experiences at scale that engage and truly help customers make satisfying purchasing decisions while also using retail space strategically to provide the best possible experience.

    To get a deeper understanding of what this means, we did extensive first-hand research with dozens of retailers and big brands . We learned how retailers think about implementing natural user interface technology (NUI) and how they see these experiences helping propel their businesses forward.

    What we heard:

    • NUI offers one of the best ways to interact with large screens in stores.
    • Exploring virtual merchandise by gesturing naturally is easy, engaging, and fun for customers.
    • Immersive experiences can improve the purchase process and are an impactful way to market and sell to customers.

    We agree. And we believe it’s important for us to bring these findings back into Kinect for Windows by delivering features that facilitate the best retail innovations. To help support this, we recently released an update to our SDK (Kinect for Windows SDK 1.8) that includes new features specifically designed to enable the development of higher-quality digital signage applications. Key features include the ability to remove backgrounds, an adaptive UI sample, and an HTML interaction sample.

    To help illustrate what this all means, our team developed the following three videos. They show how Kinect for Windows experiences can help retailers attract new customers and engage customers in deeper ways. They offer examples of ways that digital signs powered by Kinect for Windows can draw customers into the business—making it possible for retailers to share offerings, cross-sell and upsell merchandise, bring the “endless aisle” concept to life, and, ultimately, inspire shoppers to purchase. And all of this is accomplished in a beautiful way that feels natural to the customer.

    This enjoyable and easy-to-use application engages new customers by helping them understand and experience the resort, while also providing them with an offer to receive a discount on future stays.

    This digital sign application is powered by Kinect for Windows and makes it easy for shoppers to engage with products, try them on, and purchase them. It also incorporates social media for additional marketing reach.

    This last video demonstrates the ability to welcome a person or people into an immersive real-time experience with the store’s merchandise. It demonstrates the Kinect Fusion scanning features that can be used as part of this and many other retail experiences.

    These videos highlight some of the core benefits retailers tell us Kinect for Windows offers them:

    • Capture a customer's attention
    • Educate customers about products
    • Move a customer through the decision-making cycle to close a sale

    Kinect for Windows does this by optimizing interactions with existing large screens and enhancing the overall retail space—using gesture and voice control, background removal, proximity-based interface, and more.

    So many companies have already created exciting retail experiences with Kinect for Windows: Bloomingdales, Build-a-Bear, Coca-Cola, Mattel, Nissan, Pepsi, and others. We are excited to see the new ways that Kinect for Windows is being applied in retail. The dramatic shifts in consumer shopping behaviors, preferences, and expectations in retail today are driving innovation to new levels. The possibilities are endless when we use the latest technology to put the customer at the heart of the business.

    Kinect for Windows Team

    Key links




  • Kinect for Windows Product Blog

    Kinect for Windows at Imagine Cup 2012 Finals


    The Imagine Cup competition—which recently concluded its tenth year—throws the spotlight on cutting-edge innovations. Two-thirds of the education-focused projects utilized Microsoft Kinect in a variety of different ways, including interactive therapy for stroke victims, an automated cart to help make solo trips to crowded public places manageable for the disabled, and an application to help dyslexic children learn the alphabet.

    Team Wi-GO of Portugal invented a Kinect-enabled cart to aid the disabled.

    Team Wi-GO of Portugal invented a Kinect-enabled cart to aid the disabled.

    Students from 75 countries participated in the Imagine Cup Finals, held July 6 to 11 in Sydney, Australia, which featured more than 100 projects. Kinect for Windows played a significant role in this year's competition, with 28 Kinect-enabled projects across multiple categories—including Software Design, Game Design, Windows Azure, and a Fun Labs Challenge that was focused entirely on Kinect.

    With the goal of using technology to help solve the world's toughest problems, students put Kinect to work providing the digital eyes, ears, and tracking capabilities needed for a range of potential new products and applications. We applaud all of the teams who incorporated Kinect for Windows into their projects this year! Here are highlights from a few of them:

    • Third-place Software Design Category: Team wi-GO (Portugal) designed a cart to free the hands of a person in a wheelchair. It tracks the person seated in the chair while avoiding obstacles (including other people) when navigating through crowded stores, malls, airports, hospitals, and more. The solution may even have industrial applications, serving as a tool to transport objects without the need for human assistance.
      Tools: Kinect for Windows, Windows 8, and Netduino open-source electronics platform with .NET Micro Framework
    • Second-place Kinect Fun Labs Challenge: Team Whiteboard Pirates (United States) developed Duck Duck Punch, a "game" that provides therapy to people who have experienced strokes and need help improving their range-of-arm motion. This “game” has the patient stretch to hit digital birds within prescribed limits; physical therapists can tailor the experience to each individual’s needs.
      Tools: Kinect for Windows and Kinect Gadget Accelerator Kit
    • Third-place Kinect Fun Labs Challenge: Team Flexify (Poland) made Reh the Dragon, a rehabilitation application that transforms tedious rehabilitation exercises for children into a fun and engaging game-like adventure.
      Tools: Kinect for Windows and XNA Game Studio
    • Health Awareness Award: Italian Ingenium Team (Italy) developed The Fifth Element Project, which uses Kinect voice recognition and motion detection to help autistic children learn through play and movement.
      Tools: Kinect for Xbox 360, Windows Azure, Windows 7, and Windows 8
    • People's Choice Award: The D Labs (India) built a tool for children who have dyslexia that aids in alphabet identification and other skills while tracking behavioral patterns.
      Tools: Kinect for Xbox 360, Microsoft Silverlight, Windows Azure, XNA Game Studio, and Windows 8
    • Finalist: Make a Sign (Belgium) created a sign language database, complete with Kinect motion tracking that confirms when a gesture is performed correctly.
      Tools: Kinect for Xbox 360, Windows Phone, and Windows Azure

    "Imagine Cup is about giving students the resources and tools they need to succeed and then getting out of their way and letting them create," said Walid Abu-Hadba, corporate vice president of Microsoft's Developer and Platform Evangelism group. "Kinect in particular is unlocking a new class of interactive solutions. It's inspiring to watch the way students from a multitude of backgrounds find common ground as they combine their love of technology with their determination to make a difference. It's amazing."

    We look forward to next year’s Imagine Cup. In the meantime, keep up the great work.

    Kinect for Windows Team

    Key Links

    • Kinect for Windows Gallery
    • Imagine Cup website
    • Imagine Cup winners and finalists
    • Team wi-GO
    • Team Whiteboard Pirates
    • Team Flexify
    • Italian Ingenium Team
    • The D Labs
    • Make a Sign

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