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While we know that climate change will likely affect every aspect of the food system—from our ability to grow food, to the reliability of food transportation and food safety, to the dynamics of international trade in agricultural goods—we don’t yet know how to anticipate and mitigate against what may be negative changes. With this in mind, on July 24, 2015, Microsoft, in partnership with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), will launch the Innovation Challenge, a contest designed to explore how climate change will impact the United States’ food system with the intent of achieving better food resiliency.
The challenge invites entrants to develop and publish new applications and tools that can analyze multiple sources of information about the nation’s food supply, including key USDA datasets that are now hosted on Microsoft Azure, Microsoft’s cloud-computing platform.
The challenge offers prizes—including a top prize of US$25,000—for applications that make use of the USDA data and provide actionable insights to farmers, agriculture businesses, scientists or consumers. In addition, through the Microsoft Azure for Research program, Microsoft is granting hours of cloud computing time and terabytes of cloud storage to be used to aid university researchers and students who take part in the challenge. With a November 20, 2015, deadline for entries, challenge participants have three months to submit their applications. Winners will be announced in December 2015.
The food resilience theme of the challenge seeks to inspire the creation of tools that help users analyze and explore our food systems. For the first time, key USDA datasets are available in the cloud, where they can be accessed and blended with other data to obtain novel insights or produce new types of end-user applications. Combining USDA data with cloud-computing resources allows even very high fidelity and complex models to be processed in a timely manner and enables results to be delivered to remote users on their laptops, tablets or mobile phones.
The increased prevalence and availability of data from satellite imagery, remote sensors, surveys and economic reports mean that we can analyze, model and predict an extremely diverse set of properties associated with our food production. Applications might combine data from the USDA and other government sources, such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) or the United States Geological Survey, and can be targeted at farmers, scientists, food producers, insurance companies or consumers.
Simply put, the intent of the challenge is to stimulate the exploration of the USDA’s data and to encourage new questions to be asked of these data, either in isolation or in combination with other data feeds or tools. We expect that many developers will start from existing data science tools, machine learning algorithms and visualization techniques; whatever the starting point, we are confident that participants will create valuable tools that promote the goal of food resilience.
For more information about the USDA partnership, read the Microsoft on the Issues blog.
—Daron Green, Deputy Managing Director, Microsoft Research
The first week of July didn’t just see the arrival of extraordinarily high temperatures across Europe—it also brought extraordinarily high energy to Microsoft Research Cambridge, UK, as 81 top PhD students gathered for the tenth annual Microsoft Research Cambridge PhD Summer School. Hailing from 35 research institutions spanning 16 countries in Europe, the Middle East and Africa, the students brought huge diversity to the Cambridge Lab, not just in terms of national origin and culture, but also in their research backgrounds, which extended beyond computer science and engineering into the realms of design and various natural and social sciences. The event’s attendees included recipients of Microsoft Research PhD Scholarships, along with students whose work involves our EMEA Joint Research Centres and those who are collaborating on Microsoft Azure for Research projects or are otherwise partnering with Microsoft Research Cambridge.
Microsoft Research Cambridge Laboratory Director, Andrew Blake, opened the Summer School, welcoming the students before they launched into an ambitious four-day agenda—a carefully designed mix of scientific talks and demonstrations, training sessions and other practical activities, and social events that offered lots of opportunities for networking.
Following are the highlights of this year’s PhD Summer School.
Talks from invited experts
The invited talks began with considerable excitement when Hermann Hauser, a serial entrepreneur and co-founder of such high-tech companies as Acorn Computers (famous for the BBC Micro, which dominated the UK educational computer market in the 1980s, and later spun out ARM and a number of other companies), gave a talk entitled “Technology Development.” Hauser first described earlier waves of computing, before concentrating on machine learning and artificial intelligence as technologies that could transform not just our economy but every aspect of our future lives.
Other invited speakers included Marta Kwiatkowska, professor of computing systems at the University of Oxford, who explained aspects of DNA computing in her talk entitled “Computing Reliably with Molecular Walkers,” and Bernhard Schölkopf, director of the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, who delivered a talk on “Empirical Inference in Intelligent Systems.”
The researcher talks and demonstrations gave a broad overview of the activity in the Cambridge Lab, from environmental science and computational biology, to various aspects of core computer science, design and human-computer interaction. The students were especially attentive—you might even say awestruck—when Microsoft researcher and Turing Award winner Sir Tony Hoare spoke on “The Laws of Programming with Concurrency,” giving a historic account of his work on Hoare logic and communicating sequential processes (CSP).
Researcher talks gave the students an overview of the cutting-edge work underway at Microsoft Research Cambridge.
A special highlight was the Code Hunt contest, during which the attendees could demonstrate their C# or Java programming ability by solving a series of increasingly complex coding puzzles. About half the students participated, and the winners received special acknowledgement at the formal dinner on Thursday evening at Jesus College Cambridge.
The training activities are an all-time favourite in the Summer School agenda. Besides professional coaching on how to deliver a research presentation and how to present a poster at an international conference, students heard lectures from senior Microsoft researchers, who shared their general learnings on research and how to pursue a successful research career.
Lunchtimes provided food for the brain as well as the body, as the PhD students presented their posters to the 100-plus researchers (and almost as many summer interns) of the Cambridge Lab. Presenters got invaluable feedback from their peers and the Microsoft researchers, and also benefited from the insightful advice of poster coach Sue Duraikan from Duraikan Training, a consultancy that provides support in designing and delivering learning strategies.
Even PhD students need to eat, and they dined in style at the formal dinner at Jesus College Cambridge. Ah, and you thought this was a photo from Hogwarts!
The 2015 PhD Summer School closed with a packed lunch on Friday—not every meal can be as refined as the dinner at Jesus College! As in other years, I was sorry to see the event end, since I really enjoy getting caught up in the excitement of these students who are on the cusp of great careers. Fortunately, I can look forward to next year’s event, and hope that the weather will once again put the “summer” in the Microsoft Research Cambridge Summer School.
—Scarlet Schwiderski-Grosche, Senior Research Program Manager, Microsoft Research
The 2015 Microsoft Research Faculty Summit is over, but I am still recovering my voice from all the great hallway conversations! The summit reminded my fellow Microsoft researchers, our myriad collaborators in academia, and me of what we have already accomplished and the exciting opportunities ahead.
Harold Javid blogged about day one of the summit in detail, but I would like to call out a few of my own takeaways from that day. First, I was extremely pleased by the reactions to Jeannette Wing’s announcements of the RFPs for Microsoft HoloLens and Catapult. I overheard my academic colleagues discussing ideas for taking advantage of these grant opportunities. I enjoyed the spirited discussions that characterized Eric Horvitz’s panel on artificial intelligence—there’s a palpable excitement about the entire AI field that Eric’s panel captured. You can watch on demand Jeannette’s keynote and Eric’s session.
The Universal Design breakout session offered some fresh motivation and approaches for diversity, which Harold covered in his blog. Although diversity is my passion, Professor Charles Isbell of Georgia Tech delivered an “aha moment” for me. More than 60 percent of the faculty at the top 4, 10, 20, and 25 computer science programs are graduates of one of these same programs. The ranking of one’s PhD institution is a huge factor in hiring—departments hire at their own rank or higher. This is common knowledge, but Charles connected it to diversity. If the very top programs would make a truly concerted effort to increase the participation of women and minorities in PhD programs, the effect would propagate throughout the entire computer science field. Only a few people, those who lead and serve on the PhD admissions committees, can make it happen.
Finally, I really enjoyed socializing that evening with colleagues from around the world. It was great to see so many old friends—and to make new ones. I was especially excited that so many assistant professors attended for the first time and were enjoying the research breadth of the content and making new connections. My abiding memory of the reception will be the way Harry Shum used his “rock star” status to spark animated conversations throughout the night.
On day two, I had the honor of introducing one of the most influential researchers in my field, Stanford professor Monica Lam. Monica delivered a provocative keynote on Omlet, an app that she and her students at Stanford created as an open alternative to Facebook and China’s WeChat, which she indicts as “big-brother” social networks that trample privacy and exploit users’ personal data to their own profitable advantage. I could try to summarize her arguments, but I wouldn’t do them justice, so I encourage you to listen to her presentation for yourself. Everyone was hungry for more technical details.
Monica Lam delivered her keynote, A Revolution Against Big-Brother Social Networks.
After Monica’s address, it was time for the Research Showcase. This year, we expanded the showcase to include 47 demo and poster booths with a range of exciting projects underway at Microsoft, many of them joint efforts with academic institutions. There was truly something to interest researchers from every domain of computer science. The demos were clustered around six broad themes—Artificial Intelligence, Software, Devices, Computing in Society, Research in Action and Engaging With Microsoft—and featured crowd-pleasers like the RoomAlive Toolkit and cutting-edge topics like What Can We Solve with a Quantum Computer?
My own favorite was the demo of an AI project that can accurately guess your weight, waist size and body mass index (BMI) based on a handful of inputs. (The estimate was over in my case!) The TouchDevelop demo showed some of the software capabilities of the tiny Microbit programmable device that will soon be in the hands of every middle-school-aged student in the UK. The booth on Programmability of Scalable, Geo-Distributed, Interactive Applications—surely in the running for the wordiest name—is using a variant of the actor model, which was invented by Professor Gul Agha of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, who enjoyed the demo with me and had some great feedback for the interns! Serendipitous moments like this are what make the Faculty Summit special.
The Research Showcase featured 47 demo and poster booths with a range of exciting projects underway at Microsoft, many of them joint efforts with academic institutions.
More than 400 summit attendees viewed the showcase, and a number of them voted for their favorite demos. The results of this highly unscientific popularity contest were as follows:
After the showcase and lunch, it was time for more breakout sessions, including one I led on Programming Models for Estimates, Approximation, and Probabilistic Reasoning (maybe I shouldn’t have been so hard on that wordy demo title). A panel of experts—Noah Goodman of Stanford University, Dan Grossman of the University of Washington, Michael Carbin of Microsoft Research and MIT, and Todd Mytkowicz of Microsoft Research—provided multiple perspectives on how to deal with the problems that result from using data from sensors, machine learning, approximation and crowdsourcing, all of which have errors. From programming to type theory to probabilistic reasoning, there were enough equations to satisfy even hardcore mathletes. Their presentations attracted a very diverse set of researchers, including experts and theorists in programming languages and AI, and generated a lot of pointed questions.
Then I was off to sit in on the biggest draw of all the breakout sessions—the standing-room-only discussion of The Holoscene: Virtual and Mixed Reality. This informative and entertaining presentation traced the history and promise of holography, and talked honestly about the problems, both technical and social, that remain to be solved before we all begin living in a mixed environment of the virtual and physical worlds. You will be able to view this session and many of the other breakout sessions online soon. If you’d like to review the presenters’ slides, many of them are already downloadable from the agenda page.
Peter Lee, corporate VP of Microsoft Research, delivered the concluding keynote.
The concluding keynote from Peter Lee, corporate VP of Microsoft Research, was aspirational. He described the philosophy and example research projects in our new research division at Microsoft, called NeXT (New Experiences and Technologies), which he is leading. NeXT aspires to create a new model for conducting research and technology transfer—with joy, risk taking and fearless dedication to discovery. He exhorted the audience to double-down on basic and disruptive research, especially today, when politicians and the public often demand to know the ROI for their research investments. He ended his talk with the metaphor of research as a rollercoaster ride: it’s terrifying as you climb up the first hill, but exhilarating once the ride gets rolling.
I hope all of you will heed Peter’s advice—create your own rollercoaster!
—Kathryn S. McKinley, Principal Researcher, Microsoft Research