Murray Sargent: Math in Office

I'm a software development engineer in Microsoft Office and have been working mostly on the RichEdit editor since 1994. In this blog I focus on mathematics in Office along with some posts on RichEdit and the early Windows days
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Math in Office 2010

    Imagine typing alt+= in PowerPoint, OneNote, Excel, and, of course, Word and Outlook to enter a math zone and then type a^2+b^2=c^2<space> to see the Pythagorean theorem beautifully typeset on your screen! Or some way more complicated equation,...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    RichEdit versions

    Recurring questions are what RichEdit's are available, where they are installed and what features they have. A relatively new question is which RichEdit's support the new Office math editing and display. So this post attempts to answer these questions...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    High-Quality Editing and Display of Mathematical Text in Office 2007

    This post is a summary of material I've given in recent talks on math in Office such as this one . In the talks, I describe and demonstrate how Unicode's rich mathematical character set combined with OpenType font technology, TeX 's mathematical typography...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Converting Equations from MathType to Word 2007's Equation Format

    MathType users may want to convert their equations to Word 2007's native equation format. This can be done by exporting the equations in MathML and then pasting them into Word 2007. There are some problems and useful tricks that Dadi Gudmundsson ( www...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Breaking Equations into Multiple Lines

    Long equations often do not fit on a single line and ways are needed to break them up for display on multiple lines. Word 2007 offers two approaches: automatic and manual line breaking. A related feature is alignment of multiple equations, such as aligning...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Formula Autobuildup in Word 2007

    This is an introductory post to help users who want to create stunning technical documents in Word 2007. If you’ve typed Alt+= in Word 2007, you’ve seen a math-zone object inserted that says “Type equation here”. Actually you can type any mathematical...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Inserting Tables Using the Keyboard

    This post describes a little trick that lets you insert a table into RichEdit and into Word just using the keyboard. Admittedly in Word, you can use the handy table tool on the Insert tab with a mouse or with a keyboard. But in WordPad and the Windows...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    MathML and Ecma Math (OMML)

    Before comparing these two math XMLs, I'm excited to point you at Jennifer Michelstein's nifty post on Equations in Word 2007 . It comes complete with instructive videos demonstrating how to enter mathematical expressions using the Equation Ribbon as...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Hidden Math Features in Word 2007

    Alex Ioffe emailed me Hi Murray, I realize you probably get this often by why can't someone (pleeease!) publish some official documentation of Word2007 Equation editor features? I have seen all of the MSN videos regarding it features and they...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Improved MathML support in Word 2007

    Two very interesting developments are happening that will improve Word 2007’s MathML support. The first is key for helping in getting Word 2007 math text into the scientific and technical publisher workflows and the second may help in this regard too...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    The Invisibles

    No this isn’t about some kind of science fiction, this is about five Unicode characters that are useful for mathematics, but are generally invisible or should be. The characters are the zero-width space (U+200B), function apply (U+2061), invisible...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    MathML on the Windows Clipboard

    Sometimes people enquire how the Windows clipboard works and whether it supports MathML , jpeg , RTF and other formats in addition to built-in formats like CF_BITMAP and CF_UNICODETEXT that are defined in winuser.h. The answer to the second question is...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Linear Format Version 3

    Unicode Nearly Plain-Text Encoding of Mathematics, Version 3 (Unicode Technical Note #28) is now posted . The differences between Version 1 and 2 of that paper are largely cosmetic, but there were enough changes in Version 2 to merit a new number. Version...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Mathematical RTF

    This post discusses the Word 2007 math RTF control words. A good way to understand these control words is to note that they are actually OMML tag names written with RTF syntax. Hence you can refer to the very thorough OMML documentation for more detailed...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office


    One of the key technologies behind the high quality display of mathematical text in Word 2007 and RichEdit 6.0 is a special component called LineServices along with its sibling Page/TableServices. In addition to handling math display, various versions...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Math Ribbon Entry of Subscripts and Superscripts

    As noted in the previous post Keyboard Entry of Subscripts and Superscripts , the preferred way to enter subscripts and superscripts is by using the keyboard, rather than the math ribbon. For example, type alt+= to insert a math zone followed by a^2+b...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Math Keyboard Shortcuts

    Nali commented on the post Office 2007 Math Editing/Display that it would be nice to have keyboard hot keys to switch between Professional and Linear format (build up/down), and between Display and Inline mode of equations. This is a great idea especially...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Some RichEdit History

    A couple of comments have raised the question of people outside Microsoft using the various versions of RichEdit. Specifically, Teis Johansen asks, "Just to be sure. Can I redistribute RichEdit 6.0 with my application?" and Kyle Alons asks, "So what's...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Keyboard Entry of Subscripts and Superscripts

    The Send-a-Smile and Send-a-Frown feedback from Office beta users is very useful for finding out where we’ve done right and wrong things with the new Office. From time to time I’ll post thoughts on some of the feedback that pertains to the...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Klinke’s Streamlined Math Input Notation

    Hermann Klinke has designed and instrumented an input notation on top of the Microsoft Office math facility that you may want to try. It significantly reduces the number of keystrokes needed to input mathematical text. His motivation is to have a way...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Science and Nature have difficulties with Word 2007 mathematics

    Science and Nature, two premier science publications, are having difficulties with Word 2007’s elegant new mathematics facility. Part of the reason is due to misunderstanding about Word’s MathML support, which hopefully this post will help to rectify...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    RichEdit Friendly Name Hyperlinks

    This post is a companion to Automatic RichEdit Hyperlinks . As stated in that post, RichEdit has two kinds of hyperlinks, automatic hyperlinks (autoURLs) and friendly name hyperlinks. A friendly name hyperlink has a name, which is displayed, and a hidden...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    RichEdit Versions 1.0 through 3.0

    Digging through old doc files, I ran across the following summary of RichEdit up through Version 3.0. It’s more detailed than my post on RichEdit Versions , so it might be of interest to history buffs, anyhow. And it does describe the riched20.dll that...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Creating Math Web Documents using Word 2007

    If you use Word 2007 to create a document containing mathematical equations and expressions and save it as a web page, it looks just as good in Internet Explorer as it does in Word 2007! The equations look as though they had been typeset by TeX or in...
  • Murray Sargent: Math in Office

    Mac Word 2011 and Math

    Office for Mac 2011 has many cool additions. The best of them all (well you know my bias!) is that Mac Word 2011 has the elegant Office math editing and display facility! Although I do not own a Mac, my next-door neighbor Dylan Tom does and we gave the...
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