SQL Query to show tables, their indexes and index usage

SQL Query to show tables, their indexes and index usage

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The SQL query below shows a list of tables sorted by the largest tables first. For each table, the indexes in the table are shown. For each index it shows when the index was last used. The query is designed to collect various pieces of information in one place, and give an overview to help supporting decisions when doing index tuning.

The left hand columns show data for the table (No. of receords, data- and index size) to have a view of the impact of having indexes on the table.

The right hand columns show data for each index, including Updates (costs) and Reads (benefits) and when it was last used sine the last time SQL Server was restarted.

Further comments:

  • The query only works on SQL Server 2005 and later.
  • The numbers in the query are reset every time SQL Server restarts.
  • The query may take up to a few minutes to run.
  • The query is provided "as is", with no warranties and confers no rights. You assume all risk for your use.

If you have comments or feedback, please feel free to post them here.

 

Best regards

Lars Lohndorf-Larsen (Lohndorf)
Microsoft Dynamics UK
Microsoft Customer Service and Support (CSS) EMEA

 

 

--use NavisionDatabase

IF OBJECT_ID ('z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys', 'U') IS NOT NULL

DROP TABLE z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys;

-- Generate list of indexes with key list

create table z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys(

[l1] [int] NOT NULL,

[F_Obj_ID] [int] NOT NULL,

[F_Schema_Name] [nvarchar] (128) NULL,

[F_Table_Name] [nvarchar] (128) NOT NULL,

[F_Row_Count] [int] NULL,

[F_Reserved] [int] NULL,

[F_Data] [int] NULL,

[F_Index_Size] [int] NULL,

[F_UnUsed] [int] NULL,

[F_Index_Name] [nvarchar] (128) NOT NULL,

[F_Index_ID] [int] NOT NULL,

[F_Column_Name] [nvarchar] (128) NOT NULL,

[F_User_Updates] [int] NULL,

[F_User_Reads] [int] NULL,

[F_Last_Used] [datetime] NULL,

[F_Index_Type] [nvarchar] (128) NOT NULL,

[F_Index_Column_ID] [int] NOT NULL,

[F_Last_Seek] [datetime] NULL,

[F_Last_Scan] [datetime] NULL,

[F_Last_Lookup] [datetime] NULL,

[Index_Key_List] [nvarchar] (MAX) NULL

)

go

CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX [Object_ID_Index] ON [dbo].[z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys]

([F_Obj_ID] ASC

)

go

CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX [Index_ID_Index] ON [dbo].[z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys]

([F_Index_ID] ASC

)

go

CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX [RowCount_ID_Index] ON [dbo].[z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys]

([F_Row_Count] ASC

)

go

 

insert into

z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys

SELECT

(row_number() over(order by a3.name, a2.name))%2 as l1,

a1.object_id, ---

a3.name AS [schemaname],

a2.name AS [tablename],

a1.rows as row_count,

(a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0))* 8 AS reserved,

a1.data * 8 AS data,

(CASE WHEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) > a1.data THEN (a1.used + ISNULL(a4.used,0)) - a1.data ELSE 0 END) * 8 AS index_size,

(CASE WHEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) > a1.used THEN (a1.reserved + ISNULL(a4.reserved,0)) - a1.used ELSE 0 END) * 8 AS unused,

-- Index Description

SI.name,

SI.Index_ID,

index_col(object_name(SIC.object_id),SIC.index_id,SIC.Index_Column_ID),

-- Index Stats

US.user_updates,

US.user_seeks + US.user_scans + US.user_lookups User_Reads,

case

when (ISNULL(US.last_user_seek,'00:00:00.000') >= ISNULL(US.last_user_scan,'00:00:00.000')) and (ISNULL(US.last_user_seek,'00:00:00.000') >= ISNULL(US.last_user_lookup,'00:00:00.000')) then US.last_user_seek

when (ISNULL(US.last_user_scan,'00:00:00.000') >= ISNULL(US.last_user_seek,'00:00:00.000')) and (ISNULL(US.last_user_scan,'00:00:00.000') >= ISNULL(US.last_user_lookup,'00:00:00.000')) then US.last_user_scan

else US.last_user_lookup

end as Last_Used_For_Reads,

SI.type_desc,

SIC.index_column_id,

US.last_user_seek,

US.last_user_scan,

US.last_user_lookup,

''

FROM

(SELECT

ps.object_id,

SUM (

CASE

WHEN (ps.index_id < 2) THEN row_count

ELSE 0

END

) AS [rows],

SUM (ps.reserved_page_count) AS reserved,

SUM (

CASE

WHEN (ps.index_id < 2) THEN (ps.in_row_data_page_count + ps.lob_used_page_count + ps.row_overflow_used_page_count)

ELSE (ps.lob_used_page_count + ps.row_overflow_used_page_count)

END

) AS data,

SUM (ps.used_page_count) AS used

FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps

GROUP BY ps.object_id) AS a1

LEFT OUTER JOIN

(SELECT

it.parent_id,

SUM(ps.reserved_page_count) AS reserved,

SUM(ps.used_page_count) AS used

FROM sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps

INNER JOIN sys.internal_tables it ON (it.object_id = ps.object_id)

WHERE it.internal_type IN (202,204)

GROUP BY it.parent_id) AS a4 ON (a4.parent_id = a1.object_id)

INNER JOIN sys.all_objects a2 ON ( a1.object_id = a2.object_id )

INNER JOIN sys.schemas a3 ON (a2.schema_id = a3.schema_id)

inner join sys.indexes SI ON (SI.object_id = a1."object_id") ---

inner join sys.index_columns SIC ON (SIC.object_id = SI.object_id and SIC.index_id = SI.index_id)

left outer join sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats US ON (US.object_id = SI.object_id and US.index_id = SI.index_id)

WHERE a2.type <> N'S' and a2.type <> N'IT'

order by row_count desc

go

-- Populate key string

declare IndexCursor cursor for

select F_Obj_ID, F_Index_ID from z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys

for update of Index_Key_List

declare @objID int

declare @IndID int

declare @KeyString VARCHAR(MAX)

set @KeyString = NULL

open IndexCursor

set nocount on

fetch next from IndexCursor into @ObjID, @IndID

while @@fetch_status = 0 begin

set @KeyString = ''

select @KeyString = COALESCE(@KeyString,'') + F_Column_Name + ', '

from z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys

where F_Obj_ID = @ObjID and F_Index_ID = @IndID

ORDER BY F_Index_ID, F_Index_Column_ID

set @KeyString = LEFT(@KeyString,LEN(@KeyString) -2)

update z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys

set Index_Key_List = @KeyString

where current of IndexCursor

fetch next from IndexCursor into @ObjID, @IndID

end;

close IndexCursor

deallocate IndexCursor

go

-- clean up table to one line per index

delete from z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys

where [F_Index_Column_ID] > 1

go

select

[F_Table_Name] TableName,

[F_Row_Count] No_Of_Records,

[F_Data] Data_Size,

[F_Index_Size] Index_Size,

[F_UnUsed] UnUsed_Space,

[F_Index_Name] Index_Name,

[F_User_Updates] Index_Updates,

[F_User_Reads] Index_Reads,

[F_Last_Used] Index_Last_Used,

[F_Index_Type] Index_Type,

[Index_Key_List] Index_Fields

from z_IUQ2_Temp_Index_Keys

order by F_Row_Count desc, F_Table_Name, [F_Index_ID]

 

 

 

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