Holy cow, I wrote a book!
The FOR command has become the batch language's
If you ask for help via FOR /? you can see all the
ways it has become overloaded.
you can read the output of a command
by using the for command.
FOR /F "tokens=*" %i IN ('ver') DO echo %i
The /F switch in conjunction with the single quotation
marks indicates that the quoted string is a command to run, whose output
is then to be parsed and returned in the specified variable (or variables).
The option "tokens=*" says that the entire line should be
collected. There are several other options that control the parsing,
which I leave you to read on your own.
The kludgy batch language gets even kludgier.
Why is the batch language such a grammatical mess?
Any change to the batch language cannot break compatibility with the
millions of batch programs already in existence.
Such batch files are burned onto millions of CDs
(you'd be surprised how many commercial programs use batch files,
particularly as part of their installation process).
They're also run by corporations around the world
to get their day-to-day work done.
Plus of course the batch files written by people like you and me
to do a wide variety of things.
Any change to the batch language must keep these batch files running.
Of course, one could invent a brand new batch language,
let's call it Batch² for the sake of discussion, and thereby
be rid of the backwards compatibility constraints.
But with that decision come different obstacles.
Suppose you have a 500-line batch file and you want to add one little
feature to it, but that new feature is available only in Batch².
Does this mean that you have to do a complete rewrite of your batch
program into Batch²?
Your company spent years tweaking this batch file over the years.
(And by "tweaking" I might mean "turning into a plate of spaghetti".)
Do you want to take the risk of introducing who-knows-how-many bugs
and breaking various obscure features as part of the rewrite into
Suppose you decide to bite the bullet and rewrite.
Oh, but Batch² is available only in more recent
versions of Windows.
Do you tell your customers, "We don't support the older versions of
Windows any more"?
Or do you bite another bullet and say, "We support only versions of
Windows that have Batch²"?
I'm not saying that it won't happen.
(In fact, I'm under the impression that there are already efforts to
a new command console language with an entirely new grammar.
might even be presenting at the PDC in a few days.)
I'm just explaining why the classic batch language is such a mess.
Welcome to evolution.
[Raymond is currently away; this message was pre-recorded.]