Much hubbub has been aired about H-1B visas in the technology world. In a blog post I wrote more than three years ago, I argued that our jobs are going to India. That’s even truer today, thanks to government-imposed limits on the number of H-1B visas that can be issued in any year.
I’m frankly mildly surprised that I still have a job. In the US. Programming.
You’ll find economists, politicians, lobbyists, and corporate representatives arguing every which way about H-1Bs. Those defending H-1Bs tend to be corporations that claim to need the foreign work force in order to compete internationally. Those against H-1Bs tend to give variations of the age-old xenophobic concern about foreigners “taking over US jobs.” This, incidentally, is why many of these debates feature charts about how many H-1Bs come from India, while no one seems to ask much about the number of foreigners coming in through the lax E-3 visa for Australians.
But hey, I love Australians. Men at Work. Paul Hogan. INXS. Elle McPherson. Fosters. I say we send them all over.
Point is, many people aren’t so sure about Indians (#1 in H-1Bs). Or the Chinese (#2). It’s jolly good fun to see Paul Hogan advertising Suburu Outbacks for decades at a time. But Suresh Patel singing about a place “where women glow and men chunder?” Or Li-Wen Chen talking about how Tsingtao “is Chinese for BEER!?” It just doesn’t seem natural. It seems decidedly un-American, absolutely too much shock and awe.
I’m apparently not alone in this point of view. The E-3 visa for Australians was enacted as part of The Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief. Australians = Good For National Defense. Indian & Chinese = Not So Much.
Let’s set aside the issue of race and just focus on raw capitalistic greed. This turns out to be my fundamental problem with limiting H-1Bs. As a hiring manager in a US-based software company, I find it crippling in a sledgehammer-directly-to-the-ankle sort of way not to be able to hire more programmers from other countries. I’m also deeply worried about how this is visibly eroding US dominance in software. The people are flowing the wrong way. The money is flowing the wrong way. In the name of protectionism, we’re wholesale encouraging and enabling, aiding and abetting, international competition.
This year, my relatively small team (~25 developers) is aiming to hire another ~20 developers. In order to meet these hiring goals, we will likely need to put some of these developers in Vancouver, Canada because they can’t get H-1Bs to work in the US. Some will accept the offer. Some, unable to enter the US and reluctant to move to Canada-eh?, will instead stay in their home country. This is a doubly-bad thing. Sure, you lose a perfectly fine programmer. But you’ll get over that. Ten years from now, that fine programmer is on stage at some huge convention in Bangalore unveiling a breakthrough ad featuring a woman tossing a sledgehammer through some huge screen televising a boring speech by some US-based software CEO about being the ”dot” in dot-bomb, or realizing your potential, or not being evil. That’ll be the day when the second, far bigger blow is dealt, when we’ll all wish we could rewind Ace-Ventura-style back to The Glory Days when the US Was Software and All Seemed Well.
Limiting well-qualified soon-to-be-American foreign talent from joining us can’t be good. I’d love for Suresh to come to the US, code on my team, defeat competitors internationally, and buy a huge Cadillac Escalade. I’d love for him to revel in capitalism with his hard-earned US dollars, spending obscene amounts of money supporting US businesses. After the pledge of allegiance, he’d fit right in!
And for those of you who are a bit reluctant to trust in Suresh or Li-Wen’s US citizenship and subsequent allegiance to our beloved country, we could always choose to detain them indefinitely in GitMo should we find ourselves on orange alert against India or China. It’s never too late to renege on habeas corpus!
We need to let these folks in. Actually, we need to be actively encouraging them to bring their talent to the US. This is about the long-term survival of US dominance in software, not just about uncle Vinny who's been known to occasionally code in VB.
There, I've said it. Everything after this is statistics.
Fun Facts About H-1Bs
Currently, 65,000 H-1Bs are issued each year. 10,500 E-3’s are allowed.
Funny enough, 6,800 H-1B1’s (valid only for Chileans and Singaporeans) are allowed each year. If anybody can explain this as anything other than the perversion of lobbyists and special interests, please write me.
Fun facts taken directly from the USCIS (what does it mean when the “latest available government statistics on H-1Bs” is from 2003?):
· Nearly 37 percent of all petitions approved in fiscal year 2003 were for workers born in India.
· Sixty-five percent of petitions approved in fiscal year 2003 were for workers between the ages of 25 and 34. The average age of beneficiaries approved in fiscal year 2003 was 32 years.
· One-half of petitions approved in fiscal year 2003 were for workers with a bachelor's degree. Thirty-one percent had a master's degree.
· Thirty-nine percent of petitions approved in fiscal year 2003 were for workers in computer-related occupations.
· The median salary was $52,000 for workers whose petitions were approved in fiscal year 2003. For workers in computer-related occupations, the median salary was $60,000.
The spread of occupations, once again from the USCIS’s 2003 data:
· Computer-related occupations: 39%
· Occupations in architecture, engineering, and surveying: 12%
· Occupations in education: 11%
· Occupations in administrative specializations: 11%
· Occupations in medicine and health: 7%
Computer-related occupations had a median salary of $60k. Interestingly enough, fashion models with H-1Bs, of which there were 592 (0.3%) in 2003 (I am not making this up), earned a median income of $100k. This, incidentally, is the highest of all H-1B occupations by a big margin. The closest runner-up was “occupations in law and jurisprudence,” weighing in at $70k.
The top 10 H-1B employers in technology for 2006, according to InformationWeek, were the following:
H-1Bs received 2006
Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Cognizant Technology Solutions
Teaneck, New Jersey
Patni Computer Systems
Armonk, New York
Redwood Shores, California
Larsen & Toubro Infotech
Note that 6 of the top 10 were India-based companies. That may be a legitimate thing the protectionists might want to fix.
A 1998 Harris Poll showed that 82% of Americans opposed increases in H-1B visas. Then again, 47% of Americans aged 18-24 could not find India on a map, and 60% still cannot find Iraq on a map, according to CNN. At least they know they don’t want more Indians here.
IEEE-USA lobbied against an H-1B increase several years ago. Presumably, they represent the majority of computer workers in the US. This boggles my mind.
There’s no “shortage of IT workers in the US,” given that companies like Cisco and Microsoft reject the overwhelming majority of resumes (95% and 98%, respectively – that’s rejected). However, remember that due to simple statistics, this doesn’t mean there’s a glut of great US IT folks either: a less-skilled or less-competitive candidate is far more likely to send his/her resume to more companies, thereby inflating rejection rates. There’s no shortage of people, just a shortage of really good ones.