December, 2009 - Microsoft PixelSense Blog - Site Home - MSDN Blogs
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  • Microsoft PixelSense Blog

    Developing an installer for your Surface application

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    Many folks have asked me in the past how to build an installer for their Surface application.  I recommend using Windows Installer XML to do this because it is a free and powerful production quality installer toolset.  To get folks started I have put together a sample solution with an installer project that solves some common problems like supporting upgrade, checking for Surface software, and configuring the application to appear in Surface Shell.  The sample should meet the applicable Certified for Microsoft Surface requirements.

    To build the sample you must have Visual Studio 2008 and Wix 3.0 installed.  If you want to reuse the sample make sure you address all the “TODO” comments to customize the sample to your purposes.

  • Microsoft PixelSense Blog

    New gameplay video with D&D on Surface

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    Whether or not you're into Dungeons & Dragons, this story just keeps getting better. The team at the Entertainment Technology Center has come out with new video showing Microsoft Surface with their SurfaceScapes D&D project. This latest video brilliantly takes you through how the game mechanics work. Keep in mind that this isn’t a product from Wizards of the Coast, but a student project from a team at Carnegie Mellon University.

    The reason this will appeal to a broader audience than D&D gamers is that it shows the strength of starting with a goal based on your user scenario, and then utilizing the right technology for the job as appropriate. They didn’t force the interaction through Surface. You can see in the video below how naturally it occurs with the game-play.

    You’ll want to use Surface when you have groups of users who are using technology to work together and share an experience. Not only does Surface’s form factor make it easier for groups to come together, but it also doesn’t get in the way of face-to-face conversation. The added bonus is that the powerful vision system allows for objects to interact with the technology to augment the overall experience.

    NEW: The SurfaceScapes team members produced this in-depth video showing gameplay. After watching the video, scroll down for to see the second part of my interview with the SurfaceScapes team.

    I recently asked Michael Lewis, one of the seven project team members, to speak on behalf of his team about their experiences creating D&D on Surface. Part one is here. Read on for part two..

    Eric Havir: Is there any advice you’d give to other teams that are forming and creating projects on Surface in terms of the tools and skills they’ll need?
    Michael Lewis: Mock-ups and iteration are very important. Always get new eyes on what you are developing. It is easy to lose perspective once you know exactly how your product works. Develop informational architecture so that you know what you are building. From a software perspective, C# is essential and so is understanding either WPF or XNA.

    EH: At Surface, we also believe in using the right tool for the right job. PCs, laptops, notebooks, mobile, TVs, vertical touch and horizontal touch all have their place. You touched on this in your application in blending the GMs laptop with Surface for the overall application. How important was including this to accomplish your objective?
    ML: We made the design decision that a laptop would serve as a nice metaphor for the game master's screen, which is a tool that is used as a quick reference for many of the rules with D&D. Right now we are really trying to focus on the player experience and separating the screen was useful while doing our design. Assuming the project continues on into next semester, we have ideas for a GM control object that would allow for more improvisational GM'ing.

    EH: Since this is a gameplay aid, much of the player interaction occurs outside of the computer’s realm. How did you approach determining what to put on the computers versus leaving to the Gamemaster and players?
    ML: The quick answer is that we wanted to move the math to the computer so that the GMs could get on with telling their stories and not get bogged down with the rules. We quickly discovered that many D&D players enjoy seeing all the math though, so we want it to be transparent, but not time consuming. Part of addressing that issue was to make sure there is a smooth and intuitive interface, and especially that there is good visual and audio feedback for everything that happens. D&D is all about the narrative, so our design decisions were all about enhancing and facilitating storytelling - whether through cool animations and music to set the tone, or by automating rules that can often slow down the flow of the game.

    EH: You used objects to represent characters and interact with menus. What kind of value do you think these pieces added to the end user experience?
    ML: Especially with 4th Edition D&D, the game is very tactile. Even older versions that didn't use miniatures as much, the dice added a very tactile element to the experience. From the earliest conceptual stages we knew we wanted to maintain that element - which was a large part of why we chose to work on Surface. The miniatures were a natural analog to use for characters, as players tend to identify more with the physical objects than virtual representations. The decision to use a second object to interact with menus was driven primarily from a game design standpoint. We had originally planned to have the miniatures also be used to interact with the menus, but found that caused a lot of problems during gameplay. Quite often, player characters are clustered together, surrounded by both player and non-player characters, and other landscape elements - this caused space issues with centering the menus around the characters themselves. Using a second object was a nice solution, as players can just naturally drop it in a clear area of the screen and not have to worry about overlapping with the other objects on the Table.

    EH: What was it like working with object tags, and was it different from what you expected?
    ML: Tags were interesting. It allows for a different way of interface that, until you try, it is somewhat foreign. It is a hybrid of analog and digital control.

    EH: Were there any surprises?
    ML: We didn't really think about the perspective issue. It makes total sense once its realized, but I think we were so used to having our interfaces with computers being a specific orientation, we didn't realize that looking from multiple angles would be such a challenge.

    EH: What’s been the most difficult part of the experience creating an application for Surface? ML: Some of the major challenges have had to do with orientation. We constantly have to be aware that the device is looked down on from all angles. We loaded a few games on there like Command and Conquer that have isometric views and became disoriented when looking at it as we moved around the table. The orientation has led to a lot of our design choices concerning the camera as well as the user interface. Physical dice and graphics capabilities too.

    EH: Did the team spend a lot of time working with Surface before they started working on the actual project?
    ML: Fortunately, two of our three programmers worked on a different Surface project during the spring semester last year. Still, they had to spend time getting the third programmer up to speed, as well as re-familiarizing themselves.

    EH: To get to the point you showed in the very first video back in October, how much coding would you say it represented?
    ML: Around 8 weeks. This includes the initial brainstorming and research, etc. And not all the things we [created] could be seen in the video.

    EH: What language did you code in?
    ML: We are using C# and use XNA.

    EH: What application development tools did you use? (i.e. Expression, Visual Studio, etc.)
    ML: We are creating our software in Visual Studio 2008.

    Thanks Michael!

    Again, don’t forget to check out part one of this interview. If you're a developer, you can download the Microsoft Surface SDK Workstation Edition now for free.

    - Eric (follow Surface on Twitter and Facebook)

  • Microsoft PixelSense Blog

    SurfaceScapes Follow-up: Bringing D&D to Microsoft Surface

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    Back in October, we reported (and nearly every other online tech/game publication) on Dungeons & Dragon’s being brought to Microsoft Surface. It took the internet by storm with a three and a half minute video. It wasn’t a full-fledged product from Wizards of the Coast. This was a student project from Carnegie Mellon University to look at expanding tabletop role playing games.

    NEW: As part of their project, the SurfaceScapes team members were required to produce a three minute promotional video for their project. After watching the video, scroll down for my interview with the team.

    I recently asked Michael Lewis, one of the seven project team members, to speak on behalf of his team about their experiences creating D&D on Surface. Read on..

    Eric Havir: What is your team’s area of focus at Carnegie Mellon University?
    Michael Lewis: We are students at the Entertainment Technology Center.  The ETC is a multidisciplinary Master's program that brings together students from technical and artistic backgrounds to create new and innovative experiences. 

    EH: You have a team of seven people. What is the mix of areas of focus/expertise?
    ML: We have three programmers, two artists, one writer/sound designer and a producer.

    EH: The video went up on Sunday, 18-Oct-09. When did you start working on the project?
    ML: Although we began pitching the project to the faculty last semester, the real work didn't start until this current semester, on 23-Aug-09.

    EH: Which came first, the team or the project?
    ML: The project idea came first. 

    EH: How did this project come about? What was the inspiration for taking on Dungeons and Dragons on Surface?
    ML: Three of our team members; Michael Cole, Whitney Babcock-McConnell, and Dyala Kattan-Wright, were working on a project for Surface last semester when the Mike and Jerry from Penny Arcade stopped by.  There was a drawing application up [on Surface] and Mike started drawing maps and suggested Dungeons and Dragons would be cool on Surface.  That was the seed for the idea.  Our team then got together and pitched the idea to our faculty to work on it this fall.  The pitch was of course accepted over the summer.

    EH: How did you settle on using Surface for your project?
    ML: We were using Surface last semester when Mike and Jerry gave us the idea for the project.  Afterwards we looked at some other platforms too, but the object recognition as well as orientation of the screen on a table made Surface ideal for what we wanted to do.  It didn't hurt that the ETC already had a couple units too.

    EH: What was the first thing you created on Surface during the exploration?
    ML: A Zelda-like map explorer. Then the infamous virtual dice.

    EH: I am not a D&D player, but I see tabletop games as being very applicable for Surface. Was exploring the future of computer interaction part of the goal for the team? Or were you more focused on role playing and how to bring that to computing?
    ML: The goal was really to explore how to enhance table top role playing games.  Role playing has been brought to computing in the past, but Surface offers a unique opportunity for maintaining a lot of the traditional roles and expectations of table top gaming, while still enhancing it in significant ways.  That said, Surface allowed us to really explore the possibilities of merging physical objects with virtual interfaces and we've spent a lot of time learning how to best utilize that, and working out some of the problems that arise when creating new interfaces for a traditional table top game.

    EH: Today, Microsoft Surface is a commercial product focused on retail, hospitality, health care, etc. You’ve written a game-aid that has a niche audience. What’s the future for this application? Do you see this moving beyond proof-of-concept into retail role playing gaming centers or the home at some point?
    ML: We would love to see a future iteration of our work used in game stores or at conventions to both be a new space for veteran players as well as a draw to bring in new players.

    EH: What has been the best part of your experience relating to the Surface development?
    ML: The use of physical objects on Surface has aided our design in so many ways.

    EH: We know the great praise that the app has been getting on the internet must be VERY cool! Were you surprised at the reaction, or did you know you had lightning in a bottle?
    ML: We initially intended for only a few of our contacts to see the video, so in that way it took us by surprise.  But from talking to D&D players in the area, as well as at PAX in September, we expected some interest from fans of the game - although the response has still been overwhelming.

    EH: You’ve still got some time left on your project before it is complete. I’m sure you have papers to write in addition to the work that has already been done on the application demo. What are you going to be focusing on next?
    ML: We want to make sure we have a really polished player-side experience.  That means more work on the UI both in terms of functionality and aesthetic.  We've done some user testing, but of course we always want to do more of that. 

    EH: When we last chatted, you were talking about bringing the application to PAX East. Given the reaction on the internet to your demo, what are your feelings about that? Are you afraid of getting mobbed? :)
    ML: We definitely want to go now-- let people play with what we have.  The experience should be much different than watching the video online.  It will be a great playtesting session.

    Thanks Michael!

    - Eric (follow Surface on Twitter and Facebook)

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December, 2009