First, some terminology.  The terms "ghosted" and "unghosted" get thrown around a lot when talking about SharePoint site definitions, and all too often, they are used incorrectly.  Here's the deal:

 

Ghosted:  a ghosted page is one that is read directly from the site definition on the filesystem.

Unghosted:  an unghosted page is one that is read from the SharePoint database and *not* a physical file

 

So, how can we determine if a given page is either ghosted or unghosted?  Luckily, there is a single property that will tell us:  "vti_hasdefaultcontent."  If this property exists on a file, it is ghosted (again, on the filesystem);  if the property does not exist, the file is being served from the database.

 

Here's the code for a simple command-line utility that will take the URL to a given page and report whether it is ghosted or unghosted:

 

=====

using System;

using Microsoft.SharePoint;

 

namespace GhostCheck

{

public class Checker

{

[STAThread]

static void Main(string[] args)

{

//if vti_hasdefaultocontent = true, it is ghosted;  if unghosted, the prop doesn't exist

 

if(args.Length == 0 || args[0].ToString().Equals("/?"))

{

Help();

}

else

{

string sURL = args[0].ToString();

bool hasError = false;

string sGhosted = CheckGhost(sURL, out hasError);

 

if(hasError)

{

Console.WriteLine("\nError encountered: {0}", sGhosted);

}

else

{

Console.WriteLine("\nThe page at {0} is {1}", sURL, sGhosted);

}

 

}

 

}

 

static  void Help()

{

Console.WriteLine("\nghostcheck <URL>");

Console.WriteLine("\nExample:  ghostcheck http://<myserver>/sites/<site>/Lists/Contacts/NewForm.aspx");

}

 

static string CheckGhost(string FileURL, out bool ErrorFlag)

{

ErrorFlag = false;

 

SPSite oSite = null;

SPWeb oWeb = null;

SPFile oFile = null;

 

try

{

oSite = new SPSite(FileURL);

}

catch(System.Exception exSite)

{

ErrorFlag = true;

return String.Format("Error getting Site: {0}", exSite.Message);

}

 

try

{

oWeb = oSite.OpenWeb();

}

catch(System.Exception exWeb)

{

ErrorFlag = true;

return String.Format("Error getting Web: {0}", exWeb.Message);

}

 

try

{

oFile = oWeb.GetFile(FileURL);

}

catch(System.Exception exFile)

{

ErrorFlag = true;

return String.Format("Error getting File: {0}", exFile.Message);

}

 

System.Collections.Hashtable oHash = oFile.Properties;

 

if(oHash.ContainsKey("vti_hasdefaultcontent"))

{

return "ghosted (on file system)";

}

else

{

return "unghosted (in database)";

}

}

}

}

 

=====

 

This utility uses the SharePoint object model, and so MUST BE RUN ON THE SERVER, not from a client.

 

Usage:

 

ghostcheck.exe <URL>

 

Example:

 

ghostcheck.exe http://myserver/sites/mysite/Lists/Contacts/NewForm.aspx