Usually the diagnostic logging types that you find in central administration are

 

1- Critical

2- Error

3- Warning

4-Information

5-Verbose

 

Sometimes , life is not that pink to be able to capture all the information needed from the ULS Logs not even using the Verbose Logging , By that time you can always use the VerboseEx , but you need to turn it on using SharePoint Management Shell as following:-

 

Set-SPLogLevel -TraceServerity verbosex