Author: Kevin Cox
Contributors: Min He,Steve Lindell
Reviewers: Sanjay Mishra, Juergen Thomas, Jimmy May
Creating an availability group needs pings and status checks across the different servers involved. This accounts for approximately 500 bytes per database in the group. The PerfMon counter used to track the activity is “Bytes Received from Replica/sec”. Books Online has recently been changed to reflect a high level description. The purpose of this blog is to provide a bit more detail.
Books Online http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff878472.aspx
Bytes Received from Replica/sec
Number of bytes received from the availability replica per second. Pings and status updates will generate network traffic even on databases with no user updates.
The key to understanding this counter is that the traffic is per database. On one customer project with 40 databases in one availability group, this counter was showing about 8k/sec when there was no user traffic. This consists of bi-directionalping and status checks.
What does the primary do with this data it gets back from pings and status checks? It displays the information on the Always On Dashboard. There are two main sources for the dashboard data.
Hopefully, with this information you will be able to understand why the Bytes Received from Replica/sec counter is showing activity even when there is no user activity.