Visual Studio Dark Theme

Visual Studio Dark Theme

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As we’re closing in on the final designs for Visual Studio 11 I want to thank you again for your feedback. I want to pass along that we are still internalizing your feedback and actively working on the next Visual Studio 11 milestones.

The purpose of this post is to follow up on a common request relating to the earlier RC preview post. The request was for more information on the Visual Studio 11 dark theme.

Leading up to our being engineering complete for RC we focused most of our design attention on optimizing the light theme experience, because that’s what our telemetry indicates the majority of you are currently using. Once that was complete, we turned our attention to the dark theme, focusing on the top dark theme feedback we heard from Visual Studio 11 beta. Many of you will see significant improvements to the dark theme in the RC release, but several of the key changes I’m sharing with you now didn’t make the timeline for RC. In this post, I’d like to share what you will see in RTM and call out some of the dark theme improvements we’ve made from beta to RC and subsequently to RTM.

Beta Dark Theme

RC Dark Theme

RTM Dark Theme

Themed Icons

As a part of giving you a preview of the dark theme I want to call your attention to several important characteristics of the Visual Studio 11 iconography. The first is that the icons are generally much simpler or more symbolic in their form. Secondly the color palette we employ within the icons has been simplified and made much more consistent.

In Visual Studio 11, we generate our icons from a common library of glyphs. This approach improves consistency as we produce the approximately 6000 icons of various sizes and formats that are used in approximately 28,000 different locations throughout the product. This presents an interesting challenge in terms of how to most effectively host these icons in different themes, and on different shaded backgrounds (tool windows, editors, drop-downs).

We considered the pros and cons of outputting separate complete sets of swappable icons for each theme. As we looked into this approach we found it still didn’t allow us to optimize across the various backgrounds on which the icons would be hosted in each theme.

In Beta and RC we used a ghost outline around the icons to make them visible on both lighter and darker backgrounds. The disadvantage of this approach is that it makes the icons appear fuzzy on both themes and too bright in the dark theme.

In the RTM version, we dynamically adjust the icons according to the theme, resulting in icons that are cleaner and better matched to the theme and background color. At runtime, we modify the luminosity of the raster images to match the outline of the icon with the background on which it is drawn and to make the fill and accent colors stand out effectively.  For the dark theme, this essentially inverts the brightness of the icon, making dark areas of the original icon light and light areas of the original icon dark.  The same happens on the light theme, as icons are displayed on differently shaded backgrounds. The luminosity match makes the background and outline of icons disappear as it matches the surface color they are displayed on.

The difference between the traditional outline based approach we used for beta and RC, and the approach we employee for RTM, is readily apparent in the following screenshots.

Dark Theme

In addition to being simpler in form, and being better suited to dynamic theming, glyph style icons also lend themselves to much cleaner resizing or scaling. All of our Visual Studio 11 icons are maintained in an icon repository as vector graphic files which we output in various file formats and sizes as needed within our products. For example the same glyph can easily be rendered in a size and format appropriate for use in different Visual Studio 11 contexts such as the Solution Explorer or the New Project Dialog.

Dark Theme

As a part of the Visual Studio 11 overall release plan we will be making all of the icons for this release available to you in multiple file formats including vector. You are free to take full advantage of the easy theme-ability and resize-ability of these assets within your own applications.

Themed Scrollbars

One of the most common requests for dark theme enhancements has been for us to theme scrollbars. As I hinted at previously we were close to sharing with you in our last post that scrollbars will be custom themed within both the light and dark themes. We’ve since completed sufficient testing to feel confident in sharing our RTM designs with you.

Dark Theme

Visual Studio's UI is a mix of WPF, Windows Forms, Win32, HTML, and other UI technologies which made scrollbar theming a challenging project. Because there is no single technology solution to theming all scrollbars in VS, we applied scrollbar theming on a technology-by-technology basis. We created a style targeting ScrollBar and ScrollViewer in the root of VS document and tool windows. In some cases, where it’s not appropriate to show a themed scroll bar, the UI can opt-out. An example is a pop-up dialog that will continue to show light even in the dark theme should not show dark scroll bars.

Individual pieces of UI can opt-out of themed scrollbars by setting a special property on the HWND. UI may decide to opt-out if it is not optimized for the dark theme or if it presents a very specific user content.

The themed scrollbars are designed to work together with the RC changes we shared with you previously, such as drawing our own custom window chrome, to improve the overall sense of coherent styling within Visual Studio 11. As I mentioned above we would like to hear more regarding your impressions of the cumulative updates we’ve shared with you.

Dark Editor Theme

Many of you have expressed a preference for coding within a dark editor. For example, dark editor themes dominate the list of all-time favorites at web sites such as which serve as a repository for different Visual Studio styles.

Chief among the reasons many of you have expressed for preferring dark backgrounds is the reduced strain placed on the eyes when staring at the screen for many hours. Many developers state that light text on a dark background is easier to read over longer periods of time than dark text on a light background.

Downloading styles from web sites such as Studio Styles provides a great starting point to begin customizations. With that in mind, we themed every single customizable item and category in the Fonts and Colors list to be consistent with the overall dark theme design. This way, further customizations can be made and new features introduced in Visual Studio 11 will benefit from the defined default dark fonts and colors. We made several dark editor theme updates in RC in keeping with beta and early RC user feedback, including:

  • Improving the contrast of the whites and grays in the editor fonts and colors to “pop” over the similar text colors used in the IDE/Shell
  • Increasing saturation for several default dark colors to improve their visibility
  • Enhancing “Use Defaults” to work as expected for all categories in the Fonts and Colors dialog when in the dark theme

Dark Theme

Common Dialogs

In RTM you’ll also find that we have themed a core set of the commonly used dialogs. The New Project, New Web Site, Add New Item, Extension Manager, and Reference Manager dialogs now have dark theme versions of their UI.

For those of you who choose to work within the dark theme you will undoubtedly want us to continue to push our theming efforts deeper and more broadly across Visual Studio. We too are eager to continue our work in this area through the remainder of this release cycle and beyond.

Dark Theme

Bringing it All Together

I’ve included a screenshot that helps bring into focus how the various dark theme updates such as the shell, editor, design surfaces, etc. all fit together. The screenshot below shows a dark themed Visual Studio 11 with the Windows 8 simulator running in the foreground.

Dark Theme

As was the case with the changes we announced as part of the previous RC preview post the RTM changes reflected in this post are designed to both address core feedback areas and to maintain alignment with our primary design objectives for the release. I’m hoping you will take the time to share your feedback on these newly announced RTM changes.

Monty HammontreeMonty Hammontree – Director of User Experience, Microsoft Developer Tools Division
Short Bio: Monty has been at Microsoft for ten years focusing primarily on developer tool experiences. He and his team provide product design and user research direction for the Visual Studio product family. He has 25 years of industry experience in product design and user research management.

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  • I love the dark theme. I have weird eye problem and the darker colors and contrast are like lotion for my ocular situation.

    Any chance there will be shared resource dictionary xaml for the VS 2012 dark theme? I would love to incorporate the style in some WPF applications.

    Cheers either way.

  • So glad to have the dark scrollbars in the dark theme. Glad there were changes between RC and RTM.

  • The new themes are awful - it looks like a major step back from 2010 - the light one is way too light, and the dark one is way too dark. I would have to install some kind of custom theme to make it attractive.

  • I  can't see why everyone is getting so caught up about the CAPS - this is the least of my worries - the lack of colour is crazy.

  • Code editor looks good but the menu and solution explorer are a big step backwards.

  • Thank you  for a dark, "Expression-like" theme. Looks great. I hope you will indeed continue to push this theme even further into the UI (e.g. the standard Windows buttons, I noticed, are still OS-themed--but hey, beggars can't be  choosers! :)  ).

    One comment: I think the blue-highlights (document tabs, status bar and tool window title bars) are a bit bright and saturated for a dark theme. And I also liked the colored icons in the BETA menu items. Actually, I liked the colored icons vis-a-vis VS2010 much better than these monochromatic icons you've decided to use.  I see your reasoning (vector art, being able to reuse assets around the product more efficiently), but overall, I think this is a loss for developers as a visual aid.

    What would be really cool: Allow users to "theme" the icons. So, someone could potentially make their own "icon resource file" that VS would use in place of the stock icons. Maybe that's asking a bit much...but it's an idea. (Yeah, go ahead, feel free to use it, if possible,...for the sake of the product.)

  • Why is this white or black?  What happened to the normal windows look and feel? I like to be able to tell where one frame ends and another begins.  I don't like the black...I am not into GOTH and squinting my eyes to read things.   the white has not discerning borders.  Where is the 'normal' color theme?

  • This IDE is an insult to developers from Microsoft.

    You have turned one of my favorite IDE's into an unusable piece of crap.

    I am not going to touch Metro application development.

  • Really the dark is my favorite

  • Please remove the excessive use CAPS, it looks awful!

  • The ui looks atrocious. Either light or dark, its still a mess. All the icons are so close in appearance and so flat and dull that they all look the exact same crap. Trying to find something in the UI is like a needle in a haystack scenario. Its just a mess. I find myself more and more going into menus rather than finding the icons on the toolbars.

    The metrofication, pardon, the crapification of the UI is the proverbial nail in the coffin of a very skippable release cycle. Metro is like the midas touch, but in reverse. Client, Server, developer tools, anything, just looks and feels worse with it - and of course this is a personal view - but it's the view of the majority of the power users, you know, the ones that actually create, maintain, evangelize and advise others on what to use/buy/try.

    Hope you still have some fanboys around for the next iteration, 'cause you'll need them.

  • sorry in advance if it has already been mentioned but VSCommands 11 has a tweak to remove the all caps in the menus.  The new scroll bars make a huge difference.

  • I've just started using the release version of VS2012 and I find the flat UI almost unusable. It could be me I'm an "old" programmer and my eyes are probably not what they used to be, but everything just blends into one.

    I literally can't see what I'm doing, no such problem with VS2010 (which is what I'll be using until I'm forced to do otherwise).

    Sorry, really don't want to rant, but in my eyes it's just awful.

  • The lack of color in the icons is TERRIBLE. I hate these ugly icons. BRING BACK THE COLOR TO THE ICONS. Oh, and by the way the ALL CAPS are stupid, but I guess you know that already. The dark theme itself would be fine, but the featureless, ugly monochrome icons are the worst UX "advance" I've probably ever seen. Makes me feel like I'm back in the green-screen days. Get a clue, stop pushing ugliness that clearly offends your customers.

  • Is the "Save changes to the following items?  dialog is not themed for dark theme.

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