Restrict Team Foundation Build permissions

Restrict Team Foundation Build permissions

  • Comments 1

Do you have code that should be seen by only a subset of members of your on-premises team project collection? Do you use Team Foundation Build (TFBuild)? If so, you must create some custom groups to reduce the risk that unauthorized team project collection members can use a build process to bypass team project permissions.

Problem

For example, you administer the following team projects:

You want only the members of each team project to be able to read the code it contains, as shown above. However, by default, TFBuild controllers are collection-scoped resources, and so have permission to access all code in the collection. This means people who are not members of a team project could use a build process to obtain the code it contains.

For example, Johnnie is a member only of TfvcProjectA, but it is in the same team project collection as TfvcProjectB. So he could create a build process that delivers him the content from TfvcProjectB. Specifically, he can:

  • Map the path to the code on the Source Settings tab.
  • Check in a unit test that copies the code to a folder he can access.
  • Customize the build process to copy the code to a folder he can access.

Solution

To prevent this kind of access, implement some custom groups and deny the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group all permissions. For example, you are running four build servers as NETWORK SERVICE:

The following diagram details the membership and permission settings:

Q: Why must I deny permissions to members of the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group?

Note: This guidance applies only to on-premises Team Foundation servers. We don't support this scenario for Visual Studio Online team projects.

Create the collection-level groups

From the security page of team project collection, create the collection-level groups.

For each of your collection-level groups, grant the following permissions:

Add each build service account to one (and only one) of the collection-level groups.

Q: Where can I get the name of the build service account? A: See Deploy and configure a build server.

Modify the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group:

  • Remove all its members.
  • Set all the permissions to Deny.

Grant work item permissions

From the areas page of each of the team projects served by the collection-level group, grant work item permissions:

Set all the permissions of the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group to Deny.

Grant build permissions

From the build page of each of the team projects served by the collection-level group, grant build permissions:

Set all the permissions of the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group to Deny.

Grant version control permissions

Which kind of version control does your team project have?

TFVC version control

From the version control page of each of the team projects served by the collection-level group, grant TFVC version control permissions:

Set all the permissions of the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group to Deny.

Git version control

From the version control page of each of the team projects served by the collection-level group, grant Git version control permissions:

Set all the permissions of the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group to Deny.

Create the project-level groups

From the security page of each of your team projects, create a project-level group:

For each project-level group, grant the following permissions:

Add the appropriate collection-level group to the project-level group:

Q&A

Q: Why must I deny permissions to members of the Project Collection Build Service Accounts group?

A: To mitigate the risk of unauthorized access to team project resources, you should set all permissions of this group to Deny. Even if you personally are careful not to add members to the group, this could happen:

  • Automatically by the system. If another team project collection administrator deploys a build server, TFS automatically adds the build service account to the group.
  • Manually by another team project collection administrator who is not aware of the collection-wide access that this TFS group enables.

Questions? Suggestions? Feedback?

I invite you to post:

Leave a Comment
  • Please add 3 and 8 and type the answer here:
  • Post
  • thanks for the information

Page 1 of 1 (1 items)