Microsoft released preliminary protocol documentation for Exchange 2007 (as well as Microsoft Office 2007 and SharePoint Server) as part of Microsoft's Interoperability Principles. The Exchange protocols are now publicly available on the Open Protocol Specifications section of MSDN in preliminary form for developers to review and provide feedback. You can read more about the announcement in this press release.
Here is the press release: Microsoft Publicly Posts Additional Protocol Documentation http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2008/apr08/04-08ProtocolPR.mspx
Here are links to the documents:
Exchange Server Protocols http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc307725(EXCHG.80).aspx
Exchange Server Protocol Documents http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc425499(EXCHG.80).aspx
I cannot answer any questions on these documents. Support for these documents handled by forum and are considered to be preliminary documents.
"Exchange Server Protocols" Forum http://forums.msdn.microsoft.com/en-US/os_exchangeprotocols/threads/