Define Schema

To implement a MI provider, the first step is to model the management data, i.e., to define the schema of data. The schema has to be defined in DMTF's Managed Object Format (MOF), which is very similar to WMI MOF format except partial syntax of WMI MOF is not compliant with DMTF MOF.

Definition of MOF file can be found at http://www.dmtf.org/education/mof. Following is the copy of the definition from the page, “A MOF file can be encoded in either Unicode or UTF-8 format. MOF files are text files that contains definitions of classes and instances using the Managed Object Format (MOF) language. They can be edited using your favorite text editor or tool of choice.”

For MI provider, the MOF file defines only classes that modeling the underline management objects. One class maps to one category of management objects, for example Win32_Process class was defined to manage processes that running on Windows OS.

As described in Implementing MI Provider (1), there are 3 categories of providers, instance provider, association provider and indication provider. The type of provider actually refers to the type of class that being implemented, while the type of class depends on the class qualifier. Following are MOF examples for the 3 typical classes,

 

class MSFT_WindowsProcess : CIM_Process
{



}

MOF Example 2.0: (normal) Class

 

 
[Association]
class MSFT_WindowsServiceProcess
{



}

MOF Example 2.1: Association Class

 

 
[Indicaiton]

class MSFT_WindowsServiceStopped

{



}

MOF Example 2.2: Indication Class

 

 

Schema Sample

An MI provider could implement one or more of above type’s classes. Be default those classes have fixed number of operations, generally, a (normal) class could have enumerate instance, get instance, delete instance, modify instance, and create instance; an association class could have assoicators of instance and references of instance operation; and an indication class could have enable indication, subscribe, unsubscribe, disable indication operations. Of course, a (normal) class could also have arbitrary number of methods defined, one method maps to one operation. Details will be discussed in the following blog Implementing MI Provider (3).

To understand how to define classes that derives from standard class, following table pastes the MOF file from Windows 8 SDK MIAPI Sample, it contains (normal) class, association class, and indication classes,

(1) MSFT_WindowsProcess derives from CIM_Process (CIM standard class), which models the process objects which is running on Windows Operating System. It is a (normal) class.

(2) MSFT_WindowsService derives from CIM_Service (CIM standard class), which models the win32 services objects configured on Windows Operating System.  It is a (normal) class.

(3) MSFT_WindowsServiceManager defines only an static method, which reads service objects and return to client via streaming approach. The "stream" qualifier will be discussed in future blog.

(4) MSFT_WindowsServiceProcess derives from CIM_ServiceProcess (CIM standard class), which is an association class. The "association" qualifier is inherited from parent class "CIM_ServiceProcess".

(5) MSFT_WindowsServiceStopped derives from CIM_InstModification (CIM standard class), which is an indication class. It produces indication(s) upon the stop of any running window service.

(6) MSFT_WindowsServiceStarted derives from CIM_InstModification (CIM standard class), which is an indication class. It produces indication(s) upon the start of any window service.

 

//

// THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF

// ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO

// THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A

// PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

//

// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved

//

#pragma include ("cim_schema_2.26.0.mof")

#pragma include ("MSFT_Qualifiers.mof")

 

//

// MSFT_WindowsProcess class derives from CIM_Process class,

// which defines the schema for the processes running on windows OS.

//

[ClassVersion("1.0.0")]

class MSFT_WindowsProcess : CIM_Process

{

      String CommandLine;

         [Description("This instance method demonstrates modifying the "             

        "and any other number to indicate an win32 error code.")]

      Uint32 SetPriority([In] uint32 Priority);

 

     [static, Description("This static method demonstrates creating a process "          
        "by supplying commandline to start a new process."

               "It will output the reference to the newly created process."

               "The method returns an integer value of 0 if the process "

               "was successfully created, and any other number to "

               "indicate an win32 error code.")]

        uint32 Create([In] string CommandLine, [Out] CIM_Process ref Process);

};

 

//  

// MSFT_WindowsService class derives from CIM_Service class,

// which defines the schema for the services present on windows OS.

//

[ClassVersion("1.0.0")]

class MSFT_WindowsService : CIM_Service

{

       // To implement methods defined in parent class,

       // it is mandatory to copy those methods definition

       // from parent class and redefine in child class

       uint32 StartService();

       uint32 StopService();

};

 

[Description("This class demonstrates designing a WMI class "

 " having a static method to use the feature of steam output parameter, "

 "which allows provider to send output array element one by one back to "

 "client instead of sending the whole array back at one time."),

 ClassVersion("1.0.0")]

class MSFT_WindowsServiceManager

{

 

// GetWindowsServices method reads list of MSFT_WindowsService instances with specific status,

// value of 0 for stopped services, 1 for running services, and other values for all services.

[static] uint32 GetWindowsServices(

    [in, ValueMap { "0", "1", ".."}, Values {"Running","Stopped", "All"}]

    uint32 status,

    [out, stream, EmbeddedInstance("MSFT_WindowsService")]
    string services[]);

};

 

// 

// MSFT_WindowsServiceProcess class derives from CIM_ServiceProcess class,

// which associates present services instance with running process instance on windows OS.

//

[ClassVersion("1.0.0")]

class MSFT_WindowsServiceProcessCIM_ServiceProcess

{

};

 

//

// MSFT_WindowsServiceStopped class derives from CIM_InstModification class,

// which presents the notification of a stopped service on windows OS.

//

[ClassVersion("1.0.0")]

class MSFT_WindowsServiceStopped : CIM_InstModification

{

};

 

//

// MSFT_WindowsServiceStarted class derives from CIM_InstModification class,

// which presents the notification of a started service on windows OS.

//

[ClassVersion("1.0.0")]

class MSFT_WindowsServiceStartedCIM_InstModification

{

};

MOF of Windows 8 SDK MIAPI Sample

For complete MOF syntax, please refer to DSP0004 version 2.6.0.

 

Haowei Qin

Senior SDE

Standards Based Management