WPF & Silverlight Designer

The Visual Designer for creating WPF & Silverlight applications in Visual Studio

Known Issue – Controls Deriving From A Generic Base Class Must Be In Separate Assembly

Known Issue – Controls Deriving From A Generic Base Class Must Be In Separate Assembly

  • Comments 8

There is a known issue when using the Visual Studio 2010 WPF & Silverlight Designer or XAML Editor and a control derives from a generic base class.  The control and generic base class must be located in separate assemblies, otherwise the Designer and XAML Editor will display the following error:

Error 1 The type 'local:GenericBase' was not found. Verify that you are not missing an assembly reference and that all referenced assemblies have been built

The listed error will not prevent you from using the Designer or building your application.  However, its a misleading error message that does not help you correct the design-time problem.

Workaround

To workaround this issue, you’ll need to place the generic base class in a separate assembly from the control as pictured below.

In this example the UserControlWithGenericBase derives from GenericBase and the two types are located in separate assemblies.

solutionexplorer classdiagram

TypeArguments Property

In the above class diagram you can see that UserControlWithGenericBase derives from:

  • C#  GenericBase<String> 
  • VB – GenericBase(Of String)

Notice the third line of XAML, the x:TypeArguments property is set to sys:String.  This matches the generic type argument passed to GenericBase in the above class diagram and the UserControlWithGenericBase UserControl class declaration below.

x:TypeArguments is required when the base class is a generic type.

<gbc:GenericBase
    xmlns:sys="clr-namespace:System;assembly=mscorlib"
    x:TypeArguments="sys:String"
    xmlns:gbc="clr-namespace:GenericBaseClassLibrary;assembly=GenericBaseClassLibrary"
    x:Class="UserControlDerivingFromGenericTypeCS.UserControlWithGenericBase"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006" 
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008" 
    mc:Ignorable="d" 
    d:DesignHeight="300" d:DesignWidth="300">

    <Grid>
    </Grid>

</gbc:GenericBase>

C# Code

public partial class UserControlWithGenericBase : GenericBase<String> {
    public UserControlWithGenericBase() {
        InitializeComponent();
    }
}

VB.NET Code

Public Class UserControlWithGenericBase
    Inherits GenericBase(Of String)
End Class

Silverlight

This workaround only applies to WPF applications.  Currently Silverlight does not support the x:TypeArguments property that is required in the deriving control’s XAML root tag.

If you must have Silverlight controls that derive from a generic base class you have to do some extra work.  Basically you need to have an extra class in the middle so that the UserControl would derive from a non-generic class

Base class:  public class GenericBase<T> : UserControl

Middle class:  public class MiddleStringControl : GenericBase<String>

UserControl:  public class UserControlWithGenericBase : MiddleStringControl

Comments

Microsoft values your opinion about our products and documentation. In addition to your general feedback it is very helpful to understand:

  • How the above feature enables your workflow
  • What is missing from the above feature that would be helpful to you

Thank you for your feedback and have a great day,

Karl Shifflett
Visual Studio Cider Team

  • Thanks Karl.

    If you use a virtual machine and your code is located on the host machine, you may want to add <loadFromRemoteSources enabled="true"/> to devenv.exe.config to avoid additional errors.

    See http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd409252%28VS.100%29.aspx

  • I'm disappointed to see that in Visual Studio 2010 RC all the content of the XAML documents is still completely underlined with blue squiggles. It's really annoying to read documents like that.

    The tooltip says: 'Cannot create an instance of "GenericBase`1"'.

  • Fabrice,

    Are you implying that all your XAML documents have squiggles or just when the Generic Base Class issue is affecting your XAML.

    After moving your Generic Base Class to another assembly, you should not be seeing this.

    Please let me know under what circumstances you are having this problem.

    Karl

  • The situation is the following:

    - I have two projects in a solution

    - One of the projects contains my generic base class (is it in that cas what you call an external assembly?)

    - The other project consumes this base class in xaml files

    - When I'm editing these xaml files, I get the squiggles all over. Maybe not all the time though, but most of the time.

    I don't think that this is expected when you say that moving the generic base class to another assembly should fix the issue.

    Fabrice

  • I emailed you off line.  I would like to meet while you're here at the MVP Summit.

    Cheers,

    Karl

  • Hi,

    Actually for me this is more than just an annoyance, it provides an actual compiler error. This issue seems to have been around in different incarnations ever since SL2 and I'm surprised it hasn't been put to bed yet. There is a Connect support issue open about it that was closed due to 'other priorities'. I'm a bit disappointed by this; creating a ViewBase<T> is a pretty common thing to do these days so the XAML designer needs to get better generic support.

    I also tried your suggested solution just in case. But it didn't work. I'm using VS2010 RC with SL3 project.

    Cheers

    Steve

  • Steve,

    Silverlight does not have support for Generics in XAML yet.

    I would raise this issue again on the Silverlight forums or Connect and request this feature for Silverlight 5.

    Have a great day and thank you for your feedback.

    Karl

  • I had a very similar issue that was resolved by moving my control to an external assembly. The differences were as follows.

    I am using Silverlight 5.

    I am using Visual Studio 2012 Update 1

    My base class is not generic (it is System.Windows.Controls.DataGrid).

Page 1 of 1 (8 items)
Leave a Comment
  • Please add 7 and 7 and type the answer here:
  • Post