statcounter tracker
November, 2012 - Education - Site Home - MSDN Blogs
The Australian Education Blog
Ray Fleming's take on what's interesting in Education IT in Australia

November, 2012

  • Education

    The biggest factor affecting student retention happens before the student arrives


    I've been in a lot of discussions about CRM for student recruitment and student retention systems in the last month, and today I'm spending the day in a planning workshop, so I thought I'd share a controversial thought bouncing around my brain about higher education student attrition:

    There’s plenty of evidence to suggest that the biggest factor impacting student attrition is their preparation for university before they arrive. And if we were to ‘game’ student retention improvement, the most effective mechanism would be to alter the intake of students. But is that fair to do? Or, are we already doing it?

    One factor that impacts student retention is prior academic achievement. It appears that students with lower academic scores on entry are more likely to drop out, although that be covering up other factors such as parental engagement, preparation for the style of learning in universities.

    According to Steve Draper, from the University of Glasgow:

    “If a student’s parents both went to university, preferably the same university; if their school assumed they would go and pre-trained them e.g. to take notes, use the library, to write essays exhibiting critical thinking, etc., then this may make that student more likely to succeed. Furthermore there are associations, almost certainly causal, between wealth and family support on the one hand, and retention on the other. More accurately, different families demonstrate different amounts of commitment to keeping a student in education. Previous academic achievement is a measure of this because it measures their demonstrated commitment to date, and so selecting for achievement is also likely to select for continued support, and against students who may have to leave to support their families which is a common cause of dropout.”

    We already select students on their academic ability. Is it also okay to select student intake, based on their preparation for university (some already do)? And if so, do you draw the line at selecting according to the parent’s university history? Especially if you know that’s a real factor that drives student retention and attrition.

    Find MoreFind related articles on CRM in education, for student recruitment and retention

  • Education

    How to succeed in Education Technology


    I've just finished reading an excellent article, "How to Succeed in Education Technology" written by the cofounders of Wikispaces, to provide advice and support for people running companies producing education technology products and services - or people thinking of starting one. It's clear, concise (even though it's lengthy!) and it contains some absolute gems of information.

    If you're a supplier to education this is a great read, full of good advice and valuable lessons. And if you're in a school, TAFE or University, it's a great read too, for the overview it provides of the context of change in education today, and for the ideas it might generate on how to enthuse colleagues, and leaders, to help change happen.

    And it hooks you with its first line:


    Most of today's education technology startups are doomed to fail.


    It then goes on to describe some of the challenges that young technology companies face in the education market, which are fundamentally different to those faced by consumer technology companies.

    Here in Australia, we've got some great examples of companies that have started small and become successful through providing services that schools want – like ClickView, who through sheer hard work now have been chosen by 7 out of 10 of Australian High Schools to provide their video services; and 3P Learning, who's Mathletics service has been chosen by huge numbers of schools in Australia, the US and the UK. Along their journeys they will have learnt some of the lessons that are shared in the article.

    The article defines what success looks like (for Wikispaces) and compares that to how success might be judged in a consumer-facing startup,

    There are a couple of points that really hit home for me. Like this not about the need to serve institutions, but in a different way to the past:


    Schools have lost their appetite for cold calls, long sales cycles, big-ticket software contracts, torturous implementations, and projects loaded with long-term risks. Without grass-roots adoption, salespeople can't show the one thing that institutions crave most: demonstrated success under their own roof.

    While customer quotes and whitepapers and research analysts can claim that a product will be successful, teachers who already use the product in their classrooms are the real proof. Bottom-up has replaced top-down. We're seeing more and more leaders of institutions large and small influenced by stories of products that work today for their own students and teachers.


    When talking about the need for companies to have "a burning passion to serve the educational market, and the determination to commit a decade or more of your life", they illustrate the reason by listing some of the difficult environmental barriers that face people providing services to the education market. They include:

    • Long and uncertain budget cycles
    • Purchasing bureaucracy
    • Limited outside funding sources
    • Micro and macro political pressures
    • Lack of and low upside for technology champions
    • Lack of resources for large-scale technology implementations
    • Resistance to change, especially when institutions have been burned before
    • An unprecedented level of competition for attention in the ed-tech space


    Learn MoreRead the full article "How to build a successful startup" on EdSurge

    There's also a couple of EdSurge newsletters that you can sign up for, including one specifically for teachers

  • Education

    Analytics and Business Intelligence in US education–what are the lessons for Australian universities?


    Nearly two thirds of universities in the US reported in June 2012 that analytics (or business intelligence*) was a major priority for their institution, or some departments within their institution. And 84% reported that it was more important to them than two years ago. As a single fact, that doesn't seem significant – what's really useful to see from the report is the areas of the universities that are using analytics. Beyond the stalwart of finance and budgeting, the main focus appears to be on using analytics for student-centric processes – enrolments, student progress, instructional management. And relatively lower use of analytics in areas such as human resources, facilities, and staff management.

    One of the key findings of the report was that whilst analytics is widely viewed as important, data use at most institutions is still limited to reporting. They also found that programs were most successful when they involved partnership across teams – IT, functional leaders and organisational leaders. They also recommended that institutions should focus their investments on expertise, process, and policies before acquiring new tools or collecting additional data. Although, I think there is a real danger – observed across many analytics projects – of analysis paralysis, resulting in an ever-expanding project scope, and the resulting delays in project deliverables.

    Are analytics tools too expensive?

    The Executive Summary at the front of the report highlights two key questions:

    • Is data mainly collected to enable reporting, rather than to address strategic organisational issues?
    • Is cost a major barrier to widespread use of analytics?

    In fact, 'affordability' was the largest concern about the growing use of analytics in Higher Education (Fig 5, page 13) As the Executive Summary says on page 3:


    One of the major barriers to analytics in higher education is cost. Many institutions view analytics as an expensive endeavour rather than as an investment. Much of the concern around affordability centres on the perceived need for expensive tools or data collection methods. What is needed most, however, is investment in analytics professionals who can contribute to the entire process, from defining the key questions to developing data models to designing and delivering alerts, dashboards, recommendations, and reports.

    I've heard similar views expressed – but in a growing mindset of 'self service BI', where the end user is often going to be doing their own data analysis in the tools they are already familiar with – like Excel – I think the need for additional BI tools for everybody is fading. Given that in most Australian universities, all of the staff are already licensed for the common-place analytics tools like Excel, then cost should hopefully not be a barrier to widespread use, and perhaps the need is more of training to help users interpret standard sets of information, and how to analyse it together with their own local datasets.

    Which areas of universities are using analytics?

    The chart below comes from the 2012 ECAR Study of Analytics in Higher Education (the full infographic is a 13MB PDF file here). The area labelled 'student progress' also includes student retention, which I think is a key scenario for analytics with students.

    Departmental use of Analytics in Higher Education

    Given the report's view that a lot of the use of BI/analytics was for 'reporting' rather than true analytics, perhaps there's not a huge surprise here – but it's a timely reminder that reporting data is exploiting a small part of the potential of a analytics/business intelligence system.

    Learn MoreIf you, or colleagues, are involved in discussions or projects around business intelligence or analytics, then I'd recommend the full report, as it's written in a very approachable way, with many useful insights. You can view the full 2012 ECAR Study of "Analytics in Higher Education" on the EDUCAUSE website

    I think there appears to be a shift in language that's happened here. What's called 'analytics' in this report has traditionally been called 'business intelligence' more widely. I know that the phrase 'learning analytics' has become the norm for student-centric BI, but I wonder if the name change we see in this report has come because of the word 'business' in 'business intelligence' – and the perceived need to ensure that people don't apply the label 'business' to education (echoed by one of the response options under 'concerns' about the use of analytics which was "Another means of running higher education like a business")

  • Education

    How to get a Flash website working smoothly on Windows 8 and Windows RT


    This blog post is for developers, designers, and content publishers who have created websites that use Flash Player, and want to know what the right steps to take are to get those sites running smoothly on Windows 8 devices. This is pretty important in education, where there have historically been lots of websites using Flash, that either don't work, or work poorly, on a wide range of mobile devices. And turning them into a more standards-based web format, such as HTML5, isn't an overnight job!

    However, with Windows 8 starting to appear in classrooms and homes, in the hands of students, there are some things that you can do to improve your users' experience.

    Here's an introduction to the background, and links to more detailed articles:

    Supporting Flash in Internet Explorer 10 on Windows 8

    IE logoInternet Explorer 10 is one web platform that provides two browsing experiences: the new Windows Internet Explorer in the new Windows 8 interface which is optimised for touch, and the traditional browsing experience of Internet Explorer for the desktop. As a Windows Store app, Internet Explorer 10 runs without plug-ins so that you have a clean, fast, and secure web browsing experience, though it does provide a native Flash player with support to play Flash content for sites listed in the Flash section of the Compatibility View (CV) list.

    By designing a web experience that doesn't require plug-ins for the browsers, users will benefit from better performance, longer battery life, as well as increased security, privacy and reliability. All of which are critically important to educational customers. Typically plug-ins are used for delivering video and graphics (Flash, QuickTime, Silverlight, Java applets) as well as offline storage an communication (Flash, Java applets, Google Gears). For all of these uses, there are equivalent web technologies that comply with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards, in HTML5 video, audio and graphics; web storage, file and application APIs; and HTML5 Web Messaging standards.

    For developers, the benefit of developing web sites that don't need plug-ins is that using the W3C standards increases interoperability across browsers and devices, and increases forward-compatibility. Standards-based technologies, specified by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), like the ones comprising HTML5 offer similar capabilities to various plug-ins. These technologies have strong support across modern web browsers, making it possible for web developers to write the same markup and script that works across all modern browsers, without writing or maintaining any additional code that has third-party framework and runtime dependencies. (For more on this, read "Get ready for plug-in free browsing")

    On Windows 8, both modes of Internet Explorer 10 use the same integrated Flash Player, removing the need to download or install an additional player. Internet Explorer 10 for the desktop provides the same full Flash support as previous versions of Windows Internet Explorer that relied on the Flash Player plug-in from Adobe, and continues to support other third party plug-ins.

    What developers and publishers need to know to get Flash websites working with Windows 8

    There's a detailed article on MSDN, "Developer guidance for websites with content for Adobe Flash Player in Windows 8", which provides guidance and guidelines from Adobe and Microsoft for designers, developers, and content publishers. It provides some really simple tips that will allow you to ensure that your website always open in the desktop version of IE10. This means that as soon as a user opens the site, it will give them a prompt to open it in Internet Explorer on the desktop.

    It also describes the Compatibility View (CV) list to enable content for Flash Player to execute inside the Internet Explorer 10 browser, and the process for developers to submit sites to be considered for the CV list. The aim of this is to make sure that sites work well in this mode – for example, that they'll support a use of touch on a tablet device, and not requiring users to do things such as a mouse double-click.

    The article also provides advice to enable developers to test sites that require Flash Player in Internet Explorer 10 before they submit it to the CV list.

    Learn MoreRead more:
    Internet Explorer 10 on Windows 8 – the similarities and differences
    Get ready for plug-in free browsing
    Developer guidance for websites with content for Adobe Flash Player in Windows 8

  • Education

    Free DevCamps for aspiring developers of Office apps



    If you are a software developer for education, then you'll already know about the app marketplaces for different devices – like the Windows Store for Windows 8 apps, the iTunes store for iPad/iPod apps and Google Play for Android apps. It's become another route to market for developers, and been a way to reach a wider group of potential individual customers. In the education market it's been a way to distribute apps to individual teachers and schools, and help them to discover software not available through their standard computer build - most education customers get given a device with a standard list of software pre-installed.

    So if the apps stores are a good route to market for education, then here's another app store that you should know about – and some free training events to get you started:

    The Office Store for Office and SharePoint apps

    The all new cloud app extensibility model for Office and SharePoint 2013 enables building a whole new class of productivity solutions for Office and SharePoint. And the new Office Store on provides the venue for these apps to be delivered to millions of Office and Office 365 SharePoint Online users worldwide. It's still in beta at the moment, but already it's being used by customers to buy and download Office apps.

    Learn how to develop apps for the Office Store

    Early next year, we will be running two DevCamps for software developers to learn all about the Office Store, and the app development model. It will be a very practical two day workshop, that covers the store, demonstrates what apps look like, and then will step you through the process of building code and even give you options for 1:1 discussions with the programme leads for the Office Store apps.


    In these DevCamps, developers will learn the concepts of the new app model and how to use it for building apps for Office and SharePoint. Topics for building apps for SharePoint range from how to read/write to SharePoint as a service using its rich APIs whether the JavaScript/managed code object model or via REST/oData, how events that happen on SharePoint can drive actions in your app, to using SharePoint search via the APIs.

    Topics for apps for Office include how to build task pane, content and mail apps that render in the Office client applications, use the JavaScript object model to interact with documents and mail items, and how to deploy apps for Office as standalone solutions or part of an app for SharePoint. Other topics will cover how to think about elasticity, scalability and reliability of your backend services and the steps for getting your app into the Office Store.


    There's plenty of information to get started on building Office apps available now, so that you can get started, and hopefully the DevCamp will help you zoom ahead further.

    Register for one of the free Australian DevCamps for Office apps

    Make a dateMake a date: Find out more about all the DevCamps (Australia, and beyond)

    DevCamp for Office apps in Sydney 4th and 5th February - Register Here

    DevCamp for Office apps in Melbourne  7th and 8th February - Register Here*

    * Today, this is still saying Sydney 6th Feb, but will shortly be corrected to Melbourne 7th Feb

  • Education

    A free course from Charles Sturt University on developing Windows Phone 8 apps


    To coincide with the release of Windows Phone 8, IT Masters are offering a free short course in developing Windows Phone 8 applications.  All facets of the course will be delivered online in 11/2 hour sessions, with live, after hours Workshops being run by one of the industry’s leading experts in Mobile Applications Development.  The course commences on this evening, at 7PM, the 21st November.


    Make a dateMake a date: Find out more, and register

    More details on the IT Masters Windows Phone 8 course

    The short course will be run over 4 weeks with lectures being delivered via weekly after-hours webinar presented by Nick Randolph (recordings of the Webinar will be available if you are unable to make the live event). In between the webinars, you will be asked to do 10-12 hours of study including doing practice Labs, reading reference materials and doing assessments.

    Week 1 Webinar 21st Nov -  Windows Phone Development: The Tools and Technologies

    Don’t be fooled! This is the opening session for this four part training series and there is plenty to cover. In this session you’ll experience the tools and technologies that you can leverage to build your first Windows Phone application.

    Week 2 Webinar 28 Nov - Windows Phone Lifecycle, Background Agents and Notifications

    Building on the overview you saw in session 1, in this session we’ll cover the lifecycle of a Windows Phone application. You’ll learn about the agent model that your application can use to run in the background and how you can use notifications to alert and inform the users of your Windows Phone application.

    Week 3 Webinar 5th Dec - Maps, Sensors, Audio and Video with Windows Phone

    By now you might be feeling a bit lost – never fear, we have enough maps and sensors to get you out of trouble. This session is all about integrating your Windows Phone application with the device capabilities around location, media and of course phone features such as contacts and sms.

    Week 4 Webinar 12th Dec - Beyond Windows Phone Development

    In the last session in this series we’ll highlight some of the unique aspects of the Windows Phone application. You’ll learn how you can leverage different pricing models, trial mode and much more in order to optimise your revenue from the Windows Phone store.

    Final Exam:         Wed, 7-8.30pm, 19/12 (optional, open book exam that you sit at your computer)

  • Education

    Update 5: Windows 8 apps for education – ClickView Windows 8 app


    imageThe first Australian education apps are starting to appear, and the charge is being led by ClickView, which is used by thousands of schools around the country.

    The native Windows 8 ClickView Player app allows you to search and playback videos, podcasts and vodcasts from the ClickView library, and the ClickView Exchange content.

    There's tons of video content in the ClickView library from TED, ABC, Discovery Education, NASA etc. And it's clearly structured under subject and topic headings. And then ClickView Exchange allows schools to share content including videos from free to air TV stations, recorded and uploaded by ClickView users. This online source of relevant, educational content contains 15,000+ titles that have been added by teachers around Australia. Yep, ClickView had to be really careful with copyright for all of this, which is why only educational users in Australia can get access to this.

    Find out more about the overview of ClickView service, or the ClickView products they offer – from in-school video delivery and recording systems, to storage and management of digital media.

    What does the ClickView Windows 8 app do?

    ClickView Windows 8 app users can create their own playlists and vodcasts, and get HD streaming and video playback using the optimised Windows 8 player.

    You can download the free ClickView Windows 8 app here.

    • Existing ClickView customers just sign in with their normal ClickView account details
    • For new users, you'll need to have a ClickView account – so you may want to take advantage of the free 30 day ClickView trial


    MAPA 2012 - ClickView

    Find More 

    Get the ClickView Windows 8 app on the Windows Store

  • Education

    Today's online ESSA Science test in New South Wales


    It’s on again, the annual online science assessment (the ESSA test) that brings all year 8 students, in all Government, Catholic and Private Schools in NSW, together on one day to do an online science assessment. And it's happening right now, with help from Microsoft's cloud services.

    ESSA Test 2012

    Each year this assessment happens online through a combination of using cloud platform technologies (from Microsoft's Windows Azure) and the latest techniques for building scalable assessment systems from Janison, a Coffs Harbour company. Of course, the scale of the assessment, with anything up to 85,000 students taking the test in one day is huge. Wayne Houlden, CEO of Janison told me a little about it:

      Last year we peaked at 500 schools active at the same time – this year we think we might go just a little higher. We are also expecting a few more students on this year, so this year we have 500 Windows Azure processor cores to handle the demand.  

    You can see below, that pretty soon after 9AM last year, hundreds of schools were logging and getting their students started.


    Watch the ESSA test progresss in real time

    Possibly one of the most interesting things about the test is that you can watch it happening in real time. The Janison team have built a Metrics site where you can watch the statistics as they happen – the number of schools logged on, the number of students taking the assessment every second, and the utilisation of the cloud services and technology that sit behind it.

    Here's a screenshot of the Student Status screen taken a couple of minutes ago:


    So, as oftwo minutes ago, 16,889 students had already completed their test, and a further 9,933 were in progress.

    There's a heap of further detail showing in the live stats – head over to for a look.

    Find MoreFind more articles on this blog about Janison and the ESSA test

  • Education

    SAP announces Windows 8 app plans


    This caught my eye because there are so many SAP users in Australian education institutions, across schools, TAFE and higher education. Many education organisations are using SAP for their financial and HR systems, and a challenge for these conventional ERP systems is to make them more user-friendly – especially as so many employees are using self-service systems for every day tasks.

    As an ex-SAP user, anything which helps users get at their data and workflows in SAP more easily is a great thing, and this announcement of SAP Windows 8 apps, featuring the clean, modern, touch interface is a really good sign of support by vendors of enterprise-grade systems for Windows 8:

      SAP today announced plans to deliver six new SAP mobile apps for Windows 8, bringing new innovations for SAP customers. SAP also announced forthcoming support for Windows 8 development on the leading SAP Mobile Platform, as well as security enhancements to the SAP Afaria mobile device management solution. Through these apps, platform support and security enhancements, SAP plans to extend business processes to Windows 8 to accelerate a business’ ability to run better with devices of various form factors.  

    They announced plans for six business apps for SAP running on Windows 8, for use on different types of Windows 8 devices, focused on key functions such as training, HR recruiting and sales. These mobile apps include SAP WorkDeck, which will be developed first for Windows 8. It's a new app described by SAP as being:

      A new persona-centric app that offers contextual integration of various information sources and processes into a role-based view. SAP WorkDeck allows employees to initiate new requests, oversee upcoming events and monitor the progress, as well as enables managers to react and process workflows on-the-go, such as travel, leave and purchasing requests.  

    In addition, they are going to be producing five more SAP Windows 8 apps:

    • SAP Manager Insight: an employee profile app that provides managers with access to key indicators, such as diversity, headcount, employee talent by location, as well as employee profiles, to drive collaborative and informed human resources (HR) decision-making.
    • SAP Learning Assistant: a training app that gives on-the-go workers tag-along teachers. It makes on-demand, online training available anytime, anywhere so workers can access required classes to address compliance and job requirements.
    • SAP Interview Assistant: a recruiting app that eases the cumbersome task of arranging interviews. It also helps managers review candidate information, prepare notes, record results, and provide immediate feedback to HR.
    • SAP Customer Financial Fact Sheet: a customer profile app for account executives to access financial data, invoices and critical sales orders in real time.
    • SAP GRC Policy Survey: a policy app for employees to review and acknowledge relevant policy changes and fill in surveys to ensure they understand the policies.

    SAP Manager Insight screenshotAccording to SAP these apps aim to take advantage of the touch capability and features of the new Windows user interface, such as zoom, tiles and Snap mode, enabling users to easily interact with SAP data. Sebastian Kramer shared this screenshot (right) of the SAP Manager Insight demo on Instagram, which gives a good idea of how different the apps looks from previous SAP screens.

    All mobile SAP apps for Windows 8 are planned to include a trial mode to allow customers to be able to download the apps from the Windows Store and evaluate them before purchasing.

    And there's also work happening on the SAP Mobile Platform, to support creation and deployment of mobile apps for Windows 8 and Windows Phone 8. SAP intends to enable the large community of Microsoft developers to quickly create apps (HTML5 and JavaScript) using Visual Studio, as well as enable developers to access SAP Mobile Platform services for enhanced security and authentication, user/device/app provisioning and push notification to help ensure a consistent user experience across devices of different form factors on a single platform.

    Hopefully the vision will make it easier for employees to be able to create expense claims, sign off approvals, get training etc, whilst they are away from their corporate systems and corporate network.

    Learn MoreRead SAPs press release about Windows 8 apps

  • Education

    How education customers can use licence mobility with Dynamics CRM


    Icons_gears_blueLast year, I wrote about changes in our licensing, which introduced Licence Mobility, which arrived last July. This gave customers much more flexibility in their decisions about deploying applications on-premise, and in shared data centres in the cloud – both Microsoft datacentres and those run by our partners. For example, you can now use their licences to run key applications in a data centre which is shared between different customers (previously, a completely different licence type - called SPLA - was needed for shared data centres). For basic details of how the scheme works, take a look at my earlier blog post, but here's a couple of the key points:

    • Licence mobility applies when you buy your Microsoft server software with Software Assurance.
      For education customers, that's automatically included in our Subscription Agreements (EES, School Agreement and Campus Agreement), but if you buy your licences under Select or Open schemes, Software Assurance is an addition.
    • Licence mobility covers servers for Dynamics CRM, System Center, Lync, SharePoint, SQL and Exchange
    • There must be 90 days between each move to the cloud and back (so no moving your servers to the cloud just for the weekend Smile)

    There's a more detailed presentation that steps through the scenarios, and explains in detail what is now possible. For example, this slide demonstrates the gap filled by the new licence mobility, and differentiates between this and the SPLA licensing. Basically, licence mobility allows you to run a dedicated application on shared hardware, whereas SPLA works for shared applications on shared hardware.

    Licence mobility for Dynamics

    So here's how an education customer can use licensing mobility with Dynamics CRM:

    A university wants to run a student recruitment system with Dynamics CRM - and rather than having it setup on their own server, they want their partner to run the service in an hosted data centre. (This makes lots of sense, as the hoster is likely to provide 24x7 uptime support, a guaranteed SLA, and out of hours support).

    The partner is happy to host the Dynamics CRM, and will run it on virtualised servers (who wouldn't?) which means that the hardware is shared - there may be a bunch of other systems from other organisations running on the same physical server.

    Previously, the partner would have had to license this through SPLA licensing, and because this was complicated, it tended to put people off (both partners and customers).

    With Licence Mobility, what now happens is that the education customer simply moves their Academic licences to cover the hosted setup, avoiding the potential duplication of licences, or confusion of multiple licence types. The partner is responsible for licensing the Windows Server hosts - which isn't a change for them - but the customer now buys or provides the licences (in this case Dynamics CRM Server) for the applications.

    For the customer there's a bunch of benefits:

    • The licences for Dynamics CRM can be rolled into their existing subscription agreement with Microsoft (most education customers in Australia will have an existing subscription agreement they can add this too)
    • The customer can use Academic licences, which reduces the cost, and in many cases they will have a framework agreement in place that reduces the cost further (for example, universities can buy this through their CAUDIT agreement)
    • Because it's using subscription licences, it means that the customer automatically receives licences for the latest version, so there are no upgrade costs going forward as we release future versions
    • As the customer owns the licences, they can move them between their data centre, a partner shared data centre, or between different partner data centres, without having to re-licence their servers.

    Learn MoreDownload the full 'Licence Mobility' presentation for more information

    * Please bear in mind I'm not a licensing expert, so I'm basing everything above on my understanding of the way it works, and I've tried to simplify the vast amount of licensing information down to the basics.
Page 1 of 3 (21 items) 123