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Microsoft Research Connections Blog

The Microsoft Research Connections blog shares stories of collaborations with computer scientists at academic and scientific institutions to advance technical innovations in computing, as well as related events, scholarships, and fellowships.

  • Microsoft Research Connections Blog

    Microsoft Research and TWAS-AAS Recognize Outstanding Young African Scientists


    (from left to right) Fayçal Djeffal, Konrad Scheffler, Moustafa Youssef received the 2010 TWAS-AAS-Microsoft Award in a ceremony held in Nairobi, Kenya.

    (from left to right) Fayçal Djeffal, Konrad Scheffler, Moustafa Youssef received the
    2010 TWAS-AAS-Microsoft Award in a ceremony held in Nairobi, Kenya.

    On February 26, 2011, three African scientists received the 2010 TWAS-AAS-Microsoft Award in a ceremony held in Nairobi, Kenya. The award, funded by Microsoft Research Connections, recognizes outstanding research in computer sciences that was conducted by African scientists and has had—or promises to have—an impact on the developing world. The award was established in 2009 as a partnership among Microsoft Research; TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world; and the African Academy of Sciences (AAS). This year's winners, each of whom received a cash prize of €7,000, are:

    Fayçal Djeffal, associate professor in the Department of Electronics, Faculty of Technology, at the University of Batna in Batna, Algeria. Djeffal was recognized for his contributions to the development of new approaches to study nanoscale electronic devices and circuits. His research group developed a series of novel soft-computing-based approaches (neural networks, genetic algorithms, particle-swarm computations, neural-space mapping, fuzzy logic, and experts systems) for the modeling of nanoscale electronics devices, now widely employed in many research laboratories.

    Konrad Scheffler, associate professor in the Computer Science Division, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Stellenbosch University, in Matieland, South Africa. Scheffler was honored for his contributions to the fields of bioinformatics and computational biology, particularly the modeling of molecular evolution in HIV and other organisms. His work applies computational techniques and probabilistic modeling to gain insight into the selective forces that drive the evolution of HIV as it adapts to changes in its environment; for example, changes resulting from drugs aimed at suppressing the virus or from the different immune systems of its hosts.

    Moustafa Youssef, assistant professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST), in Alexandria, Egypt. Youssef was recognized for his contributions to the fields of mobile and wireless networks, particularly in the design, analysis, and implementation of location determination systems. His work covers different layers of the protocol stack from the physical layer up to the application layer, with specific projects that target location determination systems, sensor networks, protocol modeling and analysis, peer-to-peer systems, network measurements, and security.

    The TWAS-AAS-Microsoft Award is open to researchers of any nationality, provided they have resided in Africa for at least two years prior to their nomination. In addition, nominees must have received their most recent degree—either a master's or a doctorate—within the previous 10 years. The selection of winners is handled by TWAS in collaboration with AAS. As noted above, the award is funded by Microsoft Research Connections, the division of Microsoft Research that drives collaboration with academic researchers and institutions.

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    —Luisa Marie Küppers, EMEA Business Manager, Microsoft Research Connections

  • Microsoft Research Connections Blog

    Free MBF Workshop at RENCI in North Carolina


    Microsoft Biology FoundationWe recently posted a preview of the Microsoft Biology Foundation (MBF) for development evaluation purposes. Now, we're following up with a special, free, two-day MBF workshop from April 19 to 20, 2011, at the Renaissance Computing Institute in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, hosted by the Microsoft Biology Initiative. The workshop includes a quick introduction to Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, the Microsoft .NET Framework, C#, and the MBF Object Model. Plus, our hands-on lab will give you the opportunity to write a sample application that employs the file parsers, algorithms, and web connectors in MBF. For complete details about the event, or to register, please see the MBF Workshop website.

    We will also cover some MBF training modules throughout the day, including:

    • Module 1: Introduction to Visual Studio 2010 and C#. This comprehensive introduction to the Microsoft Visual Studio programming environment and Microsoft .NET will teach you how to create a project, get started with C#, and perform runtime debugging. Also, you will get hands-on lab experience by building applications in Visual Studio 2010.
    • Module 2: Introduction to the Microsoft Biology Foundation. This overview will introduce you to MBF basics through discussions of its scenarios and architectures and includes a starter project. The starter project is a hands-on lab that will help you get the experience you need to work with sequences, parsers, formatters, and the transcription algorithm that is supplied in MBF.
    • Module 3: Working with Sequences. In this module, you'll learn more about the Sequence data type in MBF, including how to load sequences into memory and save them, the different sequence types that are available, how to use sequence metadata, and how data virtualization support enables support for large data sets in a hands-on lab setting.
    • Module 4: Parsers and Formatters. In Parsers and Formatters, you'll explore MBF's built-in sequence parsers, formatters, alphabets, and encoders. This module will also introduce the method of expanding MBF with custom alphabets, parsers, and formatters. The hands-on lab will walk you through the steps that are required to build a simple custom parser and formatter for a fabricated biology data format.
    • Module 5: Algorithms. In this module, you will examine the algorithms that are defined in MBF for sequence alignment, multi-sequence alignment, sequence fragment assembly, transcription, translation, and pattern matching against sequences. You'll also learn how to create custom algorithms. The hands-on lab will walk you through the steps that are required to build an application to run algorithms against sequences loaded with MBF and will teach you how to perform sequence alignment, assembly, and transformations.
    • Module 6: Web Services. This module will introduce Microsoft .NET web services, the web service architecture in MBF, the built-in web service support in MBF for BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool), and ClustalW. You will also learn how to call these services asynchronously and build custom service wrappers. In the hands-on lab, you'll build an application that executes the BLAST algorithm by using web services against handlers for BLAST, pass sequences and sequence fragments to BLAST, change the BLAST parameters, and display the results from a BLAST run.

    We hope you will join us for this free two-day event. Whether your goal is to get trained on MBF or simply to evaluate MBF and its Microsoft .NET model, you can expect to get a tremendous return on your time investment.

    We look forward to meeting you on April 19 in Chapel Hill.

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     Swatee Surve, Research Program Manager, Health and Wellbeing, Microsoft Research Connections

  • Microsoft Research Connections Blog

    Building a Collaborative Research Relationship with the Chinese Academy of Sciences


    I recently had the great pleasure of visiting with staff at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in Beijing, China. CAS is China's leading academic institution and comprehensive research and development center in natural science, technological science, and high-tech innovation. The Asia-Pacific Microsoft Research Connections team has done a terrific job of establishing a relationship with CAS in recent years. That early groundwork paid off in many ways during my visit to the CAS in February.

    Tony Hey, Corporate Vice President, Microsoft Research Connections presents The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery.

    Tony Hey, Corporate Vice President, Microsoft Research Connections presents
    The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery.

    There are more than 100 institutes under CAS to focus on specific research areas. I visited the Computer Network Information Center (CNIC), which is a public institution that supports networks and information infrastructure for CAS. Professor Tieniu Tan, deputy secretary of CAS, and some researchers from different research institutes that are involved in the eScience program came to CNIC to host my visit. Among the topics we discussed were eScience-related projects and the Academic Cloud Program at Microsoft Research. I found the CAS team very welcoming and ready to share ideas. We will be building on that enthusiasm: as of February, CAS is a key Microsoft Research Connections partner for eScience in China.

    In addition to meeting one-on-one with CAS high-level staff, leading researchers, and executives, I had the pleasure of delivering my presentation, The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery. The audience included a diverse student body as well as faculty representing various research fields, such as chemistry, high-energy physics, biotechnology, geography, environment, database, computing, engineering, and automation.

    Although I was there to speak, I was also there to listen. One of my hosts, Professor Mingqi Chen, director of the Information Department of the CAS General Office, presented on cyber-infrastructure and eScience applications in CAS in three categories:

    The goal of the eScience program in CAS is to build an Open Science Cloud that serves CAS researchers and the broader scientific community. Professor Chen presented some typical eScience applications in CAS, including Galactic Wind Simulation, a real-time prediction of sandstorms system, and ChinaFLUX, which includes a large scientific facility, a field sensor-network real-time data-collection system, and an astronomical virtual laboratory.

    My visit ended on a positive note when another of my hosts, Professor Tieniu Tan, approached me to propose that we further our collaboration through a joint eScience workshop. This workshop will take advantage of the eScience experience and resources that both CAS and Microsoft Research have acquired through our past research work. We will meet again soon to work out the details of this next collaborative venture.

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    Tony Hey, Corporate Vice President, Microsoft Research Connections

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